1. What document was the forerunner of the written constitution in America?
    The Mayflower Compact
  2. What did charters do?
    Emphasized the relationship between the king and the colonies.
  3. Why was the Mayflower Compact important?
    It established a civil relationship among the Pilgrims
  4. What document was America's first national constitution?
    The Articles of Confederation
  5. What year did The Articles of Confederation go in effect?
    March 1st, 1781
  6. What type of powers does the government of a confederacy have?
    In a confederacy,the central government is subordinate to state governments and has only the powers which they grant it.
  7. What did the Land Ordinance of 1785 do?
    It provided for the surveying of western lands in the Northwest Territory and the orderly sale of the land to settlers.
  8. What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 do?
    Provided a plan of government for the territory.
  9. What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
    • (1) at least nine states had to approve any measure before it could pass.
    • (2)The Articles provided for no executive or judicial branches of government
    • (3) The Articles did not grant Congress the power to tax
  10. Who were the two most famous Americans to attend the Constitutional Convention?
    George Washington and Benjamin Franklin
  11. Who is the "Father of the Constitution" ?
    James Madison
  12. What did the Three-Fifths Compromise do, and what was it about?
    the southern states debated whether or not to count their slaves as part of the population, so they compromised with this law that three-fifths of the states slave population would be counted.
  13. What were the people who wanted the new Constitution adopted called?
  14. The people who did not want the new Constitution were called what?
  15. What city did Congress choose as the temporary capital of the new government?
    New York City
  16. When were the first federal elections held? And who was the first President?

    George Washington
  17. What was the purpose of the meeting at Mount Vernon?
    to discuss the common problems of commerce and navigation
  18. What are the six purposes for the Constitution?
    1. To form a more perfect union

Card Set
Govermment chapters 4, 5