an iterative planning methodology that integrates the activities of the commander, staff, subordinate headquarters, and other partners to understand the situation and mission; develop and compare courses of action; decide on a course of action that best accomplishes the mission; and produce an operation plan or order for execution
Why is MDMP important to the planning process?
MDMP facilitates Collaborative and parallel planning?
During planning, an assessment focuses on developing an understanding of the current situation and determining what to assess and also how to assess progress. How do we measure that progress?
Measure of effectiveness
Measure of Performance
What are some key trends throughout the MDMP process?
Running Estimates and Updating Assumptions
What are Running Estimates?
the continuous assessment of the current situation used to determine if the current operation is proceeding according to the commander’s intent and if planned future operations are supportable
What are some considerations for Running Estimates?
Friendly force status.
Enemy activities and capabilities.
Conclusions and recommendations
Who are the most important participants within the MDMP process? Why?
The Commander, because of experience, knowledge, judgement and they are overall responsible.
During MDMP, the Commanders utilize a Design that focus their activities on ________, ________, and ________ the situation.
A Successful Staff Officer will have what 9 characteristics?
What are the 7 steps of MDMP?
How many substeps are in each?
Receipt of Mission (6)
Mission Analysis (19)
COA Development (8)
COA Analysis (8)
COA Comparison (3)
What are some input(s) for Receipt of Mission during MDMP?
Higher HQs plan or order
What are some output(s) during Receipt of Mission for MDMP?
CMDRs initial guidance
Initial time allocation
During the 2nd substep of receipt of mission "gather tools" what tools are included?
OPLAN and OPORD
What are some Targeting Officers responsibilities during MDMP?
Update Fire Running Estimates
Review higher HQs order
Present future and current targeting cycles
Gather tools (TSS, AGM, TSM, HPTL)
Work with BDE FSO
When conducting initial Assesment, what are you assessing? What is the rule for assessing?
2/3 for subordinates to plan and prepare and 1/3 for CMDR and staff to plan and prepare
What is included within the 1st WARNO?
Types of Operation
Location of Operation
Initial movement and ISR directives
During "Mission Analysis" the CMDR _______, ________, and _________information to orient themselves on the current conditions of the operational environment.
Gather, analyze, and synthesize
What is the most important step in MDMP?
What are some input(s) for Mission Analysis during MDMP?
HQs plan or order
Higher HQs IPB
Updated Staff estimates
Initial CMDR guidance
What are two types of criteria in Mission Analysis?
Screening and Evaluation
What are the 4 steps to IPB?
Define the OE
Describe the enviromental effects on the operations
Evaluate the threat
Determines the threat COAs
What is IPB?
systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and operational environment in a specific geographic area.
What is a specified task?
task specifically assigned to a unit by its higher headquarters and is written in the Order
What is an implied task?
task that must be performed to accomplish a specified task or mission but is not stated in the higher headquarters’ order
What is an essential task?
specified or implied task that must be executed to accomplish the mission
When determining "Constraints", where can you find the constraints?
Para 3 of the OPLAN or OPORD
Memorandums (Tactical Directives)
What is Constraint?
constraint is a restriction placed on the command by a higher command which dictates an action or inaction
What is a Fact?
Statement of truth or statement thought to be true which are conserning operational and mission variables
What is an assumption?
a supposition on current situation or presupposition on future course of events
What are two types of risk within Composite Risk Mangement?
Tactical Risk- created from the enemy
Accidental Risk- which is from all others, friendly, civilians, and enviroment
What two requirement make up the CCIR?
PIR and FFIR
Although EEFIs are not CCIRs, they have the ________ priority as CCIRs and require approval by the commander.
What type of CCIR is needed for planning?
What type of CCIR is needed for making decision during preparation and execution?
Post COA CCIR
During substep 12 "Develop initial themes and messages", What is the difference between themes and messages?
Themes are overarching and tie into objecticves and lines of operations and messages support the theme focus on specific actor in support of specific task
What is a problem statement?
a statement of the problem to be solved and requires CMDRs approval
What is a mission statement?
A short sentence or paragraph that describes the organization essential task and purpose.
It ask Who, What, When, Where, Why
What is a Tactical Mission Task?
a specific activity performed by a unit while executing a form of tactical operation
When presenting the Mission Analysis Brief, how does it help the commander?
informs him of the results of the analysis of the situation
helps him understand, visualize and describe the OPS
present a summary of the running estimates
When developing and issuing the initial CMDR intent, decribe what the intent should look like?
3-5 sentences, clear and easily understood two echelons down
What two things does initial planning guidance outline?
Specific COAs focus for the staff
What type of criteria is developed during mission analysis?
What is the last substep within Mission Analysis?
Issue 2nd WARNO
How do TGT Officers support Mission Analysis?
Update Running Estimates
Identify initial ATO requirements
What is a COA?
a broad potential solution to an identified problem
Planners examine and or measure each prospective COA for validity using what type of criteria?
Describe FASDC within COA Development
Feasibility- COA can accomplish the mission within time space and resources
Acceptable-COA must balance risk with advantage gained
Suitable- Is it within the CMDRs intent and planning guidance
Distinguishable- Each COA differ significantly
Complete-COA nust incorporate decisive, shaping, and sustaining operations
When determining combat power, we analysis the forces ratio ________, __________, and _________ for both friendly and enemy.
The staff generates options based on what two things?
Combat power assessment
What is the preferred technique for generating options?
When generating options, the staff starts with which operations ________,
then __________ operations,
then __________ operations.
Arrayal forces starting with the ________ operation and continuing with all _______ and ________ operations.
decisive operation, and continue with all shaping and sustaining operations
What is Array forces?
determining the relative combat power required to accomplish each task.
Planners may use both _______ and _______ to build their broad concept.
lines of operations and lines of effort
What summarizes the contribution of all warfighting function and is expressed how?
narrative and graphics
The statement and sketchs within the COA Development covers what?
Who - (task org)
when, where, why- (purpose)
During the COA analysis, what are you war-gaming
What are the two forms of war-gaming?
Modern- Computer based
What are the role playing methods during war-gaming?
action, reaction, and counteraction
What are some war-gaming rules to consider?
Record advantages and disadvantages
Continually assess FASDC
Avoid drawing premature conclusion
Avoid comparing one COA with another
What is the critical input with COA analysis?
Statement and Sketches
How many paragraphs are with the OPORD?
What are they?
Situation, Mission, Execution, Sustainment, Command and Signal
What are 4 attachments with the OPORD?
Annex, Appendix, Tabs, Exhibits
During orders production, the COA statement becomes What?
The COA sketch becomes?
Conceot of Operations
A Fire support Task format is comprised of what 4 elements?
A Field Artillery Task format is comprised of what 4 elements?
How many phases are with in the Consept of Operations?
Attack Guidance/# of iterations
Inductive reasoning is more accurate than Deductive Reasoning?
What are the 3 types problems?
What are the 7 steps to problem Solving
Identify the problem.
Generate possible solutions.
Analyze possible solutions.
Compare possible solutions.
Make and implement the decision.
While conducting problem solving, opinions can not be discounted?