History Exam

  1. the study of human life and culture
    anthorpology
  2. the period before writing was developed.
    prehistory
  3. items left behind by early peoples
    artifacts
  4. the study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind
    archaeology
  5. "wise human being"
    Homo sapiens
  6. "new stone"
    neolithic
  7. keeping animals and growing food on a regular basis
    systematic agriculture
  8. who discovered the bones of a hominid 1.8 million years old at olduvai gorge?




    C. Louis and Mary Leakey
  9. scientists believe that homo sapiens sapiens appeared ______ between 150,000 and 200,00 years ago.



    B. Africa
  10. the paleolithic age is



    C. the period in which humans used simple stone tools.
  11. who were the first humans to learn to deliberately make fires?



    D. Homo erectus
  12. the real change in the neolithic revolution was the



    D. shift from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture.
  13. the ability to acquire food on a regular basis meant that humans



    B. could give up their nomadic ways of life and begin to live in the settled communities.
  14. the use of metals marked the end of the neolithic age and a



    B. new level of human control over the environment and its resources.
  15. a government by divine authority
    theocracy
  16. a large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, that controls many peoples or territories
    empire
  17. "wedge-shaped" writing
    cuneiform
  18. the religion of the israelites
    judaism
  19. used terror as an instrument of warfare
    assyrians
  20. farming in ancient mesopotamia resulted in an abundance of food, which



    C. enabled civilization to emerge.
  21. hammurabi is remembered for



    C. his law code, a collection of laws for mesopotamian society.
  22. the history of egypt begins around 3100 b.c. when



    B. Menes united upper and lower egypt.
  23. what are the ten lost tribes?



    A. scattered israelite tribes
  24. unlike other religions of the time, in the jewish tradition, political leaders



    B. could not claim they alone knew the will of god, since the jewish teachings were written down for anyone to read.
  25. which leader of the persian empire extended it to become the largest empire the world had yet seen?



    C. darius
  26. which of the following elements contributed to the efficient system of communication that was crucial to sustaining the persian empire?



    B. well maintained roads and way stations that provided, shelter and fresh horses for officials.
  27. hindu divine law
    dharma
  28. trade route between roman empire and china
    silk road
  29. "way"
    dao
  30. checked on government officials to make sure they were doing their jobs
    censorate
  31. papermaking invented during their rule
    han dynasty
  32. had a vast army made of terra cotta buried with him
    qin shihuangdi
  33. who were the aryans?



    D. indo european nomadic peoples who created a new indian society.
  34. the buddha believed that suffering is caused by



    D. attachment to the things in this world.
  35. which of the following is generally considered to be the greatest ruler in the history of india?



    C. asoka
  36. historians of china have traditionally dated the beginning of chinese civilization to the 



    D. founding of the shang dyhasty which was quickly replaces by the zhou dynasty.
  37. one element of the confucian view of the dao is



    B. the idea of humanity consisting of a sense of compassion and empathy for others
  38. in 1974 farmers digging a well about 35 miles east of xian discovered



    B. an army of terra cotta warriors.
  39. greek hero from the illiad
    achilles
  40. rule by the few
    oligarchy
  41. playwright who wrote oedipus rex
    sophocles
  42. ruled by phillip 2
    macedonia
  43. "to imitate greeks"
    hellenistic
  44. shouted "eureka!" after discovering specific gravity
    archimedes
  45. homers illiad and the odyssey were



    D. epic poems.
  46. at thermopylae pass, the spartan troops



    A. were especiaslly brave, even thought the greek army was vastly outnumbered.
  47. who said that "the unexamined life is not worth living"?



    A. socrates
  48. according to greek religion the gods lived



    B. on olympus.
  49. which of the following is considered by many historians today to be the greatest historian of the ancient world?



    C. thucydides
  50. the mathematician euclid wrote the elements which was a 



    C. textbook on plane geometry that has been used up to modern times.
  51. according to the philosophy of stoicism,



    D. happiness could only be found when people gained inner peace by living in harmony with the will of god.
  52. a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens can vote
    republic
  53. great landowners who became romes ruling class
    patricians
  54. assassinated by a group of leading senators
    julius caeser
  55. first roman emperor
    augustus
  56. gladiator who led a massive slave revolt
    spartacus
  57. advocated the violent overthrow of roman rule
    zealots
  58. first invading tribe to sack rome
    visigoths
  59. at its height the roman empire had a population of about



    A. 50 million
  60. the emperor kept the poverty stricken masses pacified by



    A. giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale.
  61. the paterfamilias or dominant male the the head of the roman family and



    D. gradually lost power over the course of roman history.
  62. constantine became the roman empires
    A, last non christian sailor
    B. first christian emperor
    C. greatest persecutor of christians
    D. sole defender of islam
    B. first christian emperor
  63. under which emperor did rome adopt christianity as its official religion,



    C. theodosius the great.
  64. arabs who lived in the desert rather than in towns
    bedouin
  65. journey of muhammad and his followers to madinah
    hijrah
  66. "struggle in the way of god"
    jihad
  67. secular and spiritual leader of an islamic community
    caliph
  68. "holder of power"
    sultan
  69. most famous section of the great mosque of samarra
    minaret
  70. muhammad began to meditate in the hills because



    D. he became troubled by the gap between the honesty of most makkans and the greediness of trading elites in the city
  71. after muhammads death muslim scholars drew up the shariah which is



    D. a law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
  72. with a population of 200,000, which of the following was europes largest city after constantinople?



    B. cordoba
  73. omar khayyam is most famour for



    D. his literary works, especially the rubaiyat
  74. during the abbasid dynasty the council that advised the caliph was led by a prime minister known as a(n)



    D. vizier
  75. one of the five pillars of islam the hajj is



    D. a pilgrimage to makkah.
  76. means of determing guilt under germanic law
    ordeal
  77. created the carolingian empire
    charlemange
  78. norsemen of scandinavia
    benedict
  79. a man who served a lord in military capacity
    vassal
  80. heavily armored cavalry soldier
    knight
  81. gave written recognition to the mutual rights and obligations between kings and vassals
    magna carta
  82. under early germanic law, a wrongdoer had to pay ___ or "money for a man" to the family on the person he injured or killed.



    C. wergild
  83. charlemange established the missi dominci who were



    B. two men who were sent out to local districts to ensure that the counts were carrying out the kings orders,
  84. at the heart of feudalism was



    A. vassalage which meant warriors swore loyalty to a lord who in turn took care of their needs.
  85. which of the following was a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal?



    D. feudal contract
  86. the domesday book was



    B. the first census since roman times
  87. justinians codification of roman law resulted in



    B. the body of civil law
  88. a tenth of ones produce
    tithe
  89. artisans and merchants living in walled cities
    bourgeoisie
  90. members of the wealthiest and most powerful families
    patricians
  91. court created by the church to find and try heretics
    inquisition
  92. attempted to reconcile aristotles teachings with the doctrines of christianity
    saint thomas aquinas
  93. defeated the french at the battle of agincourt
    henry v
  94. which of the following was a heavy wheeled plow with an iron plowshare?



    A. sarruca
  95. serfs were different from peasants in that serfs



    C. were legally bound to land upon which they worked and lived.
  96. born to a wealthy merchant family francis of assisi



    B. eventually abandoned all worldly goods and material pursuits to live and preach in poverty
  97. the chief task ____ was to harmonize christian teachings with the works of the greek philosophers



    B. scholasticism
  98. joan of arc brought the hundred years was to decisive turning point by



    B. inspiring the french with her faith
  99. lived in villages that consisted of longhouses surrounded by a wooden fence
    iroguois
  100. lived in the southwest in present day new mexico arizona utah and colorado
    anasazi
  101. earliest known civilization of mesoamerica
    olmec
  102. used both a solar calendar and a sacred calendar for measuring time
    maya
  103. iroguois home
    longhouse
  104. supreme mayan god
    itzamna
  105. the hopewell peoples are especially known for



    D. earth mounds they built
  106. the great peace created



    B. an alliance of five groups
  107. the plains indians used the buffalo for



    B. food clothing tools and shelter
  108. which of the following is the name given to the arean of mexico and central america where ancient empires floursihed?



    D. mesoamerica
  109. the aztec capital _____ was built on an island in the middle of lake texcoco



    A. tenochtitlan
  110. what kind of forced labor did most of the inca residents perform



    D. construction service
Author
kim12897
ID
193465
Card Set
History Exam
Description
history exam
Updated