ataxia (and hand flapping, fine tremor, jerky limb movement)
ataxia - feeding and swallowing
failure to thrive - poor weight gain
biting, mouthing, drooling
love rough and tumble play (love of water)
happy disposition, sociable
What is pica?
Pica is a medical disorder characterized by an appetite for substances largely non-nutritive (e.g. metal (coins, etc), clay, coal, soil, feces, chalk, paper, soap, mucus, ash, gum, etc.) or an abnormal appetite for some things that may be considered foods, such as food ingredients (e.g., flour, raw potato, raw rice, starch, ice cubes, salt). In order for these actions to be considered pica, they must persist for more than one month at an age where eating such objects is considered developmentally inappropriate. The condition's name comes from the Latin word for magpie, a bird which is reputed to eat almost anything. Pica is seen in all ages, particularly in pregnant women, small children, and those with developmental disabilities.
What is rumination?
literally it means "chewing the cud"
in humans it means regujitating food without retching and then chewing it again.
What is Prader - Willi Syndrome?
insatiable appetite caused by CNS issues
obesity and hypotonia
70 IQ average
small body and hands
eyes: strabismus and myopia
What kind of interventions are used with Prader Willi Syndrome?
Growth hormone treatment and sex hormone treatment
mental health for OCD behaviors
Transition to adult care
Most people with Prader-Willi syndrome will need specialized care and supervision throughout their lives. Many adults with the disorder live in residential care facilities that enable them to eat healthy diets, live safely, work and enjoy leisure activities.
What are the symptoms of Tourette's Syndrome?
higher in males than femailes
onset from age 2 - 18
onset average is 7 years old
involuntary tics: motor and vocal
ADD/ADHD (caution about ritalin~!)
*significant behavioral emotional and behavioral problems as secondary disorder
What are interventions for Tourette's?
medication *many side affects!
support groups with peers
depression is high with this group!
What is FAS?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
3 major characteristics FAS
prenatal and postnatal growth retardation
What are some of the characteristics of an FAS child?
small and thin body during childhood
failure to thrive/low birth weight
ranges from MR to SLD
significant behavioral and emotional disturbances
irritable baby! can't console crying
temper tantrums and moody
poor impulse control
OCD and ODD behavior
no sense of danger, strong willed
What are the craniofacial abnormalities of FAS?
ear malfunction of the middle ear
protuberant ears, poorly rotated, poorly formed concha