Development of Modernist Art (part 9)

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    • Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow
    • Artist: Mondrian
    • Era: De Stlil
    • Techniques:
    • altering grid patterns, sizes, and placement of color planes
    • creating an internal cohesion and harmony
    • dynamic tension between the size and position of lines, shapes, and colors
    • seems like the lines change in size but tis an optical illusion
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    • Composition in Blue, Yellow, and Black
    • Artist: Mondrian
    • Era: De Stlil
    • Techniques:
    • no direct relationship to reality
    • changes postion - changes compositional balance: clam internal order
    • line holds attention just as much as blank space does
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    • Schroder House
    • Artist: Rietveld
    • Era: De Stlil
    • Techniques:
    • main living rooms on second floor with bedrooms on bottom
    • connecting to landscape
    • open space
    • sliding partitions on 2nd floor
    • space needs to be thrown open and moveable
    • walls can slide across the florr
    • rooflines, and balconies look like they're sliding
    • cubic units breakup before our eyes
    • beams of color - inspired by Mondrian
    • big windows - connected to nature
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    • From the Radio Tower Berlin
    • Artist: Moholy-Nagy
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • angle from the top looking straight down
    • vertical, aerial view point
    • abrupt shift from eye level to reveal new patterns of reality
    • unexpected formal associations
    • change one's view of the world
    • looking at shapes and lines not meant to see objects or recognize things
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    • Homage to the Square: "Ascending"
    • Artist: Albers
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • start with yellow
    • part of a series
    • concentric squares
    • art orignates the discrepency between physical fact and psyhic effect
    • relativeity and instability of color perception
    • vaires hue, value and shade from piece to piece
    • depedning on colors squres look like different sizes
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    • Shop Block, The Bauhaus
    • Artist: Gropius
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • one wing of the building is 3 stories
    • wings with appartment buildings - almost entire university
    • two sotry bridge of administrative offices
    • original one torn down by Nazis
    • flocused on skeleton of reinforced concrete- supports are set back from outside planes - allows them to cover building in glass
    • returning to design simplicity
    • interiors are economy of space
    • interaction bewteen students and teachers
    • Classical purity
    • equilibrium between inner and outer space
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    • Tubular Chair
    • Artist: Breuer
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • easily mass produced
    • reductive, uses a spare amount of fabric
    • geometric aesthetic
    • space between cloth allows inner and outer space to mix
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    • Gobelin Tapestry
    • Artist: Stolzl¬†
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • more lively, intricate, and colorful
    • geometric patterns
    • not as strict verticals and horizontals
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    • Model for a Glass Skyscraper
    • Artist: Mies Van Der Rohe
    • Era: The Bauhaus
    • Techniques:
    • glass provides new freedom
    • play of reflections not typical shadows
    • curved lines seem arbitrary
    • sufficent illumination of interior, massing of building viewed from street, play of reflections
    • three irregular shaped towers
    • central court has lobby and community center, porters room
    • practicality of purpose
    • 2 cylindrical entrances ride at each end of the court, contain elevators, stairways and bathrooms
    • everything is trasparent
    • horizontal pattern and rhythm emphasized by glass
    • cantilevered floor plains
    • thin, vertical supports holding up each floor
    • creates a web-like delicacy of line through the glass and radiance of the light hitting the windows
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    • Villa Savoye
    • Artist: Le Corbusier
    • Era: International Style
    • Techniques:
    • country house dominates the landscape
    • has more light
    • cube of slightly inclosed and deeply penetrated spcae
    • three car garaged, bedrooms, bathroom, utility rooms
    • 2nd floor is main space
    • combining interior and exterior space
    • also a roof garden
    • entire base supported by thin columns
    • ground floor is recessed back
    • very open on bottom- long continuous stirp of windows
    • slender ribbons of windows* allows lightness of building
    • 2nd floor has windscreen that sticks out on top
    • dark green base, cream walls and a rose and blue wind screen
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    • Philadelphia Savings Fund Society Building
    • Artist: Howe
    • Era: International Style
    • Techniques:
    • horizontal banding¬†emphasized by ribbon windows
    • clean geometric planes
    • function divided cubic volumes of space
    • expression of urban corporate business, isolated in personal space
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    • Chrysler Building
    • Artist: Van Alen
    • Era: Art Deco
    • Techniques:
    • 1048ft tall
    • steel
    • monument to the 20s when they would build the tallest skyscrapers in biggest cities
    • diminisheing fan shapes glitter in the sky
    • resembles and oriental crown
    • honor the business achievements of Chrysler and crown it as king
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    • Robie House
    • Artist: Wright
    • Era: Organic Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • prairie style architecture because of ground hugging lines that resmeble expansive land
    • facade disappears under large roof over hangs
    • articulates space in large open areas
    • everything is grouped around central fireplace*
    • fireplace opens to 2 rooms
    • enclosed pattios - strip windows that allow light and views of outside
    • sharp angular placement of interior walls
    • alludes to cubist exterior with intersecting planes
    • not as much movement
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    • Kaufmann House
    • Artist: Wright
    • Era: Organic Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • weekend retreat home
    • built over waterfall
    • blocky masses extend out in different directions
    • contrasts texutres
    • full length strip winodws interweave interior and exterior space
    • emphasis on space
    • utilizes shape of land*
    • large patios - closer to nature=better person
    • uses stone river rocks from area
    • glass floors to look at waterfall beneath
Author
felara9614
ID
185183
Card Set
Development of Modernist Art (part 9)
Description
De Stlil, Early 20th century Modernist Architecture, and Organic Sculpture
Updated