1. What is classical conditioning?
    • Unassociated stimuli can produce reflexive behavior
    • Learning by association (Pavlov's dog)
  2. Operant conditioning
    • B.F. Skinner
    • Unconscious determined behavior overrides conscious determination
    • Consequence of behavior can affect future behavior
  3. What is positive reinforcement?
    • Pleasant consequence follows a response
    • Part of operant conditioning
  4. What is negative reinforcement?
    Withdrawal of unpleasant stimulus to increase likelihood of response (also called escape)
  5. What is omission?
    • Like a time out
    • Removal of a pleasant stimulus
  6. What is punishment?
    Presenting an unpleasant stimulus (like voice control)
  7. What is observational learning?
    Behavior imitation observed in a social context (from others)
  8. What is the goal of behavior guidance?
    Ease fear and anxiety while promoting oral health
  9. What are the four essentials of communication?
    • The sender
    • The message
    • The context in which message is sent
    • The receiver
  10. What is the goal of distraction?
    • Decrease perception of unpleasantness
    • Avert negative or avoidance behavior
  11. what is successive approximation?
    Successive steps to condition the child to accept intervention
  12. What are some examples of advanced behavior guidance?
    • Protective stabilization
    • Sedation
    • General anesthesia
Card Set
GDA lecture 8