Test 2 cardio.txt

    • author "me"
    • tags "Test 2 "
    • description "Cardiology"
    • fileName "Test 2 cardio"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • What are agranulocytosis?
    • Severe reduction in the number of granulocytes. WBCs Decrease in 200/mm3
  1. What does this person have?
    Flu like symptoms
    Symptoms of infection
    Ulceration of the mucous membranes.
  2. What are two broad spectrum antibiotics?
    • Primaxin
    • Leviquin
  3. What is leukemia?
    Abnormal proliferation of blood cells, usually WBCs
  4. What type of leukemia is rapid onset?
    Acute leukemia
  5. What type of leukemia pt live longer
    Chronic leukemia
  6. Infection number 1 for nanda diagnosis?
  7. Leukemia AML age effected?
    Teen to mid 20s
  8. Leukemia with ALL age effected?
  9. If they have extreme elevation in WBCs and anemia?
  10. The two types of chemo mostly used?
    • Methatrexate
    • Cytoxan
  11. What is multiple myeloma?
    Malignant neoplastic immunodeficiency disease of the bone marrow. Breakdown of bone causes pathological fractures
  12. Clinical manifestations of multiple myeloma?
    • Bone pain
    • Infection
    • ANEMIA
    • RENAL FAILURE due to calcium
  13. What disease do you have to treat pain, fluid increase and make the patient keep moving and get out if bed?
    Multiple myeloma.
  14. What is CRAB?
    • C calcium elevated
    • R renal failure
    • A anemia
    • B bone lesion
  15. Lymphatic system functions
    • Maintenance of fluid balance
    • Production of lymphocytes
    • Absorption and transportation of lipids from the intestine to the bloodstream.
  16. What are the three parts of the lymphatic systemm?
    • Lymphatic...
    • ...vessels
    • ...fluid
    • ...tissue
  17. What is lymph fluid?
    Pale yellow, moves from the plasma through the capillary walls and becomes interstitial fluid.
  18. What is lymph nodes?
    Scattered through the body and contain dense patches of lymphocytes and macrophages.
  19. What are lymph organs?
    The tonsils, adenoids, spleen and the thymus.
  20. What does the thymus do? When does it decreasee?
    • T cell develop
    • Helps develop immune system
    • Produces hormone that growth and activity of lymphocytes throughout the body
    • Large when a child and decrease with age
  21. What are tonsils?
    • Produce lymphocytes and antibodies
    • Trap bacteria
  22. What does the spleen do?
    • Stores 500ml of blood
    • Forms lymphocytes and monocytes.
    • Forms plasma
    • Destroys RBCs
    • Removes bacteria by phagocytosis
  23. What is a lymph?
    • A specialized fluid formed in the tissue space.
    • Transported by way of thr lymphatic vessels and reenters the circulatory system.
  24. What is lymphangitis?
    Inflammation of one or more lymphatic vessels.
  25. Fine red streaks from affected area chills/fever and myalgia are from?
    • Lymphangitis
    • Enlarged lymph nodes
  26. What is used to treat lymphangitis?
    • PCN
    • Decrease edema
  27. What is lymphedema?
    Accumulation of lymph in the tissue.
  28. What are signs and symptoms of lymphedema?
    Massive edema and tightness of the affected extremity.
  29. What is a lymphangiography?
    Its to differentiate from venous disorder.
  30. What are treatments for lymphedema.
    • Diuretics
    • Antibiotics
    • Compression pump
    • Elastic stockings
    • Monitor diet
    • Meticulous skin care
  31. What is non-hodgkins lymphoma?
    • Neoplastic disorder of lymphoid tissue.
    • Effects b-cells
  32. Pt has anemia, PAINLESS enlarged cervical lymph nodes she has?
    Non-hodgkins lymphoma.
  33. What is a bone scan?
    Hot spots showing of cancer cells with nuclear injection
  34. What is a coombs test?
    It shows antibody reaction.
  35. Labs for Non-hodgkins lymphoma?
    • Decreased iron
    • Decreased albumin
    • Increased in calcium
    • Anemia
    • Elevated platelet count
  36. What is a positive reed-sternberg calls?
    Hodgkins disease
  37. What is a negative reed-sternberg calls?
    Negative non-hodgkins cells
  38. Tx for non-hodgkins disease?
    • Stage 1 or 2 Radiation
    • Stage 3 or 4 Chemotherapy and combination
  39. Hodgkins disease?
    Inflammatory or infectious process that develops into a neoplasm.
  40. Clinical manifestation of Hodgkins Disease?
    • PAINLESS enlargement of cervical lymph nodes.
    • Anemia
    • Anorexia
    • Weight loss
    • Pruritis
  41. What are the two sides of the heart and which side has oxygen?
    • Right side has deoxygenated blood
    • Left side has oxygenated blood
  42. How does the blood travel threw the heart?
    • Body to right atrium
    • To right ventricle
    • To pulmonary Vein
    • To left atrium
    • To left ventricle
    • To Aorta
  43. 3 layers of the heart from innermost to outermost?
    • Endocardium
    • Myocardium
    • Pericardium
  44. Function of pericardium?
    Filled with pericardial fluid to lube friction
  45. Function of the myocardium
    Stimulate contraction threw electrical conduction
  46. What does the endocardium do?
    Paralstasis blood moves et cover valves
  47. What is the automaticity
    The heart can activate an electrical pulse
  48. What is irritability?
    Response to electrical current
  49. How does the electrical current travel?
    • SA node
    • Av node
    • Bundle of his
    • Bundle of branches left or right
    • Purkinge fibers
  50. What are arteries
    Vessels that carry blood away from the heart
  51. What are veins
    Vessels that carry blood to the heart
  52. What are capillaries
    Tiny blood vessels joining the arterioles and venules
  53. What is systemic circulation
    • From left ventricle to body back to atrium
    • Deoxygenating blood
  54. What is pulmonary circulation
    • From right ventricle to lungs to left atrium
    • Oxygenating blood
  55. What is a P wave
    Depolarization of the atria
  56. What is a PR interval
    Atrial depolarization and impulse travel through the AV node to the ventricles
  57. QRS complex is?
    Depolarization of ventricles
  58. T wave is?
    Repolarization of the ventricles
  59. What is a ECG?
    Graphic representation of cardiac electrical activity
  60. What are sinus arrhythmias?
    Results from changes in intrathoracic pressure during breathing. Heart rate increases
  61. What is a premature complex?
    SA node firing prematurely
  62. Tachydysrhythmias
    Heart rate greater than 100beats min
  63. Escape complexes
    SA node fails to discharge or is blcked
  64. Premature atrial complexes
    Atrial tissue irritable and fires an impulse before next sinus impulse is due. P wave is too early
  65. Clinical manifestation for PAC
    • Decrease caffeine and nicotine
    • Premature Atrial Complexes
  66. Atrial flutter
    • Rapid atrial depolarization rate 250-350 times per minute
    • AV node blocks impulses to the ventricles.
  67. Atrial flutter clinical manifestations
    • Palpations
    • Weakness
    • Fatigue
    • SOB
    • Nervousness
    • Angina
  68. Atrial fibrillation Afib
    • Irregular heart rate. Most common
    • Atrial foci rate 350-600 times per minute
  69. What risk is increased with Afib
    • Thrombus formation
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • .
    • Blood clot
  70. What is a ventricular dysrhythmia
    • Irritable ventricular cells may generate electrical impulses and fire prematurely
    • Wide QRS
  71. What is a Premature ventricular complexe PVC
    • Increased irritability of the ventricular cells
    • Not getting enough blood in the body
  72. Clinical manifestations of PVC
    • Weak pulses
    • Palpations
    • Chest discomfort
  73. Interventions for PVC
    • Eliminate caffeine
    • Administer oxygen
  74. What type of drug is metapropalol
    Negative inotropic effect
  75. Ventricular tachycardia V tach
    Repetitive firing of an irritable ventricular ectopic focus rate of 140 -180 beats/min
  76. Interventions of V tach
    Oxygen and CPR
Card Set
Test 2 cardio.txt
test 2