final quiz urinary diseases 2.txt

  1. All of the following statements regarding pyelitis are correct except
    it is described as a bacterial infection from the kidney and the renal pelvis
  2. All of the following statements regarding pyelonephritis are correct except
    treatment includes hemodialysis
  3. All of the following statements regarding kidney stones are correct except
    the most frequent type of renal calculi is a struvite stone
  4. This type of kidney stone is an inherited disorder and prevents reabsorption of a substance that then crystalizes and precipitates anywhere in the urinary tract
    Cystine stones
  5. This type of kidney stone is more common in men than women and may be caused by hyperparathyroidism, sarcoidosis or cancer
    calcium stones
  6. This type of kidney stone is more common in men than women and is associated with gout, chemotherapy or a high protein diet
    uric acid stones
  7. This type of kidney stone is found in women who have a urinary tract infection where bacterial enzymes increase ammonia urinary concentrations so urine becomes more alkaline, triggering stone precipitation
    struvite stones
  8. All of the following are medications used to treat kidney stones except
    sulfate solutions
  9. All of the following structural abnormalities contribute to hydronephrosis except
    expansion of the ureter
  10. Cause of urinary incontinence : Hysterectomy
    persistent urinary incontinence
  11. Cause of urinary incontinence : Pregnancy
    persistent urinary incontinence
  12. Cause of urinary incontinence : Constipation
    temporary urinary incontinence
  13. Cause of urinary incontinence: Prostatitis
    persistent urinary incontinence
  14. Cause of urinary incontinence : Dehydration
    temporary urinary incontinence
  15. Cause of urinary incontinence : Alcohol
    temporary urinary incontinence
  16. All of the following are treatment categories for urinary incontinence except
  17. All of the following are interventional therapies for urinary incontinence except
    laser lithotripsy
  18. Loss of acid from vomiting, overactive adrenal gland or diuretics
    metabolic acidosis
  19. Anxiety, aspirin overdose or pain
    respiratory alkalosis
  20. Diabetic acidosis, lactic acidosis or loss of HCO3-
    metabolic acidosis
  21. Lung diseases, sleep-disorder breathing, neuromuscular disease impairing breathing
    respiratory acidosis
  22. Treatment : Pain medications, slowing breathing rate or breathing into and out of a paper bag to raise blood CO2 levels
    respiratory alkalosis
  23. Treatment : Replace water and electrolytes (Na+ and K+) while treating the underlying cause
    metabolic alkalosis
  24. Treatment : beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist/glucocorticosteroid, supplemental oxygen and/or mechanical ventilation
    respiratory acidosis
  25. Treatment : Insulin for diabetes or removal of toxic substance from blood
    metabolic acidosis
Card Set
final quiz urinary diseases 2.txt
urinary diseases quiz #2 final review