1. What is the overall purpose of restraint?
    to minimize the response of the animal
  2. What are the three goals of restraint?
    • prevent injury to humans
    • prevent injury to the animal
    • accomplish task
  3. What do we need to do in order to accomplish the goals of restraint?
    • neutralize the animals weapons
    • monitor the animals behavior and vital signs
    • utilize restraint devices appropriately
    • be prepared for the task which you intend to accomplish
    • pay attention and be aware of your surroundings
  4. Why do we need to monitor the large animals vital signs when restraining them?
    they can easily stress themselves to death
  5. Are all the different species of large animals predictable? 
    no, they vary between species
  6. Is it easier to move groups of animals into a confined location or separate them individually?
    easier to move them in groups
  7. Do bovine like change?
    no, it usually scares them
  8. Are bovine herd oriented?
  9. Do bovine move towards people or away from people?
    away from people
  10. Why should we avoid having right angles in bovine facilities?
    bovine will get stuck in the corners when trying to get away and it is hard to get them out
  11. What do bovine usually do in a confined space?
    move towards the light
  12. Are bovine aggressive?
    yes it is common
  13. Which types of bovine are the most aggressive?
    • beef cows nursing calves
    • dairy bulls
  14. What are some things that bovine will do to protect themselves?
    • gore
    • press
    • kick (cow kick or kick forward with back legs)
  15. What is the best way to get cattle to move?
    use THEIR senses
  16. What are some devices we can use to help get bovine to move?
    • sticks
    • slappers
    • paddles
    • hot shot
    • tail twist
  17. What are the different restraint aids used for cattle?
    • halter
    • nose tongs
    • ropes and lariats
  18. What are nose tongs used for?  Which types of cattle do we NOT use nose tongs on?  What can be used as a temporary nose tong?
    • head restraint
    • dairy cattle
    • fingers
  19. What is the single most important piece of equipment when working with cattle?
    head catch
  20. What should we have leading up to the head catch first?
    a runway or chute
  21. What can happen to a bovine if we squeeze them too tight in a squeeze chute?
    causes them to lay down - "choke down"
  22. How do we use a squeeze chute?
    catch head first and then squeeze
  23. What kind of restraint aids can we use to deter a cow from kicking?
    • tail jack
    • hobbles or tom fool knot
    • kow kant kick
    • rope tightened around abdomen just in front of tuber coxae
  24. Whats another term for casting cattle?
    reefing cattle
  25. What are the different types of casting cattle techniques?
    • running W or burley
    • squeeze or double half hitch
  26. Describe a running W.
    • longer rope needed
    • no loop created around the neck
    • usually avoids pressure on the trachea, penis, udder and milk veins
    • two ropes exiting animal between the legs
  27. Describe a double half hitch.
    • loop around the neck or brisket
    • one rope exiting the animal and the easiest technique if pulling with one person
  28. What is a tilt table commonly used for in bovine?
    foot work or surgery
  29. Do swine like to chew on things?
  30. Do swine easily overheat?
  31. Do swine usually run under things or jump over things?
    run under things
  32. What is the easiest way to restrain a small pig?
    can be held upside down by ropes around the hind limbs or between the holder's legs
  33. What are some ways to restrain large pigs?
    • move with pig boards 
    • hog tongs behind the head
    • hog snare around maxilla
    • bucket on head moves them backwards
    • restraint chutes
  34. What are some ways to restrain a goat?
    • horns can be grabbed like handles
    • collars can be used as handles
    • milking platform
    • halter
    • restraint chutes
  35. Which is the easiest food animal to restrain?
  36. What are some ways to restrain sheep?
    • crowding
    • restraint chute
    • halter
    • catch around the neck with one arm and around the rear or tail base with the other
    • throwing sheep
  37. Do horses frighten easily?
    yes, because they are prey species
  38. Can horses see with both eyes at the same time?
    no, can only use one eye at a time
  39. How should we approach a horse?
    • from the left or "near" side (never directly from the front or back)
    • calm yet deliberate movements
    • firm voice and firm hand
    • initial contact either at withers 
  40. What are some different types of halters for horses?
    • rope
    • nylon
    • leather
    • breakaway
    • temporary
  41. What are some different types of leads?
    • rope
    • leather
    • chain shank
  42. What might a horse do to defend itself?
    • bite
    • strike
    • press 
    • kick (usually straight back)
  43. Should we always keep contact with the horse when we are moving around it?
    yes, always keep your hand on the horse so that it does not startle the horse
  44. How should we walk behind a horse?
    walk behind either near or far (zero or eight feet) not in between
  45. Where should the handler be while the vet is working on the horse?
    on the same side as the vet
  46. How should we tie up a horse?
    • use a halter or quick release tie
    • tie at head level
    • tie short
    • never leave unattended
  47. What is the purpose of twitching a horse?
    • offers a distraction or counter stimulus to stimulus elsewhere
    • releases "endorphins"
  48. How long is twitching a horse effective?
    only effective for 15 minutes max but usually only lasts 5 - 10 minutes
  49. What is the purpose of stocks for horses?
    neutralizes the most damaging weapon
  50. What is the purpose of lifting a foot or leg of a horse?
    • helps to neutralize kicking
    • pick up the leg on the same side we are working on
  51. How do we catch a foal?
    one arm in front of the chest, the other around rump or hand holding tail
Card Set
Large Animal