Pharmacology competency exam

  1. Celsius to Fahrenheit
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  2. Fahrenheit to Celsius
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  3. 1 minim = 1 ____ = 1 ____
    • gtt
    • grain
  4. 1 ounce = __ drams.
    8
  5. 1 grain = ___ mcg.
    60
  6. 1 gram = ___ grains.
    15
  7. 1 mL = ___ minims.
    15
  8. 1 mL = ___ cc.
    1
  9. 1 dram = ___ mL.
    4
  10. 1 teaspoon = ___ mL.
    5
  11. tablespoon = ___ mL.
    15
  12. ounce = ___ mL.
    30
  13. 1 kg =___ lbs.
    2.2 
  14. What 6 things must be on a label?
    • generic name
    • strength
    • manufacturer
    • lot or control number
    • expiration date
    • barcode
  15. What is the dosage calculation formula?
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  16. What is defined as a way of treating/preventing an illness?
    therapeutic method
  17. Type of therapy that tx with medications
    drug therapy
  18. Type of therapy that tx by manipulation of diet
    diet therapy
  19. Type of therapy that tx with natural resources like heat, light, and water
    physiotherapy
  20. Type of therapy that tx by identifying stressors and stress reduction techniques
    psychological therapy
  21. What is a chemical substance that has an effect on loiving tissues?
    drug
  22. What is a therapeutic drug used in prevention/tx of a disease?
    medicine
  23. Opiates and Digitalis are two meds derived from ___________.
    plant sources
  24. _______ ensures the purity and potency of a drug.
    drug standards
  25. Which source of drug information is most useful for quick comparisons of brand and generic names and checking the availability of strengths and dosage forms?
    American drug index
  26. Which source of drug information is most useful for drug interactions?
    drug interaction facts
  27. Which source of drug information is most useful for its inclusing of the most current FDA approved package insert info and for cross comparison tables of similar drugs?
    Drug facts and comparisons
  28. Once in the body, all drugs go through which four stages?
    • ADME:
    • absorption
    • distribution
    • metabolism
    • excretion
  29. The Controlled Substances Act classifies drugs into "schedules".  The lower the schedule the ______ potential for abuse.
    higher
  30. Which legislation was written to require companies to determine the safety of medications before marketing?
    The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
  31. Which legislation was enacted to stimulate development and availability of drugs to treat rare diseases?
    The Orphan Drug Act
  32. Which governmental body was organized to gather intelligence, train, conduct research in the area of dangerous drugs and drug abuse, and enforce the Controlled Substance Act?
    Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
  33. What nursing assessment is done before starting a patient on a beta-adrenergic blocking agent?
    Blood pressure and heart rate
  34. Which beta stimulant is used for bronchodilation and to stop premature labor?
    Terbutaline (Brethine)
  35. Which condition is dopamine commonly used to treat?
    Shock
  36. A drug that prodces sleep is a
    hypnotic
  37. A drug that quiet/relaxes, but does not necessarily produce sleep is a
    sedative
  38. What are the three classes of sedatives and hypnotics?
    • barbiturates
    • benzodiazepines
    • misc
  39. A class of sedatives and hypnotics that decreases impulses to the cerebral cortex; used as a sedative-hypnotic.
    barbiturates
  40. Some examples of barbiturates are:
    • pentobarbital (Nembutal)
    • phenobarbital (Luminal)
    • secobarbital (Seconal)
  41. A class of sedatives and hypnotics that is safer than barbiturates; OD not usually fatal, and is the most commonly used.
    benzodiazepines
  42. Examples of benzodiazepines:
    • lorazepam (Ativan)
    • midazolam (Versed)
    • triazolam (Halcion)
  43. Drowsiness, lethargy, and a hangover effect are side effects of:
    benzodiazepines
Author
mel26704
ID
186145
Card Set
Pharmacology competency exam
Description
Pharmacology
Updated