13.4 Family

  1. I.                   Family
    • a.      Catholicism praised family and sanctified its existence by making marriage a sacrament
    •                                                               i.      Abstinence made celibate state of clergy preferable to marriage
    •                                                             ii.      Marriage best way to control intercourse
    • 1.      This attitude remained among some Protestant reformers, like Luther, who said sex in marriage allowed one to make use of sex to avoid sin
    • a.      He said if a man can’t control his lust, then get married
  2. a.      Change of family
    •                                                               i.      Catholic and Protestant= advocated more positive side to family relationships
    • 1.      Protestants greatly contributed to new view of family due to elimination of any idea of special holiness for celibacy and abolishing both monasticism and celibate clergy
    • a.      Family now center of life and stress on love between man and wife
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Opposite views
    • 1.      Reality: role of husband as ruler
    • 2.      Radical religious: partners
    • a.      Luteher said woman shouldn’t go beyond personal duties
  3. Women
    • 1.      Obedience and bear children= part of divine plan
    • 2.      Although view of Eve causing punishment through childbirth, Lutehr viewed it as blessing and holy vocation
    • 3.      Family life only destiny
    • 4.      By emphasizing father as “ruler” and center of household religion, Protestantism removed woman from traditional role as controller of religion at home 
  4. Bible
    • 1.      Call on men and women to read bible and participate in religious services together
    • a.      Stimulus for education of girls so they could read Bible, etc.
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      City council of Zwickau established girls’ school in 1525
    • 1.      Designed to encourage proper moral values rather than intellectual development; little improvement of position in society
    • 2.      When women attempted to be active in religious life, reformers mortified
    • a.      Equality of Gospel didn’t mean overthrowing inequality of social classes or sexes
  5. Overall
                                                                  i.      Overall: Protestant reformation didn’t transform women’s inferiority in society
Card Set
13.4 Family