SS Seventh Grade CBA

  1. Define Evolution
    The process of change especially from a lower or simpler to a higher or more complex state
  2. Define adaption
    A change in an organism or its parts that fits it better for the conditions of it's enviroment; a structure resulting from this change
  3. Define hominid
    A  near or near-direct ancestor of humans
  4. Define the Paleolithic Age (Pal, you're so old-style!)
    Of, relating to, or being the second period of the Stone age marked by rough or crudely chipped stone implements
  5. Define a nomad
    A member of a people that had no fixed home but moves from place to place
  6. Define hunter-gatherer
    One that obtains food through hunting, fishing, and gathering rather than agriculture
  7. Define Migrate
    To move from one place, country, or locality to another
  8. Define glacier
    A large body of ice moving slowly down a slope or valley or spreading outward on a long surface
  9. Define language 
    The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a large group of people.
  10. Define Neolithic
    Also called the New Stone Age, when people changed from food gatherers to food producers
  11. Define agriculture
    The science or occupation of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising live-stock
  12. Define revolution
    A sudden, extreme, or complete change
  13. Define fertile
    Producing vegitation or crops plentifully
  14. Define surplus
    The amount more than needed
  15. Define domesticate
    To adapt to living with human beings and to serve their purposes
  16. Define specialization
    The development of different kinds of jobs
  17. Define metallurgy
    The science of obtaining metals from their ores and preparing them for use
  18. Define irrigate
    To supply with water by artificial means
  19. Define settlement
    A small village
  20. Define animism
    The belief that all natural things are alive and have their own spirits
  21. Paleolithic Age = ?
    Old Stone Age 
  22. ? = Old Stone Age
     Paleolithic Age
  23. When did the Pal. Age start
    2,500,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE
  24. What is the main charateristic of the Paleolithic Age
  25. Define Migration
    to move from one location to another
  26. Why were did Paleolithic people possibly migrate? (4)
    More people = Less food, climate changes, curiousity, or maybe exploration
  27. Hunter-gathers traveled in bans of how many people?
  28. Where did hunter-gatherers live?
    caves or wood/bone shelters
  29. List three positives in the increase in amount/advanced tools and weapons
    Increase in hunting ability, advantage over game, less risk.
  30. What were weapons made from in the Pal. age>
    • Stone, bone, and wood.
    • Ex: spear, arrows, and fish hooks
  31. Why did language come about?
    To plan and cooperate during hunts
  32. Why was clothing invented?
    (SUPPOSUDLY!!!) to keep warm
  33. Why is the control of fire so important?
    Heat, light, cooking, and protection
  34. Cave paintings  = ?
    Ancient kind of art
  35. ? = Ancient kind of art
    Cave paintintgs
  36. name six possible reasons for cave paintings
    Religious - animism, show power over animals, decoration, entertainment, history/identification, fertility
  37. Themes of cave paintings
    Animals, shapes/sympols, and figures
  38. Who buried their dead first?
  39. What was a man's job in the Paleolithic age?
    Hunting and fishing
  40. What was a woman's job in the paleolithic age?
    gathered and cared for children
  41. Neolithic Age = ? = Neolithic Revolution
    New Stone Age
  42. ? = New Stone Age = neolithic revolution
    Neolithic Age
  43. Neolithic Age = New Stone Age = ?
    Neolithic revolution
  44. What were the first crops
    Wheat and barley = grains
  45. Who were the first to domesticate?
    Neolithic People
  46. Why domesticate?
    Food/Materials, companionship/enjoyment, and labor/transportation
  47. Who were the first domesticated animals?
    Dogs, sheep, cattle, pigs, and goats
  48. Why were certain animals domesticated and the others weren't?
    Nutritous (taste good), easily fed, breed fast and grow fast, pleasant = easily imprisoned, and recognize human dominance.
  49. What were some problems of early farmers?
    Nature and the elements, when and where to plant, and threats from neighbors.
  50. Define smelting
    Heating ore and melting it which seperated the metal from the rock.
  51. What was the first metal?
  52. What was the effect of using copper?
    Produced better tools and weapons 
  53. What did better tools and weapons of the Neolithic age lead to?
    More efficient farming tools, increase in trade, and new jobs created
  54. What were the first two villages? (Cave man!)
    Jericho and Catal Huyuk
  55. When did agriculture start?
    Neolithic age
  56. 1st settlements when?
    Neolithicc age
  57. What does the term reign mean?
    the period during which a soverign occupies the throne
  58. What are the three early archaeology periods?
    Iron, Stone, and Bronze Ages
  59. What does the term home territory mean?
    an area where hunters and getherers lived
Card Set
SS Seventh Grade CBA
Made 12/5/12, CBA 12/6/12