1. Kin Selection
    Theory that states that we help people who have our genes. For example, we are more apt to help family than strangers.
  2. Egoistic helping
    A type of helping in which the helper wants something in return for offering help.
  3. Altruistic helping
    A type of helping in which the helper expects nothing in return for offering help.
  4. Emphaty
    An emotioal response that corresponds to the feelings of the other person.
  5. Emphathy-Altruism Hypothesis
    A theory that states emphaty motivates people to reduce other people's distress, as by helping or comforting them.
  6. Empathy-specific reward hypothesis
    A hypothesis that states empathy triggers the need for social reward that can be gaiend by helping, such as prise, honor, and pride.
  7. Empathy-specific punishment hypothesis
    A hypothesis tha states empathy triggers the fear of social punishment that can be avoided by helping, such as guilt, shame, and censure.
  8. Negative state relief hypothesis
    A hypothesis that states people help others in order to relieve their own distress. This view holds that people help mainly to make themselves feel better.
  9. Belief in a just world
    A type of belief in which the person believed that the world is a just place where people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
  10. Bystander effect
    Type of effect in which people are less likely to offer help when they are in the presence of others than when they are alone.
  11. What are the five stypes to helping?
    Notice that something is happenining, interpret meaning of event, Interpret event as an emergency, Take responsibility for providing help, decide how to help, help.
  12. Pluralistic ignorance
    Refers to collective misinterpretation. When others do not react to an event because they conclude it is not an emergency because otherwise, others would be reacting a similar way.
  13. Diffusion of responsibility
    When responsibility is spread out because there are several potential helps around.
  14. Audience inhibition
    When people don't want to feel like a fool in front of others if they offer help and the person does not want help.
Card Set
PSY 440: Social Psychology