Name 4 types of performance based assessments
- running records
What is an IRI?
- Informal Reading Inventory
- performanced based assessment
What do achievement tests measure?
mastery of skills in a specific area
Give 2 examples of achievement tests.
- WJR-III Woodcock Johnson Test of Achievement
- Stanford Achievement Test 10th Ed.
CAT-5 California Achievement Test
What do aptitude tests measure?
- a person's collective knowledge
- job skills
- interest inventories
- These are used to determine one's readiness for learning
- by measuring previously learned knowledge to predict future performance
Examples: verbal, numerical, mechanical
Give an example of an aptitude test.
What is ability testing?
- using standardized tests
- measures a specific area
- often intelligence is measured
- cognitive, pyschomotor, physical functioning
Give 2 examples of ability testing.
- GATE Gifted kids
- Wechsler WISC,
- Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales SB5
- Test of Higher Cognitive Processes
- Otis-Lennon OLSAT-8 (measures abstract and reasoning prek-18)
What is a competency test?
- how well you know a subject
- example:, social studies, math, science or English
Give 1 example of a competency test.
state testing like MSP, HSCP
What is a criterion-referenced test?
does NOT compare a kid to another kid
- looks to see if skills are mastered or not
- *Tied to benchmark standards achieved or not.
Give to 2 examples of criterion-referenced tests.
- Brigance: Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills (criterion too)
- SDRT4 Stanford Diagnostic Reading Test 4th Ed. (criterion too)
- *State Assessments tied to standards or benchmarks
What does a diagnostic test measure?
- identifies areas of weakness and strengths
- determines nature of weakness
- measure specific skills
Give 2 examples of diagnostic tests.
SDRT4 Stanford Diagnostic Reading Test 4th Ed. (criterion too)
What 2 things do intelligence tests measure?
List 3 intelligence tests.
- WISC-III-R aka Wechsler
- TONI aka Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence
What do norm-referenced test measure?
- standardized test
- compare same aged kids to same aged kids
Name 2 norm-referenced tests.
- WJR -III and Woodcock Reading
- Stanford Achievement and Diagnostic
- CAT-5 California Achievement Test
- Gate MacGointie Reading Test
- Terra Nova Reading
- ITBS Iowa Test of Basic Skills
What is a standardized test?
- a normed-referenced test
- uniformly developed, administered, and scored
- *can also be criterion referenced, or achievement, or ability test
Give 2 examples of standardized tests.
What is a battery?
- a group of subtests
- they are most commonly on achievement tests
What is a composite score?
- combines 2 or more subtest scores to give an average score, aka composite score
- WCJ does this for broad reading, writing and math.
What does the standard score measure?
- based on the bell curve averages
- it is used on standardized tests
What are 2 reasons standard scores useful to educators?
- it allows us to compare a student over time
- it allows us to compare students to students
What is a stanine?
- it groups standard scores between 1 and 9
- 1 is lowest
- 9 is highest
- 5 is the mean/average with a standard deviation of 2
What is a standard deviation?
SD - standard deviation
- in normal distribution...68% of scores fall
- 1 SD above the mean
- 1 SD below the mean
What is a T-score?
- its a standard score
- with a mean of 50
- and SD of 10
A T-score of 60 is a score that is 1 standard deviation above the mean.
What is the IQ range for mild MR?
50/55 to 70
What is the IQ range for moderate MR?
35/45 to 50/55
What is the IQ range for severe MR?
20/25 to 35/40
What is the IQ range for profoundly MR?
What does EMR mean and what is the range?
What are 3 things needed to make an accurate diagnosis of MR?
- IQ of 70 or below
- deficits in adaptive behavior
- origins of the disability prior to age 18 years.