American Democracy Now

  1. Policy Making Process:
    Demands             Political Process             Outputs
     /     /  
    Demands = Agenda Setting

    Political Process  = formulation,/ adoption

    Outputs = implementation
  2. Distributive policy -

    Re-distributive -
    Distributive policy - society valued - large population of recipants 

    Re-distributive - Meduim selected group - poor & elderly, education ( Take from many - give to the few)
  3. Agenda Setting:
    • Prioritzing or deciding what's going to be acted upon
    • Function of who's got the momentum - Congress, President, bureauacy, public interest, time , event

    Kingdom's 3 stream typology _ problem, political, solution
  4. Kingdom's typology:

    Problem -

    Political -
    Problem - indicators (stats), focusing event, feedback

    Political - changes in personnel, idea time has come, electoral change

    Solution - right program=favorable decision
  5. Formulation
    what should be done- how shall we fix this
  6. Adoption:
    Selection of the program, highly political, includes budget,

    (the tension between efficacy and detail eg: Feed the people of Cleveland"
  7. Implementation:
    Actually doing the program, also called outputs

    can preset new set of problems
  8. Feedback:
    • Outputs= Are the program
    • Outcomes = Are the results
  9. Triangle

    Fed EX branch that had gives to Fed LEG -branch

    funding both ways  - intiatives - both ways- program =
    program =Who recieves - the needy
  10. Gerry Mandering
    Redistricting to favor one political party over another
  11. Redistricting:
    Congressional districts to reflect changes in seats allocated to the states from population shifts every 10 years
  12. PAC -  Political Action Committee
    Tend favor incumbents ,  strict limitations - $5,000 per candidate
  13. 527s, 501c4s, citizens united
    independent groups that don't have to disclose thier donors
  14. Congress  mostly white, male, educated, Article 1

    House - 25 years old, live in state

    Senate - 30 years old live in state
  15. Role of Congress -

    Representational roles - trustee, delegate
    role of balance of power - zero sum equation

    • Trustee - make decisions based on experince
    • Delegate - Vote with constituents, vote behalf of his/her voters
  16. Powers of Congress
    Taxation, declare war, create courts, set weights/measurments, postal matters, coin money, issue patents
  17. Senate
    6 year term, 100 members, foreign policy, advise and consent
  18. House of Respresentives
    2 year term, 435 members (1911), initiate revenue bills
  19. House: leaders
    • Speaker of House - under vice president
    • Majority Leader
    • Minority Leader
    • Majority Whip
    • Minority Whip
  20. Senate - leaders
    • President Pro-Tempore
    • Majority Leader
    • Minority Leader
    • Majority Whip
    • Minortiy Whip
  21. Congress at Work - The committee System
    • Standing Committees - big issues, current issues
    • joint committees - senators and house
    • conference committees -
  22. How a bill becomes a Law - House
    introduced, committeee, sb-committee, committee, rules committee, full house
  23. How a bill becomes a Law -  Senate

    Pork = Money member bring back to congressional district
    adding thier own stuff to benefit thier ward, just like Obama Heath Care - extra bills
    • Introduced, committee, subcommittee, committtee, Full senate Hold= 1 member will not vote
    • Fillbuster = 60 senators to move something forward, will stall bill, need 60 votes to stop fillbuster- unlimited time speaking
  24. Final stage of bill
    confrence committee final version of house and senate - president signs or vetos - pocket vetos - if sits more than 10 days congress in session -law / out of session no law
  25. Executive Branch
    Foreign affairs, confirmation of presidental appointments, impeachment process
  26. Impeachment process
    • house - bring chrges majorty of vote,
    • Senate - power try two-third vote to convict
    • Judiciary - chief justice presides
  27. Reason why incubments lose
    redistricting, scandals, midterm elections
  28. President
    term 4 years, 35 yrs. old, natural born citizen

    • Presidental Primaries -
    • Open - no party membership required ballots are part y specific

    Closed - party-only

    Blanket - free for all - ballots have everyone on them

    Hybrid - party only, but semi open (Ohio)
  29. Presidental Power on test
    • Formal - Constitional
    • Professional reputation- gov't work for him, sway public like Reagan
    • Prestige- how well they do in front of people
  30. President Powers
    Appointment, veto, commander of chief, pardon, make treaties, convene congress
  31. president constraints
    constution, balance of power, elections - congress, global events,public opinion
  32. President war act 1973
    30 days to respond to hot spot, 30 days for congress to debate, 30 days to withdraw troops

     President has 90 days
  33. More powers of President
    Signing papers legisaltion into law, executive orders - short term laws, czars - no constitional power
  34. Vice President
    Presides over senate, stand in case of emergency or death of president.
  35. Nomination Process -  began in back room, gave way party conventions, and now caucuses
    caucuses -  group stands in corner of room and peole stand by that person reprenting candiate
  36. Electoral College
    • There is total of 538 electoral votes - 3 for ditrict of columbia
    • and need 270 to win, 18 delegates represent  for ohio
  37. EC 2
    Nove 6 election, Dec 4 ec votes in washington, Jan 2 vice president declares winner
  38. Judiciary
    US Supreme Court 9 justices, 13 US Courts of Appeals  3 judges, US district courts 94 1 judge
  39. Trail courts
    Every state has one
  40. Marbury v Madison
    Power of Executive Branch
  41. Judicial policuy making
    declare laws unconstitional, over ruling previous
  42. Warren court
    Shifting away from locken construct, brown v board of education
  43. Bugar
    Roe v wade, pentagon apers, localization of obscentiy
  44. Rehnqusit
    Bush v Gore florida
  45. Effective implementation: Judical decision
    Is well written and easliy understood
  46. Criminal Law
    • regulates indicidal conduct and is enforecd by gov't
    • traditionally state concern
  47. Civil Law
    Regulates conduct and relationship between individuals or companies, involves lawsuits filed by private parties to recover something of value
  48. Bureaucracy =
    Part of Excuective Branch, a set of complex hierarchical departments, agengies, commissions, and their staffs that help president enforce federal laws.
  49. Cabinet Departments under president cabinet
    • 60% of federal workforce
    • subdivided into bureaus - sub-group of Dept. of Defense is FBI
  50. Private Sector type work =
    Amtrak & Postal Service
  51. Independent Agencies =
    • Similar to cabinet depts. but narrower area of responsibility, agency head appointed by and can be removed by president
    • NASA & EPA
  52. Regulatory Agencies =
    • Created to exist outside the cabinet and regualte specific econmic interest
    • NLRB, FCC, SEC, OHSA - 3 branch characterstics.
  53. MAX WEBER's Model
    • Chain of command
    • division of labor
    • specified authortiy
    • impersonality
    • productivity
  54. Development of Bureaucracy =
    • 1789 STATE, WAR, & Treasury Dept's
    • CIVIL SERVICE SYSTEM =  merit system
  55. Reasons why Incumbents Lose:
    • Redistricting
    • Scandals
    • Coattails
    • Mid-term elections
Card Set
American Democracy Now
POL 1010 test 3 congress, judicial, president