Wrote romantic poetry, detective fiction, science fiction, gothic fiction, literary criticism
Edgar Allan Poe
Over 200 folktales
German and Scandinavian myths
German dictionary (did not see it finished)
The Brothers Grimm
Edinburgh, Scotland, 1859-1930
Detective mystery books
"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes"
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle
Springfield, Massachusetts, died 2002
Wrote under pseudonym
Wrote/illustrated 44 books
"The Cat in the Hat"
Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel)
English with Irish ties, 1832-1898
Fantasy and "literary nonsense"
"Alice in Wonderland"
Wrote under river pilot pseudonym
Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens)
London, 1967-present day
Writes under pseudonym
Indian, grew up in America
Mostly autobiographical novels
Jhumpa Lahiri (Nilanjana Sudeshna)
Greek, 620 B.C.-564. B.C.
Slave, then freed
Executed as public criminal and thrown off cliff in Delphi
"The Boy Who Cried Wolf"
Sent to transit camp
Wrote about time in annex of apartment
Athens or Aegina, 428/427 B.C.-348/347 B.C.
Dialogues (two people talking)
Student of Socrates and Pythagoras
Established first "school" (school of philosophy)
Wrote about Atlantis
Greensboro, North Carolina, 1862-1910
Imprisoned for five years (served three)
Wrote under pseudonym
"The Gift of the Magi"
Every story had situational irony (twist)
O. Henry (William Sidney Porter)
Picaresque style in novels (fiction with a hero of low social class who lives by own wisdom in corrupt society)
"The Pickwick Papers"
"A Christmas Carol"
Charles John Huffam Dickens
Amherst, Massachusetts, 1830-1886
Went into seclusion in twenties
Wrote poetry and letters
Published posthumously by sister
Considered major American poet
Occasionally used pen name A.M. Barnard
Louisa May Alcott
Trier, Germany, 1818-1883
Philosopher, economist, sociologist
Believed socialism would turn into communism
Wrote history, sociology, philosophy
"The Communist Manifesto"
Karl Heinrich Marx
Eatonton, Georgia, 1944-present day
Lost sight in one eye
Wrote poetry, essays, epistolary novels, fiction
"The Color Purple"
Bombay, India, 1865-1936
Sent to England to live with boarding family
Novels, short stories, poems
"The Jungle Book"
Odense, Denmark, 1805-1875
Dancer, actor, singer, playrwright
Bottom to top of society (literary fame)
Poems, plays, travel books, fairytales
"The Little Mermaid"
Hans Christian Andersen
Nantes, France, 1828-1905
"Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea"
Jules Gabriel Verne
Served in France in WWI
Poet, novelist, editor, and playwright
Decided to be writer
Published essays in book form
"Winnie the Pooh"
Alan Alexander Milne (A.A. Milne)
Dublin, Ireland, 1667-1745
Secretary for Sir William Temple
Uses a lot of irony
Wrote poetry, short stories, filmmaking, comedian
"The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven"
Torquay, England, 1890-1976
Wrote novels, stories, and plays on crime mystery and wrote romances under a psuedonym
"Murder on the Orient Express"