Chapter 1 Lecture

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  1. axial
    the head, neck, and trunk
  2. appendicular
    upper and lower limbs (appendages)
  3. cranial cavity
    houses the brain
  4. vertebral canal
    contains the spinal cord within the sections of the vertebrae
  5. thoracic cavity
    chest cavity. houses heart, lungs.
  6. abdominopelvic cavity
    abdominal and pelvic cavity
  7. viscera
    organs within the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity
  8. diaphragm
    broad, thin skeletal (voluntary) muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.
  9. Mediastinum
    Region that separates the thoracic cavity into two compartments, which contain the right and left lungs. The remaining thoracic viscera-heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus are located within the mediastinum.
  10. abdominal cavity includes:
    stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and most of the small and large intestines.
  11. pelvic cavity
    portion of the abdominopelvic cavity enclosed by the hip bones.
  12. pelvic cavity contains:
    It contains the terminal portion of the large intestine, the urinary bladder, and the internal reproductive organs.
  13. oral cavity
    contains teeth and tongue
  14. nasal cavity
    located within the nose and divided into right and left portions by a nasal septum
  15. cavities within the head
    • cranial
    • oral
    • nasal
    • orbital
    • middle ear cavities
  16. orbital cavities
    containing the eyes and associated skeletal muscles and nerves
  17. middle ear cavities
    containing the middle ear bones
  18. parietal pleura membrane
    membranes that lines the wall of a cavity
  19. visceral pleura membrane
    refers to the membrane that covers an internal organ, such as a lung.
  20. pleural membranes
    • line the wall of the right and left lung compartments.
    • parietal pleura and visceral pleura
    • they are separated by a thin film of watery fluid (serous fluid) which they secrete
  21. pericardial membrane
    membrane that surrounds the heart
  22. peritoneal membrane
    membranes that line the abdominopelvic cavity
  23. types of membranes
    • pericardial (heart)
    • parietal (lungs)
    • peritoneal (abdominopelvic organs)
  24. anatomical position
    body is standing erect, face forward, with the upper limbs at the sides and palms forward.
  25. superior
  26. inferior
  27. anterior
  28. posterior
    back, dorsal
  29. medial
    imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left sides
  30. lateral
    the sides
  31. bilaterial
    • refers to paired structures
    • the lungs are bilateral
  32. ipsilateral
    refers to structures on the same side

    the right lung and the right kidney are ipsilateral
  33. contralateral
    • structures on the opposite side
    • ..bear weight on the contralateral left lower limb.
  34. proximal
    closer to
  35. distal
    farther from
  36. superficial
    situated near the surface
  37. deep
    more internal than superficial
  38. body sections
    • sagittal
    • transverse
    • frontal
  39. epigastric region
    upper middle portion
  40. right and left hypochondriac regions
    each side of the epigastric region
  41. umbilical region
    middle portion
  42. right and left lumbar regions
    lie on each side of the umbilical region
  43. hypogastric region
    lower middle portion
  44. right and left iliac regions
    lie on each side of the hypogastric region
  45. abdominal
    region between the thorax and pelvis
  46. acromial
    the point of the shoulder
  47. antebranchial
    the forearm
  48. antecubital
    the space in front of the elbow
  49. axillary
  50. brachial
    the arm
  51. buccal
    the cheek
  52. carpal
  53. celiac
    the abdomen
  54. cephalic
    the head
  55. cervical
    the neck
  56. costal
    the ribs
  57. coxal
    the hip
  58. crural
    the leg
  59. cubital
    the elbow
  60. digital
    the finger or toe
  61. dorsal
    the back
  62. femoral
    the thigh
  63. frontal
    the forehead
  64. genital
    reproductive organs
  65. gluteal
    the buttocks
  66. inguinal
    the groin
  67. lumbar
    the region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis
  68. mammary
    the breast
  69. mental
  70. nasal
  71. occipital
    the lower posterior region of the head
  72. oral
    the mouth
  73. orbital
    the bony socket of the eye
  74. palmar
    the palm of the head
  75. patellar
    the front of the knee
  76. pectoral
    the chest
  77. pedal
    the food
  78. pelvic
  79. perineal
    the perineum. region between anus and reproductive organs
  80. plantar
    the sole of the foot
  81. popliteal
    the area behind the knee
  82. sacral
    the posterior region between the hip bones
  83. sternal
    the middle of the thorax, anteriorly.
  84. sural
    the calf of the leg
  85. tarsal
    the instep of the foot
  86. umbilical
    the navel
  87. vertebral
    the spinal column
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Chapter 1 Lecture
Chapter 1
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