Unit 1 -3 Vocab& Definitions

  1. Approbation
    (n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval or sanction
  2. Assuage
    (v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
  3. Coalition
    (n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose
  4. Decadence
    (n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence
  5. Elicit
    (v.) to draw forth, bring out some source
  6. Expostulate
    (v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
  7. Hackneyed
    (adj.) used so often as to lack freshness ororinginality
  8. Hiatus
    (n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)
  9. Innuendo
    (n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
  10. Intercede
    (v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement
  11. Jaded
    (adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)
  12. Lurid
    (adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack o restraint
  13. Meritorious
    (adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise
  14. Petulant
    (adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
  15. Prerogetive
    (n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
  16. Provincial
    • (adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside 
    • (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony
  17. Simulate
    (v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of
  18. Transcend
    (v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed
  19. Umbrage
    (n.) foliage giving shade; shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence of power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
  20. Unctuous
    (adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
  21. Ameliorate
    (v.) to improve, make better, correct a flow or shortcoming
  22. Aplomb
    (n.) poise, assurance, great self confidence; perpendicularity
  23. Bombastic
    (adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
  24. Callow
    (adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
  25. Drivel
    • (n.) saliva or mucous flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense
    • (v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
  26. Epitome
    (n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality
  27. Exhort
    (v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly
  28. Ex officio
    (adj., adv.) by virtue of holding a certain office
  29. Infringe
    (v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
  30. Ingratiate
    (v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)
  31. Interloper
    (n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
  32. Intrinsic
    (adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; origination in bodily organ or part
  33. Inveigh
    (v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval
  34. Lassitude
    (n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
  35. Millennium
    (n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy
  36. Occult
    • (adj.) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means
    • (v.) to hide, conceal; eclipse
    • (n.) matters involving the supernatural
  37. Permeate
    (v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through
  38. Precipitate
    • (v.) to fall as moisture; to cause or bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to
    • (adj.) characterized by excessive haste
    • (n.) moisture; the product of an action or process
  39. Stringent
    (adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste
  40. Surmise
    • (v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess
    • (n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof
  41. Abominate
    (v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for
  42. Acculturation
    (n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
  43. Adventitious
    (adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; acquired not congenital
  44. Ascribe
    (v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute
  45. Circuitous
    (adj.) roundabout, not direct
  46. Commemiserate
    (v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress
  47. Enjoin
    (v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit
  48. Expedite
    (v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster
  49. Expiate
    (v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert
  50. Ferment
    • (n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence
    • (v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action
  51. Inadvertent
    (adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention
  52. Nominal
    (adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
  53. Noncommittal
    (adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no
  54. Pelculate
    (v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use
  55. Proclivity
    (n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
  56. Sangfroid
    (n.) a composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
  57. Seditious
    (adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing and established government
  58. Tenuous
    (adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis
  59. Vitriolic
    (adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
  60. Wheedle
    (v.) To use coaxing or flattery to fain some desired end
Card Set
Unit 1 -3 Vocab& Definitions
Unit 1-3 from the Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level F