Western Civ Final

  1. Manufacturers supply the materials, and whole families produced the product.  Proto-industrialization
    putting out system
  2. protects investors from personal responsibility for a firm's debt. encourages investment
    limited liability corporations
  3. the supposed responsibility of white people to govern and impart their culture onto non-white people.  Used to justify colonization
    white man's burden
  4. Indian infantry soldiers serving in the British Army. Revolted in 1857
  5. Western countries take over foreign countries to utilize raw materials, build industry, influence culture, and increase its empire.
  6. the massacre of missionaries and Chinese Christians blamed for China's troubles.  Led to a group of revolutionaries to overthrow the dynasty in 1911 and declared China a republic
    Boxer Rebellion
  7. German Strategy to capture Paris within 6 weeks.  Invade Belgium to get to France. Breaks international law  Concentrates first on France, then turns to attack Russia
    Schlieffen Plan
  8. war strategy where one side wears down the other side until they lose the will to fight
    war of attrition
  9. WWI line of battle through France and Belgium.  occupied some of the richest  parts of France; long lasting  consequences.  Destruction of villages, roads, livestock, etc.
    Western Front
  10. military strategy of constantly attacking the enemy believed to be the key to winning WWI, but brought great loss of life whle failing to bring victory.  Relentless frontal assaults, introduces airplanes, submarines and tanks
    "cult of the offensive"
  11. British passenger ship believed to be carrying weapons and ammo.  sunk by German U-20
  12. 2nd Russian Revolution Nov 1917.  "Red" Communist Revolution.  Lead by Lenin, puts Marx theory to use
    Bolshevik Revolution
  13. Treaty between Russia and Germany, allowing Russia to withdraw from the war, placing vast reigions of the Russian Empire under German occupation
    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  14. parliamentary republic founded in 1919 in Germany to replace the monarchy. Defeated a military coup using street violence and protests rather than parliaments
    Weimar Republic
  15. centerpiece of Peace of Paris, dealing mainly with Germany.  Forced Germany to reduce its army, eliminate its navy, stop manufacturing offensive weapons, and deliver free coal each year to belgium and france.  also had to pay 132 billion in reparations
    Treaty of Versailles
  16. city in the Rhineland ceded by Germany
  17. Recovered from Germany by France in the Treaty of Versailles
  18. separated East Prussia from the rest of Germany, and connected Poland to the Baltic Sea
    Polish Corridor
  19. Area between Germany and France.  Germany forced to disarm to give a bumper between the two countries.  Hitler reversed this right away.
  20. International organization set up after WWI to maintain peace by arbitrating disputes and promoting collective security.  Discuss world problems before they lead to war
    League of Nations
  21. centralized programs for  economic development begun in 1929 by Stalin and copied by Hitler.  Set production priorities and gave production targets for individual industries and agriculture
    5 year plans
  22. the security of the state is more important than individual civil liberties; political power is held by one man, "hero dictator"; state must expand by war if necessary, militaristic; super race theory
  23. a coup d'etat lauched by Hitler and Ludendorff to overthrow the Weimar Republic
    Beer Hall Putsch
  24. a German Empire created by Hitler to model and follow those created by Charlemagne and Bismarck and William II
    Third Reich
  25. Legislation passed by Nazis in 1935, that stripped Jews of their citizenship and imposed other hardships upon them
    Nuremberg Laws
  26. "My Struggle"  Hitler's autobiography written while serving time.
    Mein Kampf
  27. living space.  Hitler feels need for "this" and starts to move East, taking Poland in order to send the Jews away
  28. Chinese province taken over by the Japanese to set up a puppet government and push farther into China
  29. an agreement between Britain's Chamberlain, France's  Daladier, and Mussolini with Hitler to not oppose Germany's claim to the Sudetenland.  appeasement played a big role
    Munich Pact
  30. an agreement reached between Germany and the Soviet Union in which both agreed not to attack the other in case of war and to divide any conquered territories
    German-Soviet non-aggression pact
  31. military alliance formed by Germany, Italy, and Japan that will oppose the Allies in the upcoming hostilities
    Rome-Tokyo-Berlin Axis
  32. Largest military exercise in human history. Germany invades Soviet Union, proves to be fatal mistake for Hitler, U.S. extends lend-lease to Russia
    Operation Barbarossa
  33. America, Britain and Canada invade Northern France at Normandy, commanded by Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Operation Overlord
  34. code name for the secret project to develop an atomic bomb
    Manhattan Project
  35. conducted by the Allies during denazification using the Nazi's documents to reveal the horrific acts of its leaders and collaborators.
    Nuremberg Trials
  36. the round up and extermination of Jews in Europe, especially Germany and Poland
  37. Battle of idealogy between the West and the USSR
    Cold War
  38. a U.S. program of massive economic aid to Europe, $13 billion to rebuild Europe after WWII
    Marshall Plan
  39. Use of economic and military aid to block communism.  $400 million in military aid for Greece and Turkey.
    Truman Doctrine
  40. German philosopher, father of communism, wrote Communist Manifesto, inevitability of class conflict
    Karl Marx
  41. invented interchangeable parts, and cotton gin
    Eli Whitney
  42. King of Belgium, took over the Congo in Africa and ruled with much violence against the native people.
    King Leopold II
  43. Johnson's secretary of state, engineered the purchase of Alaska from Russia
    William Seward
  44. archduke of Austria, assassinated in Sarajevo, causing the Central Powers and the Allies of WWI to declare war on each other
    Franz Ferdinand
  45. Russian Revolutionary, led the Bolshevik Revolution, help create the USSR
    Vladimir Lenin
  46. leader of USSR following Lenin's death. Introduces 5 year plans for collectivization
    Joseph Stalin
  47. last German Emperor, grandson of British Queen Victoria, abdicated in 1918
    Kaiser Wilhelm II
  48. Russian leader abdicates in 1918
    Czar Nicholas II
  49. President during WWI, U.S. soldiers fought on Western Front, part of AEF - American Expeditionary Force
    Woodrow Wilson
  50. totalitarian fascist leader of Italy
    Benito Mussolini
  51. Emperor of Japan who bombed Pearl Harbor
  52. German leader 
    Adolf Hitler
  53. Fascist leader of the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War
    Francisco Franco
  54. British Prime Minister.  Issued the Atlantic Charter after meeting on a warship off Newfoundland.  
    Winston Churchill
  55. U.S. President during WWII.  Along with Churchill, issued the Atlantic Charter
    Franklin D. Roosevelt
  56. Commander of Operation Overlord, attack on Northern France in Normandy
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  57. President following FDR.  Drops the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima
    Harry S. Truman
  58. Communist leader of China
    Mao Zedong
  59. leader of India, advocated civil disobedience and decolonization
    Mohandas Gandhi
  60. Leader of Indochina against French colonial rule
    Ho Chi Minh
  61. Communist Cuban Leader
    Fidel Castro
  62. dates of WWI
  63. date of the Bolshevik Revolution
    November 1917
  64. Hitler takes power in Germany. Anti-Semitism becomes official government policy
  65. dates of the Great Depression
  66. date Germany invaded Poland, initiating a blitzkrieg
    Sept 1, 1939
  67. dates of WWII
  68. dates of the Cold War
    1947 - 1989
Card Set
Western Civ Final
names and dates for the Western Civ final