BIO 116 Ch. 1

  1. What does HIV stand for?
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  2. What does AIDS stand for?
    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  3. What is the relation between HIV and AIDS?
    HIV is caused by AIDS
  4. What is AIDS?
    the set of symptoms (syndrome) that results from the destruction of the patient’s immune system by HIV
  5. Who first reported HIV? How long ago? Who was it found in? What was it called then?
    Dr. Michael Gottlieb; 32 years ago; homosexual men; Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
  6. Who led the French and American teams that isolated HIV and developed blood tests to detect it?
    Dr. Luc Montagnier and Robert Gallo, respectively
  7. When was AIDS officially called AIDS?
  8. Is there a vaccine for AIDS?
  9. What is the class of drugs called to combat HIV?
    Protease Inhibitors
  10. Is it possible to have HIV and NOT AIDS? Why?
    YES because it's only called AIDS when the immune system starts to lose function
  11. When someone has HIV, what are the effects of other smaller infections?
    smaller infection become really hard to handle
  12. Opportunistic infections:
    any other disease an HIV patient gets along with HIV (can be another STI or something small like a cold)
  13. Asymptomatic period:
    a period of time that an HIV patient has no symptoms and can be unaware of transmitting the virus
  14. Incubation period:
    the time from first infection to the appearance of disease that may be, on average, 10 or more years
  15. What makes HIV hard to study and control?
    the incubation period
  16. Can HIV be spread through casual contact (using the same phone or shaking hands)?
  17. How is HIV transmitted?
    Close/intimate contact through blood, sex, or childbirth
  18. Who has the highest transmission rate? Who has the lowest?
    sexually active homosexual males; heterosexual couples or birth
  19. How many people die of HIV in the US annually?
  20. How many new HIV infections are there in the US each year?
    between 40,000 and 60,000
  21. Who reports the global HIV statistics?
    World Health Organization
  22. Pandemic:
    a problematic disease worldwide
  23. Where is considered to be the worst-infected place of HIV? Through which means of transmission?
    Sub-Sarahan Africa; heterosexual sex
  24. Besides Africa, where else is HIV really high?
    South and Southeast Asia (like Thailand)
  25. What can help places with high transmission rates of HIV?
    education and more health care funding
  26. How high does AIDS ranks as a cause of death in the world? In the Africa?
    fourth; first
Card Set
BIO 116 Ch. 1