Mod 8 & Expansion Module

  1. Bacteria's fermentation ability
    The ability or inability of a particular species to ferment a particular carbohydrate depends on the presence or absence of an enzyme system to convert that carb to glucose. Those that can ferment - have a variety of by products ( ex. acids, liguid, gases.) All bacteria that fermetn carbs the by product is always acid.
  2. Phenol-Red(PR) Carbohydrate Fermentation Broths
    • 1. Carbohydrates: contatin single carb.
    • 2. Phenol Red: A pH indicator; yeloww -pH below 6.8, red - pH 6.8-7.4, pink -above pH7.4
    • 3. Durhan Tube: produced gasses get trapped in this upside down tube.
  3. What down "V" mean?
    The result may be different everytime you run a test because bacteria doesnt' always give the same results. With single test - cannot absorve "v"
  4. TSI test
    • if bacteria can reduce sulfur to hydrogen sulfide it will be visible as black precipitate.
    • if bacteria ferments only glucose after 18hr the tube will be red and butt yellow.
    • If glucose and lactose, or gulocse ans sucrose are fermented the enitre tube turn yellow
    • if gas produced - cracked agar.
  5. Motility test
    • + test = cloud, diffuse growth throughout the medium
    • - test = well defined growth alon the stab only.
  6. Catalase Test
    • to identify organisms tha produce the enzyme catalase.
    • If catalase present, the added hydrogen peroxyde will be converted into water and O2 which escapes as a gas.
Card Set
Mod 8 & Expansion Module
Quiz 5