child welfare 2 (part one)

  1. History of Adoption
    Code of Hammurabi
    • If a man adopts a child and names him and raises him as his own they can not be demanded back
    • However, if a family adopts a child and then the child harms the new mother or father they shall return to their original home
  2. History of Adoption
    Ancient Rome
    • Provide a male heir
    • Emphasis on the interest of the adopter; providing a legal tool that strengthened political ties between wealthy families and creating male heirs to manage estates
    • The use of adoption by the aristocracy is well documented; many of Romes emperors were adopted sons
  3. History of Adoption
    In ancient times ______ were rare.
  4. History of Adoption
    In Egypt, abandoned children were ______.
    often placed in slavery
  5. History of Adoption
    In China, males were adopted to _____.
    perform the duties of ancestor worship
  6. History of Adoption
    In India, "secondary sonship" was ______.
    limited and ritualistic so a son could perform funeral duties
  7. History of Adoption
    Massachusetts, 1851
    First state to enact an adoptive statute
  8. History of Adoption
    Minnesota, 1917
    Legal requirement to investigate possible adoptive homes
  9. History of Adoption
    1920's to 1940's
    Statutes passed to deny access to adoption records except on a judical finding of "good cause"
  10. Adoption Legislation
    • Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, 1980
    • Adoptionand Safe Families Act, 1997
  11. Additional Adoption Legislation
    • Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008    
    •       -IV-E funding for subsidized guardianship    
    •       -De-links adoption assistance from AFDC/TANF and SSI income requirements
    • Creates Family Connection grants
    •      -Create or implement kinship programs, intensive family finding efforts, group decision making meetings and residential family treatment programs.
  12. Adoption Defined
    The act of lawfully assuming the parental rights and responsibilities of another person, usually a child under the age of eighteen.  Adoption grants social, emotional, and legal family membership to the person who is adopted.
  13. Concepts of Adoption
    Adoption is ______.
    Adoption establishes _____.
    Adoption is ______.
    Adoption is _____.
    Adoption is ______.
    • not possible without loss
    • a triadic relationship
    • made possible by commitment
    • a service for children
    • a life long process
  14. Values of Adoption
    A child has the right to _____.
    If a child's biological family _____.
    • grow up in a safe nurturing environment with a family
    • can't provide him/her with what he/she needs the child has a right to a subsitute family
  15. Values of Adoption
    Adoption is preferred because _____.
    Children should be _____.
    • it provides legal sanction and permancy of the relationship
    • placed for adoption as early as possible in order to provide as much consistency as possible
  16. Values of Adoption
    Adoption is ____.
    Adoption children are ______.
    • life long for all participants
    • entitled to information on their birth, their biological family, genetic information, placements, and detials of their adoption
  17. Types of Adoptions
    • Related
    • Unrelated
    • Special Needs Adoptions
    • Single Parent Adoptions
    • Transracial or Innerracial Adoptions
    • International Adoptions
    • Independent Adoptions
  18. Related Adoptions
    • Pre-existing tie to a member of the adoptive family
    •      •E.g. a stepfather adopts his wife’s child or a couple adopts the child of their unmarried son/daughter
    • Surrogate mothering
    •      •Mother agrees to be impregnated by the adoptive father’s sperm and then relinquish the child to the sperm donor and his wife
  19. Independent Adoptions
    • Parent identified adoptions
    •      •Parent gives child to someone known to them
    • Gray market:  money is exchanged for legal services, medical bills through an intermediary
    • Black market:  Selling children for profit
  20. Independent placements do not ______.
    Only criteria is the ____.
    There is no _____, _____, ______, ______.
    There is _____ the child. 
    _____ aspects as not as clear. 
    • protect the child’s right to the best home possible
    • ability to pay the fee
    • follow up services, counseling, assurance of confidentiality, protection in adoption disrution
    • insufficient information about the child
    • legal
Card Set
child welfare 2 (part one)
child welfare 2