Seeds Plants and Gymnosperms Study Guide

  1. Most plants on the earth are_____________.

    A. seed plants
  2. All seed plants share two characteristics. They have.....

    D. both a and b
  3. There are two types of _______________ phleom and __________.

    A. vascular tissue / xylem
  4. ____________ is the vascular tissue through which food, which is made in the plants leaves, travels to the pant's stems and roots.

    D. phloem
  5. ______________ is the vasvular tissue that transports water and nutrients from the soil through the roots and then throughout the plant.

    D. xylem
  6. A seed has three important parts--an __________, stored food, and a seed coat.

    B. embryo
  7. The young plant that develops from the ___________ (fertilized egg) is called the embryo.

    D. zygote
  8. In some plants, food is stored inside one or two seed leaves or __________.

    A. cotyledons
  9. The tough outer coating called the seed coat provides protection and keeps the food and embryo from drying out.

    A) TRUE
  10. The seed coat DOES NOT allow a seed to remain inactive for a long time until conditions are favorable for growth.

    B) FALSE

    The seed coat DOES allow a seed to remain inactive for a long time until favorable conditions for growth occur.
  11. Seeds can be dispersed by animals in their droppings or seeds that catch in their fur, by moving________ , or by wind.

    YOU fill in the blank from memory.
    WATER is the correct answer.
  12. ________________ (seed sprouting) occurs when seeds absorb water from their environment. Initially, the seed uses its stored food to grow then its roots grow downward and the leaves and stem grow upward.

    B. germination
  13. _________ capture the sun's energy and carry out the food-making process called ________________.

    C. leaves / photosynthesis
  14. The underside of leaves have small openings or pores called ____________ which allow carbon dioxide to enter and for oxgen and water vapor to exit.

    C. stomata
  15. Water, ______________, sunlight and chlorophyll are necessary for photosynthesis to take place.

    C. carbon dioxide
  16. __________ and sugar are produced as a result of the photosynthesis.

    D. oxygen
  17. The process by which water evaporates from a plant's leaves is called ______________.

    D. transpiration
  18. The two important functions of a plant's stem are that they contain the vessels that transport substances between the roots and the leaves and the stems ______________ for the plant.

    C. provide support
  19. Roots _____________ a plant in the ground and absorb water and nutrients form the soil.

    A. anchor
  20. _____________, the oldest type of seed plants, produce naked seeds (seeds without a protective covering)

    C. gymnosperms
  21. Gymnosperms are classified into four groups: the __________, the gingko, the gnetophytes, and the conifers.

    C. cycads
  22. __________, or cone-bearing plant, are the largest group of gymnosperms on Earth.

    C. Conifers
  23. Most gymnosperms have reproductive structures called ____________; both male cones and female cones.

    A. cones
  24. Male cones produce _____________ that become the sperm cells.

    E. pollen
  25. Female cones contain at least one ________, the structure that contains egg cells.

    C. ovule
  26. _______________ is the transfer of pollen from a male reproductive structure to a female reproductive structure.

    B. Pollination
  27. ________________ occurs when pollen from a male cone falls onto a female cone and the sperm and egg join together in the ovule on the female one.

    C. Fertilization
  28. After fertilization, the ovule develops into a ___________.

    A. seed
Card Set
Seeds Plants and Gymnosperms Study Guide
Study Guide for Seeds, Plants, and Gymnosperms