Development of Modernist Art (part 5)

  1. Image Upload 1
    • Street, Berlin
    • Artist: Kirchner
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • high social life
    • unnatural life
    • steep perspective
    • angular human figures
    • jagged brushstrokes
    • suggest the brittleness and fragility of life
    • cold harsh personalities
    • vertical focus
  2. Image Upload 2
    • Street, Dresden
    • Artist: Kirchner
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • frenzied urban society before WWI
    • jarring and dissonant
    • looming women approach the viewer menacingly
    • steep perspective, increasing confrontational nature
    • harshly rendered painted with rough brush strokes
    • zombie-like faces
    • gary clashing colors
    • expressive, disquieting impact
    • influence of Munch
  3. Image Upload 3
    • Saint Mary of Egypt among Sinners
    • Artist: Nolde
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • Mary before her conversion entertaining lechers whose lust intensify their brutal ugliness
    • distortion of form and color
    • brushstorkes amplify their faces
    • why we should avoid temptation and sin
  4. Image Upload 4
    • Woman with Dead Child
    • Artist: Kollwitz
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • Christian tradition of grieving Mary with dead Christ
    • woman is sitting completely grasping the child in a primitive manner
    • universal statement of maternal loss and grief
    • animalistic passion
    • primal nature of a mother that is part of Expressionism
    • etching lines are her hand
    • impact of this image is undeniably powerful
    • used her own son as model
    • her son was killed in the war later
  5. Image Upload 5
    • The Outbreak
    • Artist: Kollwitz
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • Black Anna who is inciting other peasants to revolt
    • she is facing away from us
    • combining etching and aquatint and a soft brown to emphasize the figures
    • her body and her gesture are creating motion
    • each peasant has slight detail in faces
    • primitive rough texture of etching
  6. Image Upload 6
    • Seated Youth
    • Artist: Lehmbruck
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • elongating human proportions create a sense of anguish
    • elongation goes back to Mannerism
    • quiet, contemplative
    • personal expression of his depression
    • originally titled "The Friend", for his many friends who died in war
  7. Image Upload 7
    • War Monument
    • Artist: Barlach
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • created for a Cathedral in Germany
    • cast bronze hovering
    • hauntingly symbolic figure to speak to the experience to all caught in the conflict of war
    • suspended above a tomb labeled with the dates of world wars
    • dying soul as it is going to heaven
    • theme of death and transfiguration
    • economy of surface texture and detail
    • simply form brings attention to simple but expressive head
    • Nazi's melt down original but they found another one that the artist had hidden
  8. Image Upload 8
    • Fit for Active Service
    • Artist: Grosz
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • military officers are heartless and incompetent
    • result of personal experience - on the verge of a nervoue breakdown but doctors said her was fit for service
    • doctor examining a skeleton and saying that it is fit for service
    • none of the other doctors are disputing the evaluation
    • spectacles on the skeleton allude to Grosz
    • simplicity of the line drawing contributes to the directness and immediacy of the work
    • scating portrayal of the german army
    • figures have angular outlines
  9. Image Upload 9
    • Night
    • Artist: Beckman
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • cramped room with intruders forcefully invading it
    • bound woman splayed across the foreground - allusion to rape
    • husband appears on left being strangled and other intruder is twisting his arm
    • unidentifyied woman in background
    • kidnapping a child
    • image itself does not depict a war scene but the wrenching violence and brutality of invading a common home - alludes to what war has done to people
    • uses himself, his wife, and his son as models
    • angularity of figures and roughness of paint surface create savageness of scene
    • objects seem dislocated and contourted
    • space appears buckled - illogical space
  10. Image Upload 10
    • Departure
    • Artist: Beckman
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • triptycht
    • figure bound while standing on right
    • bound figure sitting on left
    • woman splayed like a chicken in foreground on left - chicken ready fo slaughter
    • on right one is upside down and tied to other guy
    • bottom right band is still playing
    • individual in center wears a helmet
    • center very calm
    • woman and child allude to another generation and Virgin Mary and Christ child
    • tension of objects and space
    • jump cuts - jumping from one scene to another - helps create tension
  11. Image Upload 11
    • Der Krieg (The War)
    • Artist: Otto Dix
    • Era: Die Brucke
    • Techniques:
    • vividly capturing the devestation of war on people and landscape
    • armed uniform soldiers marching off into distance on left
    • center and right panels
    • graphic results of war
    • bodies scattered throughout an eeriely lit apocalyptic landscape
    • ghostly determined soldier dragging a commrade to safety on right represents Otto Dix
    • bunker looks like people are dead not asleep - allusion to death
    • doesn't open like Isenheim Altarpiece
    • mangled bodies convered with bullet holes
    • man he is carrying to safety is already dead
  12. Image Upload 12
    • Improvisation 28
    • Artist: Kandinsky
    • Era: Der Blaue Reiter
    • Techniques:
    • playful and loose images
    • fluidity and lyricism like music
    • prompted by subconcious feelings
    • images emerge from colors and quickly drawn lines
    • not meant to see anything
    • colors help to emphasize an emotion
  13. Image Upload 13
    • Improvisation 31
    • Artist: Kandinsky
    • Era: Der Blaue Reiter
    • Techniques:
    • loosely creates the image of ships on the water at sunset
    • swirl in the ocean
    • ships both have canons
    • sky reflected in the water
    • playful and loose images
    • fluidity and lyricism like music
    • prompted by subconcious feelings
    • images emerge from colors and quickly drawn lines
    • not meant to see anything
    • colors help to emphasize an emotion
  14. Image Upload 14
    • Fate of the Animals
    • Artist: Franz Marc
    • Era: Der Blaue Reiter
    • Techniques:
    • animals are trapped in the forest by an apocalyptic event
    • image is shattered like war
    • severe and brutal colors
    • "like a premonition of war, horrible and shattering"
    • inhumanity expressed through art
    • crisscrossing diagonals of trees
  15. Image Upload 15
    • Gertrude Stein
    • Artist: Picasso
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • friend and patron of Picasso
    • left unfinished after 80 sittings
    • reduced to African masks and sculptures
    • head simplified in shape
    • eyes have oval shapes- mouth chin and nose are triangles
    • insightful portrait of a forceful and vivacious woman
    • her face is more Cubist than the rest of her body
  16. Image Upload 16
    • Les Desmoiselles d'Avignon
    • Artist: Picasso
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • supposed to have men with prostitutes
    • reduced women to African indigenous sculptures
    • fractures shapes and interweaves them with jagged planes that represent drapery and empty space
    • sometimes the space is illegible
    • believe that white is drapery with blue highlights
    • brown is empty space
    • three figures on left are inspired by Iberian sculptures from his visits to Spain
    • erotic imagery
    • women are not gentle creatures but are angular and primitive
    • faces are both revealed and shadowed
    • seeing faces at multiple angles
    • turning heads in awkward positions
    • imply negativeness of prostitution
    • women become a still life because of still life in foreground
    • line is important
    • different positions of body seen at same time
    • women get more abstract from left to right
    • muscles are geometric shapes
    • facial features and torsos are triangles
    • face look like incised lines
  17. Image Upload 17
    • The Portuguese
    • Artist: Braque
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • a man with a guitar
    • subject from his memory-
    • dynamic interaction with space around it
    • space and form are one
    • colors reduced to monochrome of brown
    • focuses viewer's attention on form by not using color
    • letters and numbers add to flatness of piece
    • light and dark suggest chiaroscuro modelling
    • transparent planes
    • head in profile with frontal body
  18. Image Upload 18
    • Ma Jolie
    • Artist: Picasso
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • dynamic interaction with space around it
    • space and form are one
    • colors reduced to monochrome of brown
    • focuses viewer's attention on form by not using color
    • letters and numbers add to flatness of piece
    • light and dark suggest chiaroscuro modelling
    • transparent planes
  19. Image Upload 19
    • Champs de Mars
    • Artist: Delaunay
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • Eiffel Tower considered a marvel of modern technology
    • Parisian field
    • named after field of mars
    • breaks monument's unity into a colidascope array of color shards some that leap forward or pull back according to relative hues and values
    • structure ambiguously and simultaneously rises and collapses
    • political view on the societal collapse in the years leading to WWI
    • Delaunay said " the synthesis of a period of destruction"
    • alludes to war occurring and then the foundation of society falling apart
    • avant garde prophetic nature
    • skewed perspective
    • new technology caused destruction
    • emphasis on meaning not techniques
  20. Image Upload 20
    • Still Life with Chair Caning
    • Artist: Picasso
    • Era: Cubism
    • Techniques:
    • lithograph pattern of chair caning pasted on the image on top of oil cloth painted on canvas
    • framed by a piece of real rope that defines its limit
    • allusion of a chair with real rope mixed with charcoal drawing and oil paints
    • shifting perspectives
    • jou are first letters of journals and jouer
    • text is an art form not just manuscript illumination
    • draws over chair caning with charcoal to make is seem like its on top
Author
felara9614
ID
184867
Card Set
Development of Modernist Art (part 5)
Description
German Expressionism and Cubism
Updated