EMT-B-ch 2

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  1. contamination
    introduction of dangerous chemicals , disease or infectious materials
  2. critical incident stress management (CISM)
    comprehensive system that includes education and resources to both prevent stress and to deal with stress appropriately when it occurs
  3. decontamination
    removal or cleansing of dangerous chemicals and other dangerous or infectious materials
  4. hazard material incident
    release of harmful substance into the enviroment
  5. multiple casualty incident (MCI)
    emergency involving multiple patients
  6. pathogens
    organisms that cause infection such as viruses and bacteria
  7. personal protective equipment (PPE)
    equipment that protects the EMS worker from infection and or exposure to the dangers of the rescue operation
  8. standard precautions or BSI
    • strict form of infection control that is based on the assumption that all blood and other body fluids are infectious
    • BSI -body substance isolation
  9. stress
    state of physical and or psychological asousal to a stimulus
  10. bloodborne pathogen
    contracted by exposure to patients blood and some other body fluids.
  11. airborne pathogen
    spread by tiny droplets sprayed during breathing, coughing, or sneezing. particles can be absorbed when you inhale or through eyes, mouth or nose
  12. what type of mask is worn if you suspect TB?
    N95 or high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirator
  13. what are the 4 main diseases of concern?
    HIV/Aids, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, tuberculosis
  14. Hepatitis
    • an infection that causes inflammation of the liver.
    • Hep A- acquired by food or water that was in contact with feces.
    • Hep B&C - acquired by blood or other body fluids
  15. tuberculosis
    • infection that sometimes settles in the lungs and that in some cases can be fatal.
    • Highly contagious, spreads through the air
  16. AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome
    set of conditions that results when the immune system has been attacked by HIV and rendered unable to combat certain infections adequately.
  17. eustress
    positive form of stress
  18. distress
    negative form of stress
  19. 5 stages of grief
    • 1) denial
    • 2) anger
    • 3) bargaining
    • 4) depression
    • 5) acceptance
Card Set
EMT-B-ch 2
glossary chapter 2 edition 12
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