Geography Final

  1. Aborigines
    the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands
  2. Apratheid
    The Afrikaans term for South Africa's pre-1994 policies of racial segregation
  3. Aztecs
    certain ethnic groups of Central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from 14th to 16th centuries
  4. Buddhism
    a religion indigenous to the indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs, and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Buddha
  5. Centrifugal
    forces that tend to divide a country
  6. Centripetal
    forces that unite and bind a country together
  7. Christianity
    a monotheistic and abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
  8. Climate
    the long-term conditions of aggregate weather over a region
  9. Cultural Hearth
    heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture
  10. Culture
    the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society
  11. desertification
    process of desert expansion into neighboring steppelands as a result of human degradation of fragile semiarid environments
  12. epidemic
    A local or regional outbreak of a disease
  13. ethnic cleansing
    the slaughter and/or forced removal of one ethnic group from its homes and lands by another
  14. exclave
    a bounded(non-island) piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies separated from it by the territory of another state
  15. first nations
    name given Canada's indigenous people of American descent
  16. green revolution
    the successful recent development of higher-yield, fast growing varieties of rice and other cereals in certain developing countries
  17. high seas
    areas of the ocean away from land, beyond national jurisdiction, open and free for all to use
  18. Hinduism
    the predominant religion of the indian subcontinent, and one of its indigenous religions
  19. Incas
    the largest empire in pre-columbian America.  Ancient people who lived in south america until the 1570s
  20. Islam
    a monotheistic and abrahamic religion articulated by the Qu'ran; Muhhamad considered by them to be the last prophet of God
  21. Judaism
    a monotheistic religion originating in the Hebrew Bible; the expression of the covenantal relationship God established with the children of Israel
  22. Latitude
    parallels that are aligned east-west across the globe, from 0 degrees latitude at the equator to 90 degrees north and south latitude at the poles
  23. lingua franca
    a "common language" prevalent in a given area
  24. longitude
    angular distance (0 to 180 degrees) east or west as measured from the prime meridian.
  25. Maori
    the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand
  26. Maquiladora
    the term given to modern industrial plants in Mexico's U.S. Border zone
  27. Mayans
    a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-columbian americas
  28. Outback
    the name given by Australians to the vast, peripheral, sparsely settled interior of their country
  29. Pandemic
    an outbreak of disease that spreads worldwide
  30. Pangaea
    a vast, singular landmass consisting of most of the areas of the present-day continents
  31. rain shadow effect
    the relative dryness of areas downwind of mountain ranges resulting from orographic precipitation
  32. scale
    representation of a real world phenomenon at a certain level of reduction or generalization
  33. shatter belt
    region caught between stronger, colliding external cultural-political forces, under persistant stress and often fragmented by aggressive rivals
  34. tundra
    the treeless plain that lies along the arctic shore in northernmost Russia and Canada
  35. weather
    the immediate and short-term conditions of the atmosphere that impinge on daily human activities
  36. List (in order by population size) the four largest population agglomerations locations
    Tokyo, Delhi, Mexico City, New York
  37. List the location factors that attract today's pacesetting high-tech companies
    available workers, raw materials, energu supply, logistics, product transportation, and profitability
  38. which region/realm covers the largest area-the pacific ocean
    the pacific realm
  39. which region/realm has the largest refugee population worldwide?
    central asia
  40. how to Australia's and New Zealand's landscapes differ?
    Australia is a continent.  New Zealand is made up of islands.  New Zealand is much smaller.  Rainfall in New Zealand is higher.  New Zealand has mountain ranges, Australia has only a few small mountains
  41. what three regions constitute the pacific realm
    melanasia, micronesia, polynesia
  42. name the six continents
    eurasia, north america, south america, australia, antarctica, africa
  43. name the south american country known for its' production of cocaine, coffee, and coal
  44. name the five largest (area) countries in the world
    russia, canada, united states, china, brazil
  45. name the 5 largest (population) cities of the world
    New York, Mexico City, Tokyo, Mumbai, Seoul
  46. name the country that produces more oil than any other
    united states
  47. name this former mesopotamian country which the Tigris and Euphrates rivers encompass
  48. name the holy city of the three monotheistic religions
  49. name the only two continents containing a cluster of great lakes
    united states and africa
  50. name the five oceans
    indian, atlantic, southern, pacific, arctic
Card Set
Geography Final
Geography Final