Bio Chapter 13

  1. selective breeding
    method of breeding that allows only those individual organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation
  2. hybridization
    breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms
  3. inbreeding
    continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics to bring together the best traits of both organisms
  4. genetic engineering
    process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms
  5. restriction enzyme
    enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
  6. gel electrophoresis
    procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel
  7. recombinant DNA
    DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
  8. polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
    technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene
  9. plasmid
    small circular piece of DNA
  10. genetic marker
    gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with foreign DNA from those that don't
  11. transgenic
    term used to refer to an organism that contains genes from other organisms
  12. clone
    member of a population of genetically identical cells produced from a single cell
Card Set
Bio Chapter 13
Bio Vocab. Unit 4