Cellular Respiration Part 2

  1. What are the 2 results of Lactic Acid Fermentation?
    • Lack of oxygen to muscles
    • Muscle failure
  2. What are the 2 End products of Lactic Acid Fermentation?
    • 2 ATP
    • 2 Lactic Acid
  3. What makes the most energy?
    Aerobic Respiration
  4. What are more efficient at using oxygen to generate ATP?
    Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
  5. Used during continuous, extended muscle contractions?
    Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
  6. Muscles can go longer before they get tired
    Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
  7. Examples of Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers?
    • Marathon runners
    • Bicycle riders
  8. Better at generating short bursts of energy or strength?
    Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers
  9. Are Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers Anaerobic or Aerobic?
  10. Are Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers Anaerobic or Aerobic?
  11. Makes muscles fatigue more quickly
    Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers
  12. 2 Examples of Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers?
    • Sprinters
    • Weight Lifters
  13. An olympic sprinter has about....
    80% Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers
  14. An olympic marathon runner has about...
    80% Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
  15. When does Fermentation occur and what does it do?
    In the absence of oyxgen it releases energy from food molecules by producing ATP
  16. Why are Mitochondria called the powerhouse of the cell?
    They burn or break the chemical bonds of glucose to release energy to do work in a cell.
  17. When do some cells have more Mitochondria?
    Give an example.
    • When a cell is more active.
    • Ex: Muscle Cell
  18. What simple sugar is broken down in the Mitochondria?
  19. Where does the energy in glucose come from originally?
  20. Where is this energy stored in the Glucose?
    Chemical bonds by plants
  21. What energy is released when the chemical bonds of glucose are broken?
  22. Name two other organelles besides the mitochondria that contain DNA and have a double membrane
    Nucleus and Chloroplast
  23. Describe the outer membrane of the Mitochondria
  24. What are the folds called?
  25. What are the 3 main things that make up an ATP molecule?
    • Nitrogen-Containing base
    • 5 c Sugar
    • 3 Phosphate groups
  26. How many high energy bonds does ATP contain?
  27. Where are these high-energy bonds found in ATP?
    Last 2 phosphate groups
  28. What helps weaken these bonds so energy can be released and then later help reform them?
  29. When ATP loses a phosphate group what is released and what is formed?
    • Energy is released
    • ADP forms
  30. What is the energy molecule of the cell called?
  31. What are the raw materials for photosynthesis?
  32. What is the advantage of having a folded inner membrane in the mitochondria?
Card Set
Cellular Respiration Part 2