1. Inference
    a conclusion one can draw from the presented details
  2. Invective
    a verbally abusive attack
  3. Inversion
    reversing the customary (subject first, then verb, then complement) order of elements in a sentence or phrase; it is used effectively in many cases, such as posing a question: "Are you going to the store?" Usualy, the element that appears first is emphasized more than the subject.
  4. Irony
    A situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected.
  5. Jargon
    The special language of a pression or group. The term usually has pejorative association with the implication that jargon is evasive, tedious, and unintelligible to outsiders. The writings of the lawyer and the literary critic are both susceptible to jargon.
  6. Logical Fallacy
    A mistake in reasoning
  7. Loose Sentence
    a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by a dependent grammitcal unites such as phrases and clauses. A work containing many loose sentences often seems informal, relaxed, and conversational.
  8. Lyrical
    Songlike; characterized by emotion, subjectivity, and imagination.
  9. Metaphor
    a figure of speech in which one thing is referred to as another; for example, "my love is a fragile flower"
  10. Metonymy
    a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using, "the crown" to refer to a monarch; Also, "The pen is mightier than the sword"
  11. Mood
    similar to tone, it is the primary emotional attitude of a work (the feeling of the work; the atmosphere). Syntax is also determiner of this term because sentence strength, length, and complexity affect pacing.
  12. Moral
    the lesson drawn from a fictional or nonfictional story. It can also mean a heavily didactic story.
  13. Motif
    main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on in the development of the piece; a repeated pattern or idea.
  14. Narration
    the telling of a story in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, or drama; one of the four modes of discourse
  15. Negative-Positive
    Sentence that begins by stating what is NOT true, then ending by stating what is true.
  16. Non-Sequitur
    Latin for "it does not follow." When one statement isn't logically connected to another.
  17. Objectivity
    an impersonal presentation of events and characters. It is a writer's attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in a story. Hard news journalism is frequently prized for its objectivity, although even fictional stories can be told without a writer rendering personal judgement.
  18. Onomatopoeia
    the use of words that sound like what they mean, such as "hiss," "buzz," "slam," and "boom"
  19. Oversimplification
    When a writer obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument.
  20. Oxymoron
    A figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, such as "wise fool," "bittersweet," "pretty ugly," "jumbo shrimp," and "cold fire"
  21. Pacing
    the movement of a literary piece from one point or one section to another.
  22. Parable
    A short tale that teaches a moral.
  23. Paradox
    A statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a ration meaning as in this quotation from Henry David Thoreau, "I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude."
  24. Parallelism
    the techinque of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form.Example (From Churchill): "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight on the fields."
  25. Parody
    A work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating and exagerrating its elements. It can be utterly mocking or gently humorous. It depends on allusion and exaggerates and distorts the original style of content.
Card Set