Human Sexuality

  1. sexual orientaton
    • person's emotional, physical, romantic attraction to one or both sexes
    • homo, hetero, and bi
  2. Psychoanalytic theory of homosexuality
    • freud
    • developed from parental behaviors
    • distant fathers, overbearing mothers
    • no research
  3. Learning theory of homosexuality
    • early experiences in development
    • bad heterosexual experiences
    • no social factor has ever been found completely responsible
  4. genetic influences of homosexuality
    • concordance rate of homosexuality
    • identical twins are more likely to be homosexual
  5. prenatal influences
    maternal immune hypothesis: orientation related to # of older brothers he has
  6. hormonal influences
    exposure to prenatal hormones may play a role in orientation
  7. neuroanatomical influences
    • possible brain differences:
    • hetorsexual: larger hypothalamus volume
  8. can orientation be changed?
    depends of definition of success: behavior may be changed but attraction usually cant be altered
  9. coming out
    • acknowledging to oneself and others that one is gay or lesbian
    • benefits: live openly and honestly, psychologically beneficial
    • risks: losing friends, family, and jobs, depressiong, lonely isolation if parents reject them, 18% of hate crimes
  10. Same-sex vs. other sex relationships
    • similarities: desire for stable, long lasting, committed relationships, sharing of intimate feelings
    • differences: more egalitarian, lower commitment levels.
    • lesbians have a higher relationship satisfaction;
  11. marriage equality
    • US federal gov. does not recognize any form of gay marriage
    • some states allow various unions
  12. Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)
    limits governments def. of marriage as legal union between one man and one woman
  13. Title VII of Civil rights Act
    • guarantees protection against discrimination in emplyment
    • sexual orientation is not included
  14. Employment Nondiscrimination Act (ENDA)
    hasnt been passed by congress
  15. Health issues of homosexual
    • higher rates of depression, anxiety, and PTSD
    • more likely to EXPERIENCE violence and hate crimes
    • Lesbians: increased risk for breast and endometrial cancers, less likely to have had pap smear in past year
    • gays: increased risk for STI's and anal cancer, more lkely to have and eating disorder
  16. homophobia
    fear of homosexuals, negative attitudes and actions
  17. homonegativism
    negative actions, beliefs, and judgments
  18. heterosexism
    discrimination in favor of heterosexuals
  19. prejudice
    hostile or negative attitude toward group
  20. hate crimes
    • crime committed against person due to perceived membership inĀ  social group
    • more than 20 states have either no hate crime laws, or hate crime laws that don't include sexual orientaton
Card Set
Human Sexuality
fall 2012