child welfare 2 (part two)

  1. Adoptoion Process
    • Home Study
    • Pre-placement conference
    • Presentation
    • Visitation
    • Placement
    • Post-placement
    • Petition
    • Finalization
  2. Criteria for Adoption Assistance 1
    • The child is a part of a sibling group of two (2) or more children who are placed together in one family, at the same time, for the purpose of adoption.
    • The child is of minority heritage, age 2 years or over
    • The child is Caucasian, age 9 or over
  3. Criteria for Adoption Assistance 2
    • The child’s life experiences include three (3) or more years in Tennessee DCS state custody
    • The child’s life experiences include neglect, physical abuse or sexual abuse which rises to the level of severe child abuse as defined in TCA 37-1-102 (b) (21) and as indicated by DCS or adjudicated by a court.
  4. Criteria for Adoption 3
    The child has a moderate to severe medical, physical or psychological condition, diagnosed by a licensed physician, psychologist or licensed mental health professional and the identified condition requires treatment
  5. Deffered Adoption Assistance
    • Deferred Adoption Assistance is reserved for children at high risk of developing, in the future, significant medical, psychological, emotional or behavioral issues due to their past history.
    •      -due to genetic background or birth parent's medical history
    •      -infant exposed to alcohol/drugs
    •      -history of multiple foster/adoptive disrupted placements of 3 or more
  6. Trends in Adoption
    • Fewer infants available for adoption
    • Increase in special needs children
    • Independent adoptions
    • Permanency planning
    • Placement for adolescents
    • Adoption resource exchange
    • Lifelong support services
  7. Experience of Adoption
    Birth Parents Aspect
    • Lack of control
    • Inadequacy
    • Stigmatized
    • Blaming
    • Bitterness and anger
    • Giving up
  8. Experience of Adoption
    • Healthy infants are not as available for adoption
    •      •5-10 year wait through agencies
    • Older children
    •      •More likely to have been abused or neglected
    • Sibling groups
    •      •More effort is being put in keeping siblings together
  9. Experience of Adoption
    Adoptive Parents
    • Couples or individuals
    • May or may not experience infertility
    • May be same sex couples
    • May or may not also be resource parents
    • Full disclosure
    • How open should they be?
    • Post-adoption contact?
    • Expectation is often different from the reality
  10. List Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    • Combined impact of immigration, industrialization, and urbanization
    • The Child Saving Movement
    • Reform School Movement
    • Parens Patriae
    • Charles Loring Brace
    • Jane Adams and Julia Lathrop
  11. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    Combined impact of immigration, industrialization, and urbanization
    • almshouses
    • work houses
    • alsylums for minor offenses
    • same punishment as adults for serious crimes
  12. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    The Child Saving Movement
    • Development of services to meet the needs of children: shelter homes, educational opportunities and social activities
    • Advocated for states to have legal jurisdiction to “control and protect” children
    • Led to the establishment of specialized institutions, “houses of refuge”,  for the purpose of preventing future poverty and crime
    • Children were separated from their undesirable environments, including their parents
  13. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    Reform School Movement
    Institutions exclusively for delinquent and homeless children
  14. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    Parens Patriae
    • The state is the parent
    • Refuge houses were given complete parental control over delinquent and dependent children
    • O’Connell vsTurner
    •      -Challenged the commitment of children without due process of law
    •      -Resulted in admission being restricted to only those children who committed delinquent acts.
  15. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    Charles Loring Brace
    • Opposed refuge houses and reform schools
    • Orphan Trains
    • New York homeless children were sent west to help on rural farms
    • Dual purpose
    •      -Provide homes for the children
    •      -Moral reform
  16. Events Leading to the Development of Juvenile Court
    Jane Adams and Julia Lathrop
    used their influence to develop legislation that created the first juvenile court in Chicago in 1899
  17. Three rationales for juvenile court
    • Children committed crimes, not from a sense of evil or malice, but rather from a sense of need
    • Children suffering from abuse or neglect have to be removed from the family, requiring special procedures to ensure rights were protected
    • Those making decisions about delinquent, abused, or neglected children should have expertise needed to understand the young.
  18. Juvenile Court Act
    Made a _____
    Established _____
    Provided _____
    Permitted _____
    Established ______
    • Made a clear distinction between delinquent and dependent children
    • Established a separate court for juveniles
    • Provided for juvenile probation
    • Permitted commitment of children to institutions under the control of the state law
    • Established juvenile delinquency as a legal concept
  19. U.S. Supreme Court Cases Impacting Juveniles
    • Kent v United States
    • In re Gualt
    • In re Winship
    • McKeiver v Pennsylvania
  20. Kent v United States
    Procedure required for waiving juvenile offenders to adult court
  21. In re Gualt
    • Upheld constitutional rights for children to have due process
    •      -Notice of charges
    •      -Right to counsel
    •      -Right to confront accuser
    •      -Rightto not self incriminate
  22. In re Winship
    Required legal standard of “proof beyond a reasonable doubt” in cases where a juvenile was facing an adult charge
  23. McKeiver v Pennsylvania
    Juveniles do not have the right to a jury trial
  24. Types of Cases Overseen by Juvenile Court
    • Delinquency
    • Unruliness
    • Dependency, Abuse, and Neglect
    • Termination of parental rights
    • Paternity determination
    • Child support
    • Adoption
    • Appointment of a GAL
    • Request for emancipation
    • Request for minor to have abortion without parental consent
  25. Juvenile Court Process
    Court Procedure
    • Intake: Petition is filed
    • Investigation:  Preliminary hearing
    • Adjudication:  fact finding or trial phase
    • Disposition: All orders after the adjudication, how the child is to be treated
  26. Juvenile Court Process
    Juvenile Delinquency Process
    • Complaint
    • Probable cause hearing
    • Arraignment
    • Trial
    • Sentencing
Card Set
child welfare 2 (part two)
child welfare 2