Article 2 - National Territory

  1. The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
    Section 14
  2. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.
    Section 2
  3. Automatic adoption of international law as part of the law of the Philippines.
    Doctrine of Incorporation
  4. The term ____, as used in the Constitution, covers all faiths.
  5. The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.
    Section 20
  6. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
    Section 12
  7. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.
    Section 11
  8. Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.
    Section 3
  9. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy.
    Section 5
  10. It is inherent in a republican system.
    Supremacy of Civilian Authority over the Military
  11. refers to the body of rules and principles which governs the relations of nations and their respective peoples in their intercourse with one another.
    International Law
  12. first and foremost duty of the government.
    Serve and protect the people
  13. Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involving public interest.
    Section 28
  14. The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.
    Section 6
  15. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development.
    Section 17
  16. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.
    Section 24
  17. The State shall maintain honesty and integrity in the public service and take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption.
    Section 27
  18. covers all phases of rural development—economic, social, political, cultural, and even industrial.
    Comprehensive Rural Development
  19. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service.
    Section 4
  20. The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs.
    Section 13
  21. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
    Section 16
  22. Implies the supreme authority inherent in the State by which it is governed.
  23. Constitution vs. Treaty
  24. Is a democratic government by representatives chosen by the people at large.
    Republican Government
  25. the branch of science that deals with the study of the interrelationships of living things and their environments.
  26. The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.
    Section 9
  27. The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.
    Section 18
  28. The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
    Section 8
  29. When does life commonly believed to begin?
    From the moment of conception when the female egg and the male sperm merge at fertilization.
  30. Treaty vs. Statute
    The most recent one prevails
  31. The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation.
    Section 23
  32. the state of physical, social and mental well-being rather than the absence of physical diseases.
  33. The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development.
    Section 10
  34. The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform.
    Section 21
  35. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law.
    Section 26
  36. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
    Section 1
  37. The term ____ may also include aliens since they are likewise subject to regulations adopted by the government for the defense of the State.
  38. The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments.
    Section 25
  39. the basic direction underlying the conduct by a State of its affairs vis-a-vis those of other State.
    Foreign Policy
  40. The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.
    Section 15
  41. When international usage to be applied.
    Given effect by our courts in the absence of any treaty, executive order, legislative act, or judicial decision.
  42. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development.
    Section 22
  43. refers to any service for the defense of the State other than as soldiers, like as workers in munition factories.
    civil service
  44. The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states, the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.
    Section 7
  45. The State shall develop a self-reliant and independent national economy effectively controlled by Filipinos.
    Section 19
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Article 2 - National Territory
Philippine Constitution