Physiology: Body Systems

  1. Structures for the integumentary system?
    hair, skin, sense receptors, nail and oil glands
  2. what's the function for the integumentary system?
    • -protection
    • -regulation of body temperature
    • -synthesis of hormones and chemicals
    • -serves as a sense organ
  3. structures for the skeletal system
    • -bones which are divided into two parts
    • -joints
  4. what are the two parts which the bone is divided into?
    the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
  5. what's the fucntion of the skeletal system?
    • -movement due to cross joints.
    • -storage of minerals
    • -blood formation
    • -supports the body
    • -protects the body parts
  6. structures of the muscular system?

    • 1. visceral
    • 2. involuntary
    • 3. smooth
    • 4. Skeletal
    • 5.voluntary
    • 6.straited
    • 7.cardiac
  7. what are the functions for the visceral, involuntary and smooth muscles?
    • -visceral: guts
    • -involuntary: you don't have to think about it
    • -smooth: looks smooth
  8. whatare the functions for the skeletal, voluntary, straited and cardiac muscles?
    • -skeletal: provides body movement.
    • -voluntary: you need to think about it
    • -cardiac: acquires an intrensic beat
  9. what are the functions for the muscle system?
    • -movement
    • -maintains body posture and tone
    • -production of body heat
  10. what are the structures for the endocryne system
    • -hypothalmus 
    • -pituitary gland
    • -pineal gland
    • -thyroid
    • -parathyroid
    • -adrenal
    • -pancreas
    • -ovaries 
  11. function of hypothalmus?
    • -links between brain and pituitary gland.
    • -controls emotions
  12. fucntion of pituitary gland
    secretes HGH hormone 
  13. fucntion of the pineal gland
    -senses light in dark areas and produces melatonin
  14. what does melatonin do and what happens if you lack it and what does it produce?
    melatonin helps sleep. Lack causes s.a.d which is seasonal adjusted disorder. It produces melatosites and causes the color in our skin.
  15. purpose of thyroid
    • -produces thyroxine which regulated metabolism.
    • -produces calcitonin which regulates calcium in your blood. (takes calcium from blood into the bone.)
  16. purpose of parathyroid?
    produces parathyroid hormone which takes calcium from bone into the blood.
  17. purpose of adrenal (kidneys)
    • -produces epinephrine (adrenaline)
    • -has the ability to use glucose and increases heart/respiration. 
  18. purpose of pancreas
    secretes insulin
  19. purpose of ovaries and testes
    • ovaries:
    • -estrogen: female sex hormone.
    • -progesterone: pregnancy hormone which keeps a woman pregnant if they're pregnant.

    • testes:
    • -testosterone
  20. what's the function of the endocryne system?
    • secretes hormones into the blood
    • communication (slow and long duration)
    • integration / control to maintain homeostasis. 
  21. what is the feedback loop?
    nervous system -> endocrine system -> targets the cells -> action takes place -> nervous system....
  22. structures of the cardiovascular system?
    • -heart
    • -blood vessels
  23. what do the blood vessels include?
    • -arteries (takes blood away from the heart)
    • -veins (returns blood back to the heart)
    • -cappilaries  
  24. what's the fucntion of the cardiovascular system?
    -transportation of oxygen, wastes, nutrients, immune system
  25. structures for the lymphatic system 
    • -lymph nodes 
    • -lymph vessels
    • -thymus
    • -spleen 
  26. purpose of the thymus?
    makes lymphocytes which are white blood cells
  27. purpose of the spleen?
    located in left side under rib cage. used for defense. 
  28. function of the lymphatic system?
    immune system which is a response to foreign antigens
  29. structure of the urinary system?
  30. where are the kidneys lcated at and what are they connected to?
    • located to the right at the base of the ribs. 
    • connected to the ureters which connect to the urinary bladders. 
  31. what's the function of the urinary system
    • -cleans the blood by going through the kidneys
    • -keeps electrolytes balances
    • -water balance
  32. the nervous system has two sub divisions. what are they?
    • -central nervous system 
    • -peripheral nervous system
  33. what does the central nervous system include?
    • -Brain:
    • cerebrum: big thoughts 
    • cerebellum: coordination for muscles

    -Spinal Cord
  34. what does the peripheral nervous system include?
    -nerves (neurons)
  35. function of the nervous system?
    • -communication
    • -integration
    • -control
  36. structures of respiratory system
    • -nose
    • -pharynx
    • -larynx
    • -trachea
    • -bronchi
    • -lungs: alveoli gas exchange takes place

    function: exchange of gases
  37. What are the structures for the digestive system?
    • -mouth
    • -pharynx
    • -esophagus
    • -stomach
    • -small intestines : everything is broken down and absorbed
    • -large intestines: water is reabsorbed and is compacted
    • -rectum
    • -anal canal
  38. what does the liver do and which system does it belong to?
    makes bile which emulsifies fat. located: digestive system
  39. pancreas purpose and which system?
    • makes pancreatic juice which helps speed up digestion.
    • digestive system
  40. gall bladder purpose and location
    stores the bile and digestive system
  41. what's the function of the digestive system?
    • -mechanical & chemical breakdown of food
    • -absorption of nutrients 
    • -elimination of solid undigested waste
Card Set
Physiology: Body Systems
Physiology: Body Systems