Nutrition 506 Final Exam, part 2

  1. Which of the following is TRUE of the CV system?

    C) heart sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
  2. Which is TRUE of the heart?

    D) a healthy heart pumps more blood with each beat
  3. Good coronary circulation:

    A) nourishes the heart and reduces the risk of a heart attack
  4. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the relationship between CV fitness and health benefits?

    B) only very high levels of fitness have been shown to provide health benefits
  5. VO2 max refers to the maximum:

    B) oxygen consumption
  6. Which of the following could be used to estimate VO2 max if you didn't have access to the necessary laboratory equipment to conduct an actual VO2 max test?

    A) Rockport Walking Fied Test
  7. T/F: Changes in resting heart rate and exercise heart rate (over time) provide good indicators of improvements in fitness.
  8. What is the maximal heart rate for Sophia, a 24-year old female (bmp)?

    • B) 191
    • MHR= 208 - (0.7 x 24)
  9. Assuming her resting heart rate is 75, what is Sophia's Heart Rate Reserve (bmp)?

    A) 116

    • HHR= MHR - RHR
    • = 191 - 75
    • = 116
  10. Which of the following BEST describes flexibility?

    B) the ROM at a joint or group of joints
  11. People with hypermobility:

    B) may be more prone to joint dislocation
  12. Bands of tissues that connect bones are:

    A) ligaments
  13. No ideal standard for flexibility exists because:

    B) little scientific evidence exists about the relationship of flexibility to fitness
  14. T/F: Although there is an overall decrease in flexibility through the lifespan, there is a increase in flexibility after pubescence into our mid 20's.
  15. Slow, sustained stretching exercises held for several seconds are called:

    D) static stretches
  16. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF):

    C) both 1 & 2
  17. Which of the following are considered health benefits of flexibility?

    E) both 1 & 3
  18. A measure of the maximum amount of force that a muscle can exert one time is called:

    B) strength
  19. The capacity of a muscle to continue contracting over a period of time (or max # of reps) without fatigue is called:

    D) muscular endurance
  20. T/F: In extreme cases, very high levels of muscular fitness can have a masculinizing effect on women.
  21. Which of the following are effective for building static strength?

    D) isometrics
  22. T/F: The stimulus for max muscular strength is inversely related to the stimulus for max muscular endurance.
  23. The BMI is based on which two variables?

    C) height and weight
  24. The accepted international standards used by the US and the WHO is a BMI of ___ for overweight and a BMI of ___ for obesity.

    C) >25, >30
  25. Which of the following is TRUE of body fat?

    D) abdominal body fat poses greater health risks than peripheral fat
  26. Obesity is:

    B) a result of eating more calories than you expend
  27. Which is TRUE of a person's basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

    B) increased muscle mass will cause an increase in BMR
  28. What is meant by the term "creeping obesity"?

    D) the typical increase in fatness observed as adults age due to decreasing activity and BMR
  29. T/F: Most diets are unsuccessful in producing sustainable weight loss
  30. Which of the following behaviors is generally associated with sustained and healthy weight loss?

    B) all
  31. Suzanne Sonneborn is:

    C) all
  32. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic seen in binge-eating disorder?

    A) eating large amounts of food and purging afterward
  33. Which of the following is the most common?

    A) binge eating nervosa
  34. T/F: The loss of tooth enamel seen in bulimia nervosa is due to the insufficient intake of calcium.
  35. Of the following types of events, which is considered the LEAST stressful?

    D) controllable
  36. What is another name for an optimal amount of stress?

    B) homeostatic
  37. The positive dimension of stress is called:

    A) eutress
  38. Stress:

    B) can be pleasurable
  39. Certain characteristics that have been found to influence a person's reaction to stressful situations is collectively referred to as:

    D) hardiness
  40. T/F: Stress is needed for normal growth
  41. Although most common, this type of stress is the LEAST likely to be associated with negative health outcomes.

    A) chronic
  42. During the last 10 years, annual working hours in the US have

    D) increased
  43. T/F: Problem-focused coping strategies are most appropriate for tackling stressors w/in your control
  44. Which stress-management technique involves monitoring of physiological processes?

    C) biofeedback
  45. Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation Method does NOT involve

    A) increasing the intensity of muscle contractions as the exercise progresses
  46. Changing the way you are thinking about a stressor is an example of ______-focused coping strategies.

    B) appraisal
  47. FIB: _______ _________ is often referred to as aerobic fitness, CV endurance, and/or cariorespiratory fitness.
    CV fitness
  48. The opinion scale used to determine exercise intensity during aerobic exercise is called _______ _____ ________ ________
    Ratings of Perceived Exertion
  49. When a muscle group is given tension through bouncing and/or quick jerks in order to increase the ROM, this is known as __________ stretching
  50. ___________ ___________ ____________ is the type of PA done with the intent of improving muscle fitness
    Progressive Resistance Exercise
  51. The max amount of resistance a person can move at one attempt is known as ____ ________ _______
    One (1) Repetition Maximum
  52. Currently, ____ of all Americans are overweight or obese
  53. Three different types of stressors are: ________, __________, ___________
    Environmental, Physiological, Emotional (or PsychoSocial)
  54. The "fight or flight" response occurs during the ________ stage of Seyle's General Adaptation Syndrome
  55. _____ _____ is another name for Appraisal-Focused Coping
    Cognitive Restructuring
  56. Suzanne Sonneborn works at the _________ ____ __________ ________ & __________
    Office of Health Education & Promotion
  57. Define: Flexibility
    the amount of motion that is possible at a joint (or set of joints); component of health-related physical fitness; several factors affect one’s flexibility including anatomy, gender, genetics, age, and lack of use/misuse
  58. Define: National Weight Control Registry
    Largest, ongoing study of individuals who have lost weight (at least 30lbs) and kept it off for at least one year. A self-reported study that tracks lifestyle behaviors associated with sustained weight loss.
  59. Define: Weight Bias
    social stigma and/or negative attitude towards individuals or overweight/obese; subtle and overt discrimination based upon physical size
  60. Define: Stress vs. Stressor
    While stress is a nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it (by a stressor), a stressor is the thing evokes a stress reaction (creates the extra demand)
  61. Define: Locus of control
    the extent to which we believe the outcomes are under our control (internal locus) or outside our personal control (external locus)
Card Set
Nutrition 506 Final Exam, part 2
NUTR 506 Final