Psych ch 4

  1. What term is used to designate ouf personal awareness of feelings, sensations, and thoughts?
  2. Daydreaming, meditation, intoxication, sleep, and hypnosis are all types of                 .
    Altered states of consciousness
  3. What aspect of circadian rhythms might explain why we tend to feel so tired at night?
    There is an organ in the brain sensitive to light changes, which then affects our sleepiness.
  4. Where is the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) located?
  5. Melatonin is a                            .
  6. According to this theory, sleep is neccessary for growth and repair of the body.
    Restorative theory
  7. REM sleep refers to                   .
    sleep periods where person has rapid eye movement
  8. What brain waves would you observe as the person becomes drowsy and then enters the first stage of sleep?
    alpha eventually replaced by theta
  9. Periods of REM sleep alternate with non-REM sleep in a cycle that recurs about every            minutes or so. 
  10. Stage 4 sleep is marked by            waves.
  11. John will likely experience REM rebound tonight if he:
    did not sleep much last night.
  12. Sleepwalking occurs                   .
    primarily during NREM Stage 4 sleep
  13. What is serious sleep apnea?
    The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.
  14. Your friend has excessive daytime sleepiness, he is laughing one minute and suddenly falls to the ground. What might this be?
  15. Freud believed that dreams                      .
    stem from unconscious conflicts, memories, and desires
  16. Manifest content is to latent content as                       .
    obvious is to symbolic
  17. How does the activation-synthesis hypothesis explain dreaming?
    The cortex making sense of signals from the brain stem
  18. The activation-information-mode model suggests                       .
    events that occur during waking hours may influence dreams
  19. How does Ernest Hilgard explain hypnosis?
    Hypnotized people dissociate the conscious mind into an "immediate" part and a "hidden observer" part
  20. What is the best description of the social-cognitive perspective of hypnosis?
    People play the role of a hypnotized person; it is NOT an altered state of consciousness.
  21. Psychoactive drugs are                        .
    drugs capable of influencing thinking, perception, and memory.
  22. The two most important symptoms of substance dependence are:
    tolerance and withdrawal
  23. When an addicts supply diminishes, they feel nervous and anxious and began looking for more. This is an example of                   .
    psychological dependence
  24. Drugs derived from opium are called                 .
  25. A circadian cycle is about                 hours long/
Card Set
Psych ch 4
Psychology midterm review on ch 4