History: Chapter 5 Study Guide

  1. What Bicameral Legislature mean?
    2 House Legislature with the Senate, and House of Representatives
  2. What does Unicameral mean?
    1 House of Representatives
  3. Which house is the number of representatives for each state determined by population?
    Lower house (House of representatives)
  4. Which house does each state have an equal number of representatives?
    Upper House (senate)
  5. The Great Compromise:
    (First plan)
    Name of plan?
    Kind of legislature?
    What did it do?
    • The Virginia Plan
    • Bicameral
    • Gave the states more power.
  6. How did small states object to the Virginia Plan?
    By creating a new plan called the New Jersey Plan
  7. The Great Compromise:
    (2nd plan)
    Name of plan?
    What did it do?
    Kind of legislature?
    • New Jersey Plan
    • Gave more power to the nation government
    • Unicameral
  8. All whites plus three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for both reprsentation and taxation?
    3/5 Compromise
  9. What is the problem with the 3/5 Compromise?
    They're saying a slave is worth less than 3/5 of the population. That these people had no value and that they were property.
  10. 5 Rules of the Land Ordinance of 1786
    • Land would surveyed and divided into a neat grid of townships, each 6 miles square.
    • Each township had 36 sections, each 1 mile square.
    • Government owned four of the sections.
    • One section would be sold for public schools.
    • Ended many boundary disputes.
  11. 4 Rules of Northwest Ordinance 
    • Encouraged orderly settlements and the formation of new states
    • Promised settlers religious freedom
    • Did not allow slavery
    • A single governor was put in charge
  12. A political system without a monarch
  13. Who came up with the Virginia Plan?
    James Madison
  14. Caused high inflation and deep depression. And caused many Massachusetts farmers to lose their land.
    Shay's Rebellion
  15. Massachusetts legislature passed a law which imposed a heavy tax on land which had to be paid in hard currency.
    Shay's Rebellion
  16. How does the Shay's Rebellion relate to the Consititution?
    It showed Americans that the current government could not guarantee economic prosperity and tt was powerless to end the violence in Massachusetts. This led to a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.
  17. What is the number of states needed to ratify?
    9 out of 13
  18. Gives each branch the means to restrain the other two.
    Checks and Balances
  19. A war veteran who led an armed rebellion. THey shut down the courts to prevent any more seizure farms.
    Daniel Shays
  20. A system which provides a strong central government while protecting states' rights.
  21. Powers shared by both
    Concurrent powers
  22. Powers delegated to the nation government
    Delegated powers
  23. Impeachment:
    Who accuses the official of wrong doing? (1)
    What happens? (2)
    House of Representatives

    • Senate conducts a trial
    • If 2/3 of the majority vote guility then the official must be removed from office.
  24. Compromise over Commerce:
    Which view?
    Wanted broad powers in regulating all trade with foreign nations and other states
    Northern Point of view
  25. Compromise over Commerce:
    Which view?
    Against such broad powers; feared tariffs (taxes) on exports.
    Southern Point of View
  26. What was the Compromise over Commerce?
    That tariffs were allowed on imports, but not on exports.
  27. Government is divided into 3 Branches; prevents any part of the federal government from becoming too powerful.
    Separtion of Powers
  28. Executive Branch:
    What does it do?
    Heads of it?
    • Enforces the law
    • President and Vice President
  29. Legislative Branch:
    What does it do?
    Who is the head of it?
    • Make laws
    • Congress
  30. Judicial Branch:
    What does it do?
    Who are the heads of it?
    • Interprets the law
    • Surpreme Court and lower federal courts
  31. What was the first state?
  32. What was the last state?
    Rhode Island
  33. Who were the Federalists?
    • James Madison
    • John Dickinson
    • Alexander Hamilton
    • John Jay
    • Benjamin Franklin
    • George Washington
  34. They favored a strong central government
  35. Who were the Anti-Federalists?
    • Samuel Adams
    • Patrick Henry
    • Richard Henry Lee
    • Robert Yates
  36. They were worried that the government would abuse both states' rights and indicidual liberties.
  37. Who greated the separtion of powers?
  38. Delegated Powers are?
    National Powers
  39. Concurrent powers are?
    Shared Powers
  40. Reserved Powers are?
    State Powers
  41. May impeach supreme court justices
    Legislative branch to the Judical Branch
  42. May veto bills
    Executive Branch to Legislative Branch
  43. What can the Delegated Powers (national) do? 
    • Declare War
    • Maintain armed forces
    • Regulate interstate and foreign trade
    • Admit new states
    • Establish post offices
    • Set standard weights and measures
    • Coin money
    • Establish foreign policy
    • Make laws neccessary
  44. What can the Concurrent (shared) powers do (as well as National/State) ?
    • Maintain law and order
    • Levy taxes
    • Borrow money
    • Chaters banks
    • Establish courts
    • Provide for public welfare
  45. What can the Reserved Powers (State) do?
    • Make and maintain schools
    • Make local governments
    • Regulate business within state
    • Make marriage laws
    • Provide for public safety
  46. Allows congress to stretch its powers in ways not specifically outlined in the Constitution.
    Elastic Clause
  47. Guaranteed freedom of speech, trial by jury, and the right to assemble
    Bill of Rights
  48. The supreme law of the land.
    Explains the goals of the new government
    Has the ability to be changed to suit the needs of society.
    US Constituion
  49. Had to be kept a secret until everyone from it died.
    Constitutional Convention
  50. What were the powers of the Articles of Confederation?
    States can make their own decisions
  51. Can override vetos.
    Legislative branch to Executive branch
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History: Chapter 5 Study Guide