A federal grant that provides funds to a state or local government for a general funcitonal area, such as criminal justice or mental-health programs
A federal grant to the state or local government for a specific program or project
The section of the constitution in which Congress is given the power to regulate trade among the states and with foreign countries.
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments
A system consisting of a league of independent states each having essentially sovereign powers. The central governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central government.
A model of federalism in which the states and the national government cooperate in solving problems.
The transfer of powers from a national or central government to a state or local government.
A model of federalism that looks on national and state governments as co-equal sovereign powers, Neither state govt nor the national govt should interfere in the other's sphere.
Elastic Clause or Necessary and Proper Clause
article 1, section 8 grants congress the power to do whatever is necessary to execute its specifically delegated powers
Enumerated Powers aka Express Powers
A power specifically granted to the national govt by the constitution.
A requirement in federal legislation that forces states and municipalities to comply with certain rules
The authority to legislate for the protection of the health, morals, safety, and welfare of the people.
The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws
A centralized govt system in which ultimate governmental authority rests in the hands of the national, or central, govt