Nursing Assistants Vocabulary

  1. Acute Illness
    A sudden illness from which a person is expected to recover.
  2. Assisted living residence (ALR)
    Provides housing, personal care, support services, health care, and social activities in a home-like setting to persons needing help with daily activities.
  3. Case management
    A nursing care pattern; a case manager (an RN) coordinates a person's care from admission through discharge and into the home or long-term care setting.
  4. Chronic illness
    An ongoing illness, slow or gradual in onset; it has no known cure; it can be controlled and complications prevented with proper treatment.
  5. Functional nursing
    A nursing care pattern focusing on tasks and jobs; each nursing team member has certain tasks and jobs to do.
  6. Health team
    The many health care workers whose skills and knowledge focus on the person's total care; interdisciplinary health care team.
  7. Hospice
    A health care agency or program for persons who are dying.
  8. Licensed practical nurse (LPN)
    A nurse who has completed a 1-year nursing program and has passed a licensing test; called licensed vocation nurse (LVN) in some states.
  9. Nursing assistant
    A person who has passed a nursing assistant training and competency evaluation program; performs delegated nursing tasks under the supervision of a licensed nurse.
  10. Nursing team
    Those who provide nursing care - RNs, LPNs/LVNs, and nursing assistants.
  11. Patient-focused care
    A nursing care pattern; services are moved from departments to the bedsides.
  12. Primary nursing
    A nursing care pattern; an RN is responsible for the person's total care.
  13. Registered nurse (RN)
    A nurse who has completed a 2-, 3-, or 4-year nursing program and has passed a licensing test.
  14. Team nursing
    A nursing care pattern; a team of nursing staff is led by an RN who decides the amount and kind of care each person needs.
  15. Terminal illness
    An illness or injury from which the person will not likely recover.
  16. Accountable
    Being responsible for one's actions and the actions of others who performed the delegated tasks; answering questions about and explaining one's actions and the actions of others.
  17. Delegate
    The authorize another person to perform a nursing task in a certain situation.
  18. Job description
    A document that describes what the agency expects you to do.
  19. Nursing task
    Nursing care or a nursing function, procedure, activity, or work that can be delegated to nursing assistants when it does not require an RN's professional knowledge or judgment.
  20. Responsibility
    The duty or obligation to perform some act or function.
  21. Confidentiallity
    Trusting others with personal and private information.
  22. Courtesy
    A polite, considerate, or helpful comment or act.
  23. Gossip
    To spread rumors or talk about the private matters of others.
  24. Harassment
    To trouble, torment  offend, or worry a person by one's behavior or comments.
  25. Preceptor
    A staff member who guides another staff member; mentor.
  26. Priority
    The most important thing at the time.
  27. Professionalism
    Following laws, being ethical, having good work ethics, and having the skills to do your work.
  28. Stress
    The response or change in the body caused by any emotional, physical, social or economic factor.
  29. Stressor
    The event or factor that causes stress.
  30. Teamwork
    Staff members work together as a group each person does his or her part to provide safe and effective care.
  31. Work ethics
    Behavior in the workplace.
  32. Briatrics
    The field of medicine focused on the treatment and control of obesity.
  33. Body language
    Messages sent through facial expressions, gestures, posture, hand and body movements, gait, eye contact, and appearance.
  34. Comatose
    Being unable to respond to stimuli.
  35. Culture
    The characteristics of a group of people - language, values, beliefs, habits, likes, dislikes, customs - passed from one generation to the next.
  36. Disability
    An lost, absent, or impaired physical or mental function.
  37. Esteem
    The worth, value, or opinion one has of a person.
  38. Geriatrics
    The branch of medicine concerned with the problems and diseases of old age and older persons.
  39. Holism
    A concept that considers the whole person; the whole person has physical, social, psychological, and spiritual parts that are woven together and cannot be separated.
  40. Morbid obesity
    The person weighs 100 pounds or more over his or her normal weight.
  41. Need
    Something necessary or desired for maintaining life and mental well-being.
  42. Nonverbal communication
    Communication that does not use words.
  43. Obesity
    Having an excess amount of total body fat; a person is said to be obese when his or her wight is 20% or more above what is considered normal for that person's height and age.
  44. Obstetrics
    The branch of medicine concerned with the care of women during pregnancy, labor, and childbirth and for 6 to 8 weeks after birth.
  45. Optimal level of function
    A person's highest potential for mental and physical performance.
  46. Paraphrasing
    Restating the person's message in your own words.
  47. Pediatrics
    The branch of medicine concerned with the growth, development, and care of children; they range in age from newborns to teenagers.
  48. Psychiatry
    The branch of medicine concerned with mental health problems.
  49. Religion
    Spiritual beliefs, needs, and practices.
  50. Self-actualization
    Experiencing one's potential.
  51. Self-esteem
    Thinking well of oneself and seeing oneself as useful and having value.
  52. Verbal communication
    Communication that uses written or spoken words.
  53. Apical-radial pulse
    Taking the apical and radial pulses at the same time.
  54. Blood pressure (BP)
    The amount of force exerted against the walls of an artery by the blood.
  55. Body Temperature
    The amount of heat in the body that is a balance between the amount of heat produced and the amount lost by the body.
  56. Bradycardia
    A slow (brady) heart rate (cardia); less than 60 beats per minutes.
  57. Diastole
    The period of heart muscle relaxation; the heart is at rest.
  58. Diastolic pressure
    The pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest.
  59. Fever
    Elevated body temperature.
  60. Hypertension
    When the systolic pressure is 140 mm Hg or higher (hyper), or the diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg, or the diastolic pressure is below 90 mm Hg.
  61. Hypotension
    When the systolic pressure is below (hypo) 90 mm Hg, or the diastolic pressure is below 60 mm Hg.
  62. Pulse
    The beat of the heart felt at an artery as a wave of blood passes through the artery.
  63. Pulse Defict
    The difference between the apical and radial pulse rates.
  64. Pulse Rate
    The number of heartbeats or pulses felt in 1 minute.
  65. Respiration
    Breathing air into (inhalation) and out of (exhalation) the lungs.
  66. Sphygmomanometer
    A cuff and measuring device used to measure blood pressure.
  67. Stethoscope
    An instrument used to listen to sounds produced by the heart, lungs, and other body organs.
  68. Systole
    The period of heart muscle contraction; the heart is pumping blood.
  69. Systolic pressure
    The pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts.
  70. Tachycardia
    A rapid (tachy) heart rate (cardia); more than 100 beats per minute.
  71. Thermometer
    A device used to measure (meter) temperature (thermo).
  72. Vital signs
    Temperature, pulse, respiration  and blood pressure; and pain in some agencies.
  73. Abuse
    The willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation  or punishment that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish; depriving the person (or the person's caregiver) of the goods or services needed to attain or maintain well-being.
  74. Assault
    Intentionally attempting or threatening to touch a person's body without the person's consent.
  75. Battery
    Touching a person's body without his or her consent.
  76. Boundary crossing
    A brief act or behavior outside of the helpful zone.
  77. Boundary Sign
    An act, behavior, or thought that warns of a boundary crossing or violation.
  78. Boundary violation
    An act or behavior that meets your needs, not the person's.
  79. Civil Law
    Laws concerned with relationships between people.
  80. Crime
    An act that violates a criminal law.
  81. Defamation
    Injuring a person's name and reputation by making false statements to a third person.
  82. Elder Abuse
    Any knowing, intentional, or negligent act by a caregiver or any other person to an older adult; the act causes harm or serious risk of harm.
  83. Ethics
    Knowledge of what is right conduct and wrong conduct.
  84. False Iprisonment
    Unlawful restraint or restriction of a person's freedom of movement.
  85. Fraud
    Saying or doing something to trick, fool, or deceive a person.
  86. Invasion of privacy
    Violating a person's right not to have his or her name, photo, or private affairs exposed or made public without giving consent.
  87. Law
    A rule of conduct made by a government body.
  88. Libel
    Making false statements in print, writing, or through pictures or drawings.
  89. Malpractice
    Negligence by a professional person.
  90. Neglect
    Failure to provide the person with the goods or services needed to avoid physical harm, mental anguish or mental illness.
  91. Negligence
    An unintentional wrong in which a person did not act in a reasonable and careful manner and a person or the person's property was harmed.
  92. Professional boundary
    That which separates helpful behaviors from behaviors that are not helpful.
  93. Professional sexual misconduct
    An act behavior, or comment that is sexual in nature.
  94. Protected health information
    Identifying information and information about the person's health care that is maintained or sent in any form (paper, electronic, oral).
  95. Self-neglect
    A person's behaviors and way of living that threaten his or her health, safety, and well-being.
  96. Slander
    Making false statements orally.
  97. Standard of care
    The skills, care, and judgments required by a health team member under similar condition.
  98. Tort
    A wrong committed against a person or the person's property.
  99. Vulnerable adult
    A person 18 years old or older who has a disability or condition that makes him or her at risk to be wounded, attacked, or damaged.
  100. Will
    A legal document of how person wants property distributed after death.
  101. Involuntary Seculsion
    Separating a person from others against his or her will, keeping the person to a certain area, or keeping the person away from his or her room without consent.
  102. Ombudsman
    Someone who supports or promotes the needs and interests of another person.
  103. Representative
    Any person who has the legal right to act on the resident's behalf when he or she cannot do so for himself or herself.
  104. Treatment
    The care provided to maintain or restore health, improved function, or relieve symptoms.
  105. Antiobiotic
    A drug that ills certain microbes that cause infections.
  106. Asepsis
    Being free of disease-producing microbes.
  107. Biohazardous Waste
    Items contaminated with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions; bio means life, and hazardous means dangerous or harmful.
  108. Carrier
    A human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes bud does not develop the infection.
  109. Medical Asepsis
    Practices used to remove or destroy pathogens and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; AKA clean technique.
  110. Communicable disease
    A disease caused by pathogens that spread easily; AKA a contagious disease.
  111. Contamination
    The process of destroying pathogens.
  112. Disinfection
    The process of destroying pathogens.
  113. Healthcare-associated infection (HAI)
    An infection that develops in a person cared for in any setting where health care is given; the infection is related to receiving health care.
  114. Immunity
    Protection against a certain disease.
  115. Infection
    A disease state resulting from the invasion and growth of microbes in the body.
  116. Infection control
    Practices and procedures that prevent the spread of infection.
  117. Microorganism
    A small (micro) living thing (organism) seen only with microscope; AKA a microbe.
  118. Non-pathogen
    A microbe that does not usually cause an infection.
  119. Non-pathogen
    A microbe that does not usually cause an infection.
  120. Normal Flora
    Microbes that live and grow in a certain are.
  121. Pathogen
    Microbes that is harmful and an cause an infection.
  122. Reservoir
    The environment in which a microbe lives and grows; host.
  123. Spore
    A bacterium protected by a hard shell.
  124. Sterile
    The absence of all microbes.
  125. Sterile field
    A work are free of all pathogens and non-pathogens (including spores).
  126. Surgical asepsis
    The practices that keep items free of all microbes; AKA sterile technique.
  127. Sterilization
    The process of destroying all microbes.
  128. Vaccination
    Giving a vaccine to produce immunity against an infectious disease.
  129. Vaccine
    A preparation containing dead or weakened microbes.
  130. Vector
    A carrier (animals, insect) that transmits disease.
  131. Vehicle
    Any substance that transmits microbes.
  132. Cotton Drawsheet
    A drawsheet made of cotton; it helps keep the mattress and bottom linens clean.
  133. Drawsheet
    A small sheet placed over the middle of the bottom sheet.
  134. Waterproof drawsheet
    A drawsheet made of plastic, rubber, or absorbent material used to protect the mattress and bottom linens from dampness and soiling.
  135. Fowler's position
    A semi-siting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees.
  136. Full Visual Privacy
    Having the means to be completely free from public view while in bed.
  137. High-Fowler's position
    A semi-setting position; the head of the bed is raised 60 to 90 degrees.
  138. Reverse Trendelenburg's position
    The head of the bed is raised and the food of the bed is lowered.
  139. Semi-Fowler's position
    The head o the bed is raised 30 degrees; or the head of the bed is raised 30 degrees and the knee portion is raised 15 degrees.
  140. Trendelenburg's position
    The head o the bed is lowered and the food of the bed is raised.
  141. Assessment
    Collecting information about the person; a step in the nursing process.
  142. Evaluation
    To measure if goals in the planing step were met; a step in the nursing process.
  143. Goal
    That which is desired for or by a person as a result of nursing care.
  144. Implementation
    To perform or carry out nursing measures in the care plan; a step in the nursing process.
  145. Medical Diagnosis
    The identification of a disease or condition by a doctor.
  146. Nursing care plan
    A written guide about the person's nursing care; care plan.
  147. Nursing Diagnosis
    Describes a health problem that can be treated by nursing measures; a step in the nursing process.
  148. Nursing intervention
    An action or measure taken by nursing team to help the person reach a goal.
  149. Nursing process
    The method nurses used to plan and deliver nursing are; its five steps are assessment  nursing diagnosis, planing, implementation, and evaluation.
  150. Objective data
    Information that is seen, heard, felt, or smelled by an observer; AKA signs.
  151. Observation
    Using the sense of sight, hearing, touch, and smell to collect information.
  152. Planning
    Setting priorities and goals; a step in the nursing process.
  153. Subjective data
    Things a person tells you about that you cannot observe through your senses; AKA symptoms.
  154. Abbreviation
    A shortened form of a word or phrase.
  155. Anterior
    At or toward the front of the body or body part, AKA ventral.
  156. Medical Record
    A written or electronic account of a person's condition and response to treatment and care; AKA chart or clinical record.
  157. Communication
    The exchange of information - a message sent is received and correctly interpreted by the intended person.
  158. Conflict
    A clash between opposing interests or ideas.
  159. Distal
    The part farthest from the center or from the point of attachment.
  160. Posterior
    At or toward the back of the body or body part; AKA dorsal.
  161. End-of-shift report
    A report that the nurse gives at the end of the shift to the on-coming shift.
  162. Kardex
    A type of card file that summarizes information found in the medical record - drugs, treatments, diagnoses, routine care measures, equipment, and special needs.
  163. Lateral
    Away from the mid-line; at the side of the body or body part.
  164. Medial
    At or near the middle or mid-line of the body or body part.
  165. Prefix
    A word element placed before a root; it changes the meaning of the word.
  166. Progress note
    Describes the care given and the person's response and progress.
  167. Proximal
    The part nearest to the center or to the point of origin.
  168. Recording
    The oral account of care and observations.
  169. Reporting
    The oral account of care and observations.
  170. Root
    A word element containing the basic meaning of the word.
  171. Suffix
    A word element placed after a root; it changes the meaning of the word.
  172. Word elemtn
    A part of a word.
Card Set
Nursing Assistants Vocabulary
Nursing Assistants Vocabulary