13.4 Education

  1. Renaissance humanism 
    a.      altered content of education, and Protestant educators were very successful in implementing and using humanist methods in Protestant secondary schools and universities
  2. a.      Difference between humanist and their schools:
    •                                                               i.      Humanists: for elite, their sons and few daughters of nobility and wealthy bourgeoisie
    •                                                             ii.      Protestants: aimed at much wider audience
    • 1.      Created increased need for at least semiliterate followers who could read Bible
  3. a.      Adopted Classical emphasis of humanist schools and broadened base of people 
    •                                                               i.      Need to provide church with good Christians and pastors and state with good administrators and citizensà Martiin Luther said all kids should be educated from state
    • 1.      Urged cities and villages of Saxony to establish schools paid by public
    • a.      Idea shared with Wittenberg coworker Philip Melanchthon, whose educational efforts earned him title of Praecepter Germaniae, Teacher of Germany
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Divided students into three classes based on age and talents  
  4. Following Philip Melanchthon’s example
    • a.      Protestants in Germany responsible for introducing gymnasium where humanist emphasis on liberal arts based on instruction in Greek and Latin combined with religious instruction
    •                                                               i.      Monst famous school by Johannes Sturm in 1538= model for other Protestant schools 
  5. John Calvin’s Genevan Academy
    • a.      founded in 1559, organized into two parts
    •                                                               i.      Private school divided into 7 classes for young who were taught Latin and Greek grammar, literature, and logic
    •                                                             ii.      “public school”: philosophy, Hebrew, Greek, theology
    •                                                           iii.      Became a university
    • 1.      Concentrated on preparing ministers to spread the Calvinist view of the Gospel
Card Set
13.4 Education