1. % of plasma?
  2. How many L of blood in human body?
  3. What do red blood cells do?
    Carry oxygen
  4. What do WBC's do?
    Fight infection
  5. Right side heart has?
    Deoxygenated blood
  6. Left side of heart has?
    Oxygenated blood
  7. Functions of blood?
    • Transportation
    • Protection
    • Regulation
  8. Normal range of pH?
  9. Two types of Leukocytes?
    • Nongranulocytes
    • Granulocytes
  10. Two types of Nongranulocytes?
    • Lymphocytes
    • Monocytes
  11. Two types Granulocytes??
    • Neutrophils
    • Eosinophils
    • Basophils
  12. What are Lymphocytes?
    • Responsible for antibody formation.
    • B memory cells
  13. What are Monocytes?
    Engulf foreign antigens and cell debris.
  14. What are Neutrophils?
    Essential in phagocytosis.
  15. What are Eosinophils?
    Essential in allergic reaction and against parasites.
  16. What are Basophils?
    Respond to inflammation and release histamine.
  17. What is vessel spasm?
    The smooth muscle in the vesses reflexively contract and initiate the next steps.
  18. What is platelet plug formation?
    Stick to the exposed edges of damaged blood vessels, forming a net with spiny processes protruding from the membranes.
  19. What is clot formation?
    Thromboplastin, which activates the first in a series of factors leading to the production of prothrombin activator.
  20. What medicine is given to a mother rh + and kid with rh -??
  21. Symptoms when given the wrong blood type?
    • Shock
    • High temp
    • Tachycardia
    • Low B/P
  22. PT/INR Normal levels? Therapeutic level?
    • 11-12.5sec/0.7-1.8
    • 2-3 times/1.5-2times
  23. Drug that you need a PT/INR?
  24. PTT normal range?
    Therapeutic level?
    • 60-70sec
    • Therapeutic 1.5times
  25. When is coumadin given??
    Evening after results.
  26. Hematocrit (hct) normal range?
    • Male. 42%-52%
    • Female. 37%-47%
  27. Hemoglobin (Hgb) normal ranges?
    • Male 14-18g/dl
    • Female 12-16g/dl
  28. RBC count normal range?
    • Male 4.7-6.1million/mm3
    • Female 4.2-5.4million/mm3
  29. WBC normal range?
  30. Normal platelet countt??
  31. Iron normal level?
    • Male 75-175mg/L
    • Female 65-165mg/L
  32. CMP Mean?
    Complete metabolic panel
  33. Bleeding time small scab?
  34. Clotting time of cut?
  35. Schilling test?
    Urine test find out B12 absorption.
  36. Megoblastic test?
    Blood test to find B12 deficiency
  37. Bone marrow aspiration is what type of test?
  38. Bone marrow biopsy is what test?
    Sample of tissue.
  39. What does a low albumin level mean? what is it for?
    • Bad diet
    • Maintaining colloidal osmotic pressure
  40. What is Globulin?
    Essential for blood coagulation
  41. What is fibrinogen?
    Contain the antibodies essential in the body defence against microorganisms
  42. What is the spleen and how much blood does it hold?
    • Destroys worn out RBCs
    • Removes bacteria
    • Production of T cells
  43. RBC lifespan
    120 days
  44. Hgb
  45. what is hemoglobin?
    the main component of erythrocytes and serves as the vehicle for the transportaion of oxygen and CO2
  46. Hct
    hemotocrit, precentage measures packed RBCs
  47. CBC
    complete blood count
  48. What is anemia?
    a disorder RBC hemotocrit below normal
  49. clinical manifestation of anemia 7?
    • SOB
    • Dyspnea
    • fatigue
    • HA
    • Insomnia
    • Pallor
    • Tachycardia
  50. Anemia Diagnositic?
    • CBC with diffirential
    • Low RBC
    • Low hematocrit
    • low hemoglobin
  51. What is hypovolemic anemia?
    small amount of blood loss
  52. Clinical manifestation for hypovolemic shock 7?
    • lose 1000ml blood
    • Weakness
    • stupor
    • irritability
    • hipotension
    • hypothermia
    • cool, moist skin
  53. Artistic rendition of hemolytic anemia?
    wrong blood product.
  54. Dignosis for hypovolemic shock?
    • decrease b/p
    • pulse increase
    • respiration increase
    • skin pale
    • CBC
    •   HGB, HCT, and RBC low
  55. Signs of pernicious anemia?
    red beefy toungue, jaundice, memory loss, tingling hands and feet.
  56. Pernisious anemia happens more often with?
    older people
  57. What is pernicious anemia?
    Autoimmune disorderunable to absorb vitamin b12
  58. What is aplastic anemia?
    Decrease in bone marrow function.
  59. What is specific to aplstic anemia?
  60. What does pancytopenic mean
    low everything on cbc
  61. What is iron deficiency anemia?
    • RBCs low levels of hemoglobin.
    • excess loss of iron.
  62. Iron deficiency diagnosis?
    • low RBC
    • Low Hgb
    • Low HCT
    • Low Serum iron
    • Low TIBC
  63. When giving iron you dont give it with? you do give it with?
    • No milk
    • Mix orange juice
  64. When taking iron signs?
    Dark stool and constipation
  65. When taking iron you will be positive for?
  66. Sickle cell anemia is?
    Abnormal shapped RBCs due to receseive gene.
  67. Sikledex is?
    to see clients HgB, sickle cell hemoglobin
  68. HgB electrophoresis is?
    to distinguish if it is trait or the disease
  69. Diagnosis of sickle cell?
    • Electrophoresis of hemoglobin
    • CBC
    • Low RBCs
    • low o2
  70. Treatment of sickle cell?
    No treatment just treating the symptoms
  71. Nursing intervention of sickle cell?
    Prevent the attack(crisis)
  72. Medicine for antisickling effect?
    Cetiedil citrate
  73. reduce viscosity, increase RBC flexibility and lengthens the time between sickle cell anemia.
  74. What happens with congestive heart failure?
    Fluid build up.
  75. What is polycythemia?
    an increase in production of RBCs. WBC and platelet also increases.
  76. What is polycythemia?
    • cause unknown
    • low O2 stimulates in increase of CBC
  77. Treatment for polycytemia?
    • phlebotomy
    • radioactive phosphorus and radition therapy.
  78. Diagnosis for polycythemia?
    Hgb over 18mg/dl and HCT over 55%
  79. What is Thrombocytopenia?
    platelete count lower than 100,000mm3
  80. Diet for thrombocytopenia?
    high fiber to prevent constipation
  81. What is hemophilia?
    Coagulation disorder recessive gene
  82. Types of hemophilia?
    • Type A
    • Type B
  83. What is type A hemophilia?
    deficiency in factor 8
  84. What is Hemophilia B?
    Deficiency in plasma thromboplastin
  85. What are the three classification and readings? hemophilia
    • Mild factor level 40%
    • Moderate factor level 1-5%
    • severe factor level below 1%
  86. Main symptom of hemophilia?
    Bleeding even from minor trauma
  87. What is hermarthrosis?
    Bleeding in the joints
  88. What is the most common cause of death of hemophiliac
    Intracranial hemorrhage
  89. Baby bleeding hemohiliac out of tooth add?
  90. Diagnosis for hemohiliac?
    PTT and bleeding time prolonged.
  91. Nursing interaction of hemophilia?
    Trevent truama
  92. What is Von willebrands disease?
    • Characterized by slow coagulation of blood.
    • Mild deficiency of factor 8
  93. diagnosis of Von willibrands disease?
    PTT and bleeding time prolonged.
  94. What is cryprecipate?
    • Tx for willebrands disease
    • its frozen factor, bone maroow anything.
  95. nursing interaction willebrands disease
    wvoid truama.
  96. What is DIC?
    • Not a disease, a sydrome secondary to another process or condition.
    • It it alternating clotting and hemorrhaging.Fibrinogen is depleted
  97. Diagnosis of DIC
    • hemoptysis
    • purpura
    • petechiae
  98. Tx DIC
    • Cryoprecipitate
    • heparin
    • avoid trauma
    • minimize bleeding
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