Psychology 10th chapter

  1. _________ refers to the capacity to retain and retrieve information.





    C. memory
  2. The comparison of memory to a video camera is:





    D.
  3. The inability to distinguish what you originally experienced from what you heard or were told about an event later is called:





    A.
  4. Which of the following has NOT been shown to affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony?





    B.
  5. Conscious, intentional recollection of an event or of an item of information is called:





    A.
  6. Unconscious retention of memory, as evidenced by the effect of a previous experience or previously encountered information on current thoughts and actions is called:





    B.
  7. Under most circumstances, when you are intentionally trying to remember an item of information, __________ is an easier task than __________.





    D.
  8. Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic memory processes?





    B.
  9. Which memory system has a limited capacity and stores items for about 30 seconds?





    A.
  10. Which memory system has an unlimited capacity and can keep information for hours or decades?





    C.
  11. In the “three-box model of memory,” which memory system holds information for a very short period of time until it can be processed further?





    B.
  12. Visual images remain in sensory memory for a maximum of:





    A.
  13. Auditory images remain in sensory memory for about:





    A.
  14. ___________ acts as a holding bin, retaining information in a highly accurate form until we can select items for attention.





    A.
  15. In the 1950s, George Miller estimated the capacity of short-term memory to be the:





    C.
  16. Information in short-term memory is retained for about _______ if it is not rehearsed.





    C.
  17. Which component of memory has been referred to as a “leaky bucket”?





    A.
  18. Which of the following is considered to be an implicit memory?





    C.
  19. Memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occurred are called:





    B.
  20. Memories for the performance of actions or skills are called:





    D.
  21. Memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, concepts and propositions, are called:





    B.
  22. __________ could be called “knowing how to do something memories.”





    A.
  23. Which of the following is NOT a procedural memory?





    B.
  24. Which memory from Shannon’s fourth grade experience would be an episodic memory?





    C.
  25. Which of the following would be among Patty’s semantic memories?





    B.
  26. When you remember what happened on your first day of college, you are relying on your ___________ memory.





    B.
  27. When you remember which keys to press when you’re typing your paper, you are relying on your ___________ memory.





    C.
  28. When you remember how to push off with your feet in order to ride your bike and push the handle brakes to slow it down, you are relying on your ______________ memory.





    C.
  29. When you remembered that Freud discovered psychoanalysis for your midterm, you were relying on your _________ memory.





    D.
  30. When Todd recalled times when his mother was clinically depressed during his childhood, he was relying on his ____________ memory.





    A.
  31. When you remember the definition for “classical conditioning” for your final in this class, you will be relying on your _____________ memory.





    B.
  32. A long-lasting increase in the strength of synaptic responsiveness is called:





    C.
  33. _________ is thought to be the biological mechanism underlying long-term memory.





    C.
  34. The process by which long-term memory becomes durable and stable is called:





    A.
  35. . During short-term memory tasks, _________ is especially active.





    C.
  36. __________ plays a critical role in the formation of long-term declarative memories.





    C.
  37. Formation and retention of procedural memories may involve the:





    C.
  38. Maintenance rehearsal is defined as:





    D.
  39. ________ involves associating new items of information with material that has already been stored.





    C.
  40. 40. _________ occurs when instead of encoding just the physical or sensory features of the information, the meaning of information is analyzed.





    D.
  41. As she studies her psychology textbook, Marilyn wants to make sure that she remembers that “sound intensity is measured in units called decibels and that each decibel is one-tenth of a bel, which is a unit named after Alexander Graham Bell.” Marilyn creates a visual image of 10 little elf-like Alexander Graham Bells trying to turn up the volume of a huge stereo. Her strategy is called:





    A.
  42. In order to help her music students learn the lines of the “treble clef” in musical notation, the teacher has them learn the sentence “Every Good Boy Does Fine.” This is an example of:





    C.
  43. According to the _________ theory of forgetting, information in memory eventually disappears if it is not accessed.





    C.
  44. According to the _______ theory of forgetting, one’s original perception can be erased by new and misleading information.





    C.
  45. According to the __________ theory of forgetting, information may get into memory, but it becomes confused with other information.





    A.
  46. According to the _____ theory of forgetting, we may feel as if we are lost among the stacks in the mind’s library.





    C.
  47. Mood-congruent memory, state-dependent memory, and context-dependent memory are all examples of:





    D.
  48. Which of the following is the most common cause of forgetting?





    C.
  49. ________ is defined as forgetting the occurs when recently learned material interferes with the ability to remember similar materials stored previously.





    A.
  50. ________ is defined as forgetting that occurs when previously stored material interferes with the ability to remember similar, more recently stored, material.





    C.
  51. Research on retrieval cues shows that:





    B.
  52. After befriending a drunken millionaire, Charlie Chaplin is surprised when the man doesn’t recognize him the next day. In the evening, as the millionaire begins drinking again, Charlie is greeted as a pal. This episode from City Lights was used in the text to illustrate:





    B.
  53. If you are trying to retrieve a memory, you will be better able to do so if:





    C.
  54. Given the current research on recovered memories, we should be skeptical if a person says that:





    A.
  55. Research on autobiographical memory indicates that most adults cannot recall any events until about:





    C.
Author
atc_parker05
ID
18690
Card Set
Psychology 10th chapter
Description
study aid
Updated