Religion Final

  1. We Are One
    John 17:22
    And I have given them the glory you gave me, so that they may be one, as we are one
  2. Relationship between God and the human authors
    • Doesn't remove human limitations.
    • God supplies a Spirit that is a living and ongoing interpretation.
  3. Historical-Critical Method
    4 questions. (#2 has 5 parts)
    • 1. What kind of literature?
    • 2. When was it written? Where? To whom? By whom? Why?
    • 3. What sources used?
    • 4. What message did the author intend to convey?
  4. 4 major groups within ancient Judaism
    • Pharisees
    • Sadducces
    • Essenes
    • Zealots
  5. Pharisees (the "separate ones") (x2)
    • Faithful to the Law, but the Law is not always explicit.
    • Open to interpretation.
  6. Sadducces (the "righteous ones") (x2)
    • Strict interpretation of the Torah.
    • Did not subscribe to the oral law.
  7. Essenes ("pious") (x2)
    • Not mentioned in the NT, but we know the most about them.
    • Discovered/created the Dead sea scrolls.
  8. Zealots (the 4th Philosophy) (x3)
    • Extremists.
    • Militant zeal.
    • Violent resistance to Roman occupation.
  9. The Jews living in Judea tended to be __ and __.
    orthodox and nationalistic
  10. At Jesus's time, which was the most influential sect within Judaism?

    A. Pharisees
  11. Members of this sect believed only what was in the Torah, but were also some of the wealthiest and most powerful Jews of Jesus' day.

    A. Sadducees
  12. This extremely devout Jewish sect withdrew themselves from society and lived a monastic lifestyle in the desert. Produced Dead Sea Scrolls.

    A. Essenes
  13. Exegesis
    The critical interpretation of Scripture
  14. Ecclesial
    Anything referring or having to do with the Church
  15. Pentecost
    • The outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples 50 days after the resurrection.
    • The "birthday" of the Church.
  16. Liturgy (2 examples)
    • The official worship of the Church
    • 1. the Mass    2. The Divine Office
  17. Divine Relation
    God showing himself to us through his Son and through words.
  18. Sacred Tradition
    Those parts of Divine Revelation that were/are passed on orally.
  19. Sacred Scripture
    Those parts of Divine Revelation that were eventually written down.
  20. What helped to form the structure of Judaism at the time of Jesus? (x3)
    • 1. Messianic hopes
    • 2. The Temple
    • 3. The covenant
  21. If Samaria had once been the northern capital of Israel, then why were Samaritans despised by other Jews?
    they had intermarried a pagan enemy
  22. Why was the northern most region of Israel given the name Galilee?
    It was surrounded by Gentile lands
  23. True or False:
    Christian Communities first developed in Roman cities outside of Israel
  24. The the fundamental beliefs and teachings of the Bible are without error is called ___
    Biblical Inerrancy
  25. True or False:
    Understanding the literary form used by a Biblical author can help us to better understand the author's intention
  26. 2 Source (Q) Theory (6 point explanation)
    MK      "Q"?

    MT       LK
    • 1. MT, MK, LK are similar (synoptic)
    • 2. MK was written 15-20 years before MT+LK
    • 3. MT+LK must have used MK as a source
    • 4. MT+LK also share material not in MK
    • 5. MT+LK were written at about the same time
    • 6. Must have been a 2nd source used by MT+LK
  27. 3 Stages of NT/Church Development
    • Stage 1: Life Stage + Teaching of Jesus
    • Stage 2: Oral Stage- teaching of the Apostles, eye witnesses
    • Stage 3: Written Stage- transfer of Jesus teaching to writing
  28. Blessed are the poor in spirit, 
    for theirs is the kingdom of heaven
  29. Blessed are those who mourn,
    for they will be comforted
  30. Blessed are the meek,
    for they will inherit the earth
  31. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
    for they will be filled
  32. Blessed are the merciful,
    for they will receive mercy
  33. Blessed are the pure in heart,
    for they will see God
  34. Blessed are the peacemakers,
    for they will be called children of God
  35. Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness sake,
    for theirs is the kingdom of heaven
  36. 4 Levels of Exegesis
    • 1. Background
    • 2. Source Criticism
    • 3. Literary Criticism
    • 4. Interpretation + Application
  37. Background (part of exegesis)
    Authorship, date, language, location, purpose, audience, motive, ect.
  38. Source Criticism (part of exegesis)
    • Examination of the authors sources.
    • "Proof" that makes it more than a personal opinion.
    • Connects old with new.
  39. Literary Criticism (part of exegesis)
    • Recognition of Scriptual Genres.
    • Word choice and usage.
  40. Interpretation + Application (part of exegesis)
    Understanding the word and living the word out in our lives today.
  41. 3 Exegetical Sources
    • 1. Concordance
    • 2. Bible Dictionary
    • 3. Biblical Commentaries
  42. Concordance (part of sources)
    Tells what words are used, where, and how many times. Always a single-word cross referencing.
  43. Bible Dictionary (part of sources)
    Provides specific biblical meaning and significance of words, esp. those that may differ from everyday usage.
  44. Biblical Commentaries (part of sources)
    Provides detailed exegesis and explanations of entire passages- organized like Bible.
  45. 4 Gospels. Two distinct traditions.
    Synoptic Gospels: explanation of ___
    John's Gospel: explanation of ___
    • Synoptic: Jesus' Teachings
    • John: Jesus Himself
  46. Gospel of Matthew:
    Author? Date written? Audience? Images of Jesus?
    • Author: Unknown. Probably 2nd generation Jewish Christian (of Palestinian origin)
    • Date: 70-85
    • Audience: Jewish Christians
    • Images: Teaching Savior
  47. Gospel of Mark:
    Author? Date written? Audience? Images of Jesus?
    • Author: Disciple of Peter. Probably John Mark.
    • Date: 65-70
    • Audience: Gentile Christians
    • Images: Suffering Messiah
  48. Gospel of Luke:
    Author? Date written? Audience? Images of Jesus?
    • Author: Companion of Paul. Only Gentile.
    • Date:  70-85
    • Audience: Christians of Greek background (Gentiles)
    • Images: Compassionate Savior
  49. Gospel of John:
    Author? Date written? Audience? Images of Jesus?
    • Author: Disciple of the Apostle John
    • Date: 90-100
    • Audience: Christians of all backgrounds
    • Images: Life-giving divine Savior
Card Set
Religion Final
Semester 1