Political theory on how to get power; used Greek and Roman examples
humans as center of art
European style family
late marriage age; emphasis on nuclear families; goal was to limit birth rates.
German; invented movable type in Europe
Christian but not Catholic
set up by Henry VIII; initially created to challenge Catholic attempts to enforce his first marriage which failed to produce a male heir.
French; Calvanism insisted on God's prior determination of who would be saved
An event in which Catholic church councils reestablished the Catholic doctrine in a church.
religious order in Europe; active in politics, education, and missionary work; sponsored Catholic missionary activity
Edict of Nantes
1598; ended disputes between Calvanists and Catholics; granted tolerance to Protestants
Thirty Years' War
1618; religious war in Germany between Protestants and the Holy Roman Emperor
Treaty of Westphalia
1648; ended the Thirty Years' War
English Civil War
1640's; religious war in England; ended with limited toleration to some Protestant faiths, but none to Catholics.
people without access to wealth-producing property
17th c.; time in Europe when many new scientific discoveries and political forms developed
Polish monk; discovered that the planets moved around the sun
Italian; added to Copernicus' discoveries; laws of gravity and planetary motion
John (William?) Harvey
English physician; demonstrated circular movement of blood in animals and the function of the heart as a pump
established importance of skeptical review of all received wisdom; argues that human reason could then develop laws that would explain the fundamental workings of nature.
English scientist; wrote Principia; established principles of motion; defined forces of gravity; drew many astronomical theories and observations together in a neat framework of natural laws
English philosopher; argued... that people could learn anything through science and reason, that the power of gov't came from people
developed during the 17th c. in Western Europe; monarchs who pass laws without parliaments, appointed professional armies and bureaucracies, established state churches; imposed state economic policies.
French monarch of the late 17th c.; personified absolute monarchy
1688; English overthrow of James II
established in 17th c. in England and Holland; kings partially checked by significant legislative powers in paliaments
Frederick the Great
Prussian king of 18th c.; attempted to introduce enlightenment reforms in Germany; introduced freedom of religion; increased state control of economy
established liberal economics; argued that government should avoid regulation of economy in favor of the operation of market forces.
English; enlightenment feminist thinker; argued that new political rights should extend to women