13.3 The Spread of the Protestant Reformation: The Anabaptists

  1. Anabaptists
    • a.      Reformers ready to let state play important role in church, but some rejected and favored radical reform= Anabaptists
    •                                                               i.      Members of a large variety of groups who shared common characteristics; attracted peasants, weavers, miners, and artisans
  2. Ideas
    •                                                               i.      True Christian church voluntary association of believers who had undergone spiritual rebirth and had been baptized into Church
    •                                                             ii.      Adult rather than infant baptism
    •                                                           iii.      No force to accept truth of bible
    •                                                           iv.      Tried to return literally to practices and spirit of early Christianity
    • 1.      Strict sort of democracy where believers were equal
    • a.      Church chose minister, who might be anyone except women
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Ministers led services
  3. Called themselves...
    •                                                               i.      Called themselves Christians or Saints and accepted their suffering for the ir faith
    •                                                             ii.      Rejected theological speculation in favor of simple Christiian living according to pure word of God
    • 1.      Lord’s supper: remembernace
  4. Completed ...
    •                                                               i.      Complete separation of church and state
    • 1.      Government to be excluded and not supposed to exercise political jurisdiction over real Christians
    • 2.      Human law= no power over those God saved
    • 3.      Refused to hold office or bear arms due to commandment
  5. Regarded as..
    •                                                               i.      Regarded as dangerous radicals
    • 1.      Protestants and Catholics wanted to get rid of them
  6. Varieties of Anabaptists
    •                                                               i.      Swiss Brethren in Zurich
    • 1.      Ideas, such as Adult baptism, frightened Zwingli, and they were expelled
    • Since first memerbs were already baptized, they were called Anabaptists or rebaptists and subject to death penalty
  7. Spread led to
    • 1.      Spreadà Anabaptists suffering persecutions , especially after the Peasants’ War of 1524-25, when the upper classes resorted to repression
    • a.      Survived and took on strange form
  8. 1530s: Munster in Germany
    •                                                               i.      1530s: Munster in Germany was site of Anabaptist uprising that determined fate of Dutch Anabaptism
    • 1.      Seat of a powerful Catholic prince-bishop, Munster faced economic disasters
    • 2.      Although converted to Lutheranism, it experienced radical mass religious hysteria that led to recognition for Anabaptists
  9. Melchiorites
    •                                                               i.      Anabaptists became haven for Anabaptists form surrounding neighborhood, especially the more wild variety called Melchiorites, who adhered to a vivid millenarianism
    • 1.      Believed end of world at hand and they had to usher in Kingdom of God
  10. Munster=
    • a.      Muster = new Jerusalem
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Led to their taking control of city in 1534, driving the unbelievers out, burning all books but bible, and proclaimed communal ownership to all property
  11. John of Leidin
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      king of New Jerusalem
    • 1.      As king: leader elected from Munster out to cover entire world and purify it of evil by the sword in prep for Jesus’ second Coming and creation of a New Age, where all goods would be held in common and saints would live without suffering
  12. Leidin Failure
    • a.      Didn’t happen
    • as prince-bishop of Muster raised force and sieged city, leading to postponement of ushering until, after inhabitants starved, a joint army of Catholics and Lutherans recaptured the city in June 1535 and executed the radical Anabaptist leaders in gruesome fashion= no more New Jerusalem
  13. Dutch Anabaptism
    • 1.      reverted to pacifist tendencies
    • a.      Menno Simons
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Rejuvenated Dutch Anabaptism and dedicated life to spread of peaceful, evangelical Anabaptism that stressed separation from the worl din order to truly model Jesus
  14. Followers of Menno Simons
    • 1.      Followers called Mennonites and spread from Netherlands to Germany, Poland, Lithuania, and New World
    • a.      Both they and the Amish, also descendants from Anabaptists, remain today
Card Set
13.3 The Spread of the Protestant Reformation: The Anabaptists