removal of waste from blood by passing through a membrane
  2. allograft
    organ transfer from one species to another
  3. cannula
    tube for insertion into a body cavity or duct to remove fluid
  4. lithopexy
    crushing stone in the bladder or kidney to remove stone fragments
  5. urography
    group of X ray methods to examine urinary system
  6. nephrectomy
    removal of a kidney
  7. calcifications
    accumulation of salts in tissue
  8. pyeloplasty
    surgical repair of renal pelvis
  9. enuresis
    involuntary urination/ bedwetting
  10. urology
    study of urinay tract of males and females; genital tract in males
  11. renal failure
    kidney does not function properly
  12. kidneys are protected by:
    renal capsule, adipose capsule, renal fascia
  13. kidneys are located in the:
    retroperitonal area of the back
  14. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of renal pelvis
  15. Bowman's capsule
    urinary space surrounding glomerulus
  16. neprhopathy/ renopathy
    any kidney disease
  17. rugae
    folds in bladder wall when empty
  18. nephrolithiasis
    condition of calculi (stone) in the kidney
  19. nephrolith/ renolith
    kidney stone
  20. glomerulus
    capillary cluster in nephron of kidney where filtering occurs
  21. nephritis
    inflammation of kidney
  22. vesico
    comb. form for sac or bladder
  23. vesicocele
    herniation of bladder into vagina
  24. cystography
    study of bladder using contrast medium
  25. dysuria
    painful urination
  26. pyuria
    pus in the urine
  27. oliguria
    decrease in urine output
  28. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  29. micturition
  30. vasopressin/ ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  31. uremia
    toxins in the blood
  32. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  33. incontinence
    involuntary urination
  34. renal hilus
    indentation in kidney where arteries and veins enter and exit
  35. nephron
    main functioning unit of kidney
  36. ureters
    tubes from kidney to the bladder
  37. urethra
    tube from bladder to outside of the body
  38. cystitis
    inflammation of bladder due to infection
  39. renal pelvis
    part of kidney where urine collects
  40. calio/calico
  41. glomerulo
    ball, cluster
  42. medullo
  43. nephro
  44. pyelo
    trough, basin, pelvis
  45. reno
  46. uretero
  47. cysto
    sac. anything that holds fluid
  48. uro
    urinary tract, urine
  49. vesico
  50. meato
  51. urethro
  52. urino
  53. -uria
  54. -uresis
  55. catheterization
    introduction of a catheter into the bladder to remove fluid to obtain a sterile specimen of urine for testing. I&O (intake and output)
  56. intravenous pyelography (IVP)
    x-ray study of the kidney, ureter, and bladder using an intravenous contrast medium
  57. urinalysis (UA)
    analysis of the urine to determine its physical, chemical, and microscopic properties.

    physical properties may include color, appearance, quantity, PH, and specific gravity

    chemical properties are protein, sugar, ketone bodies, and bilirubin.

    a microscopic exam shows red and white blood cells, crystals, casts, and pus.
  58. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    test that measures the concentration of urea in the blood
  59. creatinine clearance
    test that measures the ability of the kidney to remove creatinine from the blood; used as an estimate of glomerular filtration rate.
  60. cystitis
    inflammation of the urinary bladder
  61. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  62. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis; usually due to infection. usually affects whole kidney
  63. Bright's disease
    chronic nephritis
  64. Folly
    the little tube that gies in the urethra (urinary cathetar)
  65. oligo
  66. vitiligo/ leukoderma
    white skin
  67. debridement
    the removing of cutting away of dead tissue
  68. voiding
  69. exfoliation
    getting rid of dead skin
  70. excoriation
    an abrasion of the skin caused by trauma, chemicals or burn
  71. vesicle
    small bladder or sac. contains fluid
  72. lentigo
  73. nevus
    a mole or a birthmark
  74. alopecia
  75. exudation
    to pass serum or puss out of tissue
  76. erythema
    an all over redness of the skin (sunburn)
  77. petechiae
    very small red dots on the skin
  78. ecchymosis
    very large bruise
  79. exacerbate
    to make something worse
  80. nocturia
    excessive urination at night
  81. hematuria
    blood in the urine
  82. diuresis
    excreting a large amount of urine
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