minimum stimuli needed to be detectable about half the time
Achievement vs. Aptitude
Achievement is what you already know, while aptitude is what you're capable of learning
long, tedious method of finding a solution. (go through all possibilities)
strategic method of finding a solution, more prone to error. (only considering answers that would make sense)
unselfish regard for the welfare of others
having both masculine and feminine dispositions of the mind (coined by Sandra Bem)
applying your own beliefs and motives to those around you
Where the optic nerve leaves the eye; since there are no receptors there, one cannot see.
(left frontal lobe) controls language and muscle movements involved with speaking. Aphysia leaves one unable to speak.
grouping large lists into smaller, easy-to-remember chunks of information.
having differing beliefs.
Cross sectional studies
comparing people of different ages
retrieves signals from axons
sends signals to dendrites
conducts signals from axons to dendrites
stages of sleep waves; Beta, Alpha, Theta, Delta (REM)
Rapid Eye Movement sleep. A deep stage which usually involves dreaming.
minimum difference needed between two stimuli to detect the difference about half the time
Divergent and Convergent thinking
divergent thinking involves looking for more than one answer (finish the word: S_____). convergent thinking involves only finding one answer (multiple choice questions).
found that it was easy to remember important things rather than nonsense ideas. Practice made perfect
After not associating one stimuli with another for some time, it comes back easier later on
being able to repeat information within a 4 second delay
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine
in charge of attention
pain killing neurotransmitter
involving in appetite and sleep. also involved with memory
tendency for people to agree to a large request after agreeing to a small one
people think logically about concept ideas
central focal point in the retina
an unconscious revealer: after hearing one word, you verbalize the first word that comes to mind. (cat: dog, milk: cow, house: mom)
the inability to see new functions for objects. (screwdriver can't be used as a weight)
Fundamental attribution error
tendency for observers of another person to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition. Ex: if someone is acting grouchy, you might assume that she's a grouchy person, even though she might just be having a bad day.
When repeating something causes the results to be less accurate (ie, tests)
Surrogate mothers. Nature vs. Nurture. Nurture is more important for infants psyche
settings influence productivity. (working at an office produces better results than working in a lounge)
maintains homeostasis (balancing parts of the body), located below the thalamus in the brain. Directs maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature) and helps govern the endocrine & pituitary gland. Is also linked to emotion.
Emotion center of the brain
seeing a relationship when none is present
newborn animal sees first moving object as its mother
(retroactive/proactive inhibition) Retroactive interference: new information makes it harder to recall something you learned earlier. Proactive interference: old information makes it harder to recall newer information.