Chapter 11,12,7.txt

  1. Early Civilizations of Africa
    Sahara, camels, migrate out of area
  2. Nubia and Egypt
    Nubia or Kush in present day Sudan, taken over by egyptians, became trade power after reconquered
  3. Influences Affect N. Africa
    Carthage ad Rome, muslim, Arabic replaced latin, Rome brought Christianity
  4. Kingdoms and societies of W. Africa: trade and Islam
    • Ghana: Niger River, Soniki people, collected tolls on trade routes
    • Mali: Mandiki people on Upper Niger, Islam in government, defeated by rivals, dispute over next ruler caused fall
    • Songhai: Gao capital, largest state in West Africa, muslim
  5. Kingdoms and trading states of E. Africa (4 and 3 things about them)
    • Kilwa, Mogadishu, Mobasa and Sofala
    • muslim, used monsoon winds for trade swahili
  6. Axum, Ethiopia, E. African city-states
    • Axum: southeast of Nubia, trading power, christianity isolated them
    • Ethiopia: came out of Axum, protected by rugged mountains, leader claimed lineage to Solomon, kept ties to holy land, buildings tried to rival Jerusalem
    • Societies in Medieval Africa: family patterns, political patterns, religion and art & lit.
  7. West African Trade-commodities (4)
    leather, kola nuts, cotton cloth, slaves
  8. Desertification
    When people migrated out of Desert because no resources
  9. Griots
    professional storyteller in early West Africa
  10. King Ezana
    made christianity in Axum main religion
  11. Tang and Song dynasties: government, economy, achievements,
    • Tang: han system, enlarged civil service system, impacted peasants with land distribution
    • Song: After Tang overthrown in classic way, ruled by Zhao Kuang yin, not much land but longer rule, faster growing rice, paper money
  12. Culture: art, architecture, porcelain, calligraphy
    • Architecture: pagodas, influences by Indian Buddhism
    • Porcelain: perfected skill, liked to make blue
    • Calligraphy: sought balance and harmony through simple strokes and lines
    • Chinese landscape painting: sought to capture spiritual essence of nature
  13. Mongol: spread west, affect on China
    Genghis Khan untied warring tribes, nomadic, grandson conquered China, allowed chinese officials to run provinces
  14. Mongols establish Order and peace
    not oppressive leaders, silk road protected, Geghis Khan listened to everyone's point of view, called Yuan dynasty
  15. Ming Empire: restoration, economy, culture
    yuan dynasty declined after Kublai Khan's death, ways to conquer, uprising of peasants, very productive well irrigated, increased productivity, new methods of printing, first detective stories
  16. Chinese fleet (Zheng He), exploration
    sent fleets to show glory and collect tribe, huge boats, when zheng he died, banned seagoing ships because confucian scholars not interested
  17. Korea: geography, dynasties
    • Geography: north mountains, Yalu Riverm Taback mountain range, most live in west
    • Dynasties: Silla, Koryo, Chason
  18. Rise of Germanic Kingdoms
    Conquered parts of Roman Empire, included Goths, Vandals, Saxons and mostly Franks, carved Europe into separate places
  19. Muslim Empire Threatens Europe
    Battle of Tours, Christian armies led by Charles Martel, stop muslims from advancing into Europe
  20. Age of Charlemagne
    grandson of Charles Martel, unified christian kingdom, new emperor for romans, revival of learning
  21. Holy Roman Empire
    When Charlemagne helped with rebellious nobles to pope, crowned emperor of Holy Roman Empire
  22. Charlemagne’s Legacy
    christian tradition
  23. Feudalism and the Manor Economy
    • Feudalism: lord and vassal
    • Manor System: peasants gave money and crops to lord, lord gave protection and use of land farming to peasants
  24. Medieval Church
    • Daily life: sacraments, religious holidays
    • Economic power:large tracts of land, indulgences
    • Political power: papal supremacy, threat of excommunication or interdict, armies, clergy in government
  25. Role of Priest, village Church, cathedrals
    • Priest: deliver sacraments
    • Village church: social center and place of worship, stone fancier than wood
    • Cathedrals: supervised by bishops, use of new technology, monuments
  26. Church’s attitudes toward women
    church doctrine taught men and women equal under God, but on Earth, women viewed as weak and easily led to sin, needed assistance, Mary was worshipped, women usually punched more than men
  27. Monasteries and convents
    • Benedectine Rule made three things for monasteries and convents: obedience, poverty and chastity
    • acted as hospitals, took in travelers, libraries, schools
  28. Church Power
    became secular force, could give or take away sacraments, Truce of God meant peace and no fighting on Friday, Sundays or holidays
  29. Corruptions and Reforms
    • monks became wealthy
    • Abbott Berna reestablished benedictine rule
    • Gregory VII pushed for reform that limits secular power of church
    • supported by women
  30. Jews in the middle ages
    • high in muslim community
    • late 1000s, prejudice started
    • blamed jews for everything
    • Migrated to East Europe, fine until modern times
  31. Economic Recovery Sparks Change: Guild society
    guilds, new technologies in Agriculture, new trade routes, population increased, credit and unions, jews became money lenders
Card Set
Chapter 11,12,7.txt
Trading States of Africa, East Asia, Early Middle ages