1. Abstract
    refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images (ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places.)
  2. Ad Hominem
    in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man." Fallacy
  3. Allegory
    an extended narative in prose or verse in which characters, events and settings represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story
  4. Alliteration
    repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another.
  5. Allusion
    a reference to a well-known person, place, or thing from literature, history, mythology, or the Bible.
  6. Analogy
    Comparison of two similar but different things, usually to clarify an action or a relationship, such as comparing the work of a heart too that of a pump. An Analogy is a comparison to a directly parallel case.
  7. Anaphora
    Repitition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
  8. Anecdote
    a short, simple narrative of an incedent; often used for humorous effect or to make a point.
  9. Annotation
    Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, cite soruces, or give bibliographical data.
  10. Antecedent
    the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
  11. Antithesis
    the presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs.
  12. Aphorism
    A short, often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life.
  13. Apostrophe
    usually in poetry but sometimes in prose; the device of calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person or to a place, thing, or a personified abstraction.
  14. Argumentation
    writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of view or an idea by presenting reasoned arguments; persuasive writing is a form of argumentation.
  15. Assonance
    repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants, such as in neigh/fade.
  16. Asyndeton
    Commas used (with no conjuction) to seperate a seres of words. The parts are emphasized equally when the conjuction is omitted; in addition, the use of commas with no intervening conjuction.
  17. Cacophony
    harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose; the opposite of euphony.
  18. Chiasmus
    (ki az' mus) In rhetoric, a contrast by reverse parallelism, as in "They fall succesive, and succesive rise." Repetition of ideas in inverted order or the repetition oof grammatical structures in inverted order.
  19. Colloquialism
    a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing (y'all, ain't).
  20. Coherence
    quality of a piece of writing in which all the parts contribute to the development of the central idea, theme, or organizing principle.
  21. Concrete Language
    Language that describes specific, observable things, people, or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
  22. Connotation
    implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association in the reader's mind.
  23. Consonance
    repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words in close proximity, as in boost/best; it can also be seen within several compound words, such as fulfill and ping-pong.
  24. Conundrum
    A riddle whose answer is or involves a pun; it may also be a paradox or difficult problem.
  25. Deduction
    the process of moving from a general rule to a specific example. Also known as Syllogism.
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