Development of Modernist Art (part 4)

  1. Image Upload 1
    • The Sacred Grove
    • Artist: Chavannes
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • ornamental and reflective
    • statuesque figures
    • tranquil landscape setting
    • motion is suspended in timeless poses
    • people or sculptures?
    • simple and sharp contours
    • modeling is done like shallow relief sculpture
    • atmosphere suggests that this place is consecrated
    • simple rhythmic contours allude to the rejection of materialism
    • created murals so that he wouldn't contribute to materialism
  2. Image Upload 2
    • Jupiter and Semele
    • Artist: Moreau
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • dreaming world
    • alludes to sensuality in art
    • one of hiw rare finished works
    • intricate colors, gorgeous lines, and richly detailed shapes
    • Semele is a mortal girl who is one of Jupiter's lovers
    • Semele begs Jupiter to appear to her in all his majesty and then she dies
    • based on Wagner's opera - dream of grand synthesis of all the arts
    • towering opulent architecture that would be present in an opera
    • grand hall covered in shimmering iridescent colors
    • rich color harmonizes with exotic colors form Medieval enamels, Byzantine mosaic, exotic wares, and Indian miniatures
    • reclining in Jupiter's lap
    • he is crowned with a halo of thunder bolts
    • she is swooning in suspended motion
    • entranced figures
    • beautiful inertia rendered with necessary richness
  3. Image Upload 3
    • The Cyclops
    • Artist: Redon
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • intense inner world
    • wrote of imaginary things that haunted him
    • impressionist pallet
    • stipling brushstrokes
    • projects a figment of his image
    • whimsical through rich saturated hues
    • looking at fetal head of a shy simpering polyphemus
    • head rises like a balloon above a sleeping figure of Galatea
    • improbable beings making them live according to the laws of probability
  4. Image Upload 4
    • The Sleeping Gypsy
    • Artist: Rousseau
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • gypsy in a silent and secretive desert world
    • sleeping underneath a full moon in an empty landscape
    • creating an uneasiness and anxiety of the vulnerable unconscious
    • menacing stuffed animal
  5. Image Upload 5
    • The Scream
    • Artist: Munch
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • grounded in the real world because its just a man on a bridge
    • evoke some sort of emotional response
    • man reduced to a skeletal form
    • curvilinear form of figure
    • face looks like skull
    • primitive scream
    • sweeping curvilinear line echo the shape of the head
    • scream reverberates across the setting
    • inferno-like sky
    • sharp angle of bridge accents drama
    • couple become haunting figures
  6. Image Upload 6
    • Christ's Entry into Brussels
    • Artist: Ensor
    • Era: Symbolism
    • Techniques:
    • hollow men
    • mask-like face that symbolize Ensor's paranoia
    • never see anyone's true face in a crowd
    • hard strident and spotted color
    • cacophony that makes the crowd even more repulsive
    • Christ on a donkey with a large sombrero (halo)
    • Christ surrounded by socialist
    • socialism is taking over religion
    • Ensor was deceived and cheated by everyone he trusted
  7. Image Upload 7
    • Staircase in the Van Eetvelde House
    • Artist: Horta
    • Era: Art Nouveau
    • Techniques:
    • every detail adds to the organic quality of the building
    • furniture, and drapery folds, and veins in the stone paneling, and patterns on door molding join with real plants to create graceful extensions of the twining plant theme
    • metallic tendrils and curls
    • railings have more twining plant forms
    • in the ceiling which is a glass dome the tracery is made to look like twining plants
    • screen and curtains have floral and leaf motifs
  8. Image Upload 8
    • The Peacock Skirt
    • Artist: Beardsley
    • Era: Art Nouveau
    • Techniques:
    • influenced by Japanese prints - flattened sections of color and pattern
    • eliminates all shading
    • intense but elastic line that stretches around the figure and creates a sweeping curvilinear shape, outline of figure
    • organic swirling designs
    • linear rhythm and harmony support the technique of calligraphy
    • "art for art's sake"
    • grace and beauty of line
  9. Image Upload 9
    • Casa Mila
    • Artist: Gaudi
    • Era: Art Nouveau
    • Location: Madrid, Spain
    • Techniques:
    • free form mass
    • around a street corner
    • very small windows that peep out from an undulating roof line
    • caped with writhing chimneys that spiral into the air
    • rough surface area, made to look like natural rocks that have been worn down by the elements
    • entrance portals are like sea caves
    • balconies with iron railings that are organic in design, with twining plant motif
    • hallways look like caves, arched
    • symbolically a living thing
    • passion for naturalism
    • spiritually connected to Expressionism
  10. Image Upload 10
    • Death and Life
    • Artist: Klimt
    • Era: Art Nouveau
    • Techniques:
    • heavier in subject matter and colors
    • river of life on right
    • people cling to each other to survive
    • skeleton on left represents death
    • death can take away life at any moment
    • amorphous background setting
    • death is wrapped in a cloak of crucifixes
    • everyone dies
    • people gain strength from each other
    • each figure has its own set of colors and patterns
    • inspired by Byzantine mosaic, cloisonne, and stained glass
  11. Image Upload 11
    • The Kiss
    • Artist: Klimt
    • Era: Art Nouveau
    • Techniques:
    • Klimt and his mistress?
    • colors and shapes are like jewels
    • human drama
    • man is forcing the woman's head down
    • different skin tones
    • different patterns in garments
    • man has rectangles and woman has floral
    • leaf garland in man, flowers in her hair
    • people question whether she is alive or dead
    • why are they sitting on the edge of the cliff?
    • she has elongated upper body
  12. Image Upload 12
    • Woman with the Hat
    • Artist: Matisse
    • Era: Fauvism
    • Techniques:
    • his wife Amelie
    • wide, sad eyes
    • rapid, unrefined strokes
    • conventional compositional layout
    • resting hand on a walking cane
    • half length portrait
    • arbitrary colors make her look flat
    • colors juxtaposed with jarring contrasts
    • no light and shadow to create volume - avant garde
    • could not reproduce light, only represent light with color
  13. Image Upload 13
    • Harmony in Red
    • Artist: Matisse
    • Era: Fauvism
    • Techniques:
    • maid placing fruit and wine on a table
    • compresses space
    • simplifying form
    • same pattern on table and wall
    • uses white to manipulate the eye across the picture frame, orange too
    • objects define space
    • lots of curvilinear lines
  14. Image Upload 14
    • The Dance
    • Artist: Derain
    • Era: Fauvism
    • Techniques:
    • flattens perspective and uses color to delineate space and objects
    • indicates light and shadow not by differences in value but by contrast in hue
  15. Image Upload 15
    • London Bridge
    • Artist: Derain
    • Era: Fauvism
    • Techniques:
    • atypical colors
    • distorted perspective
    • easily identified brushstrokes
    • black outlined accents
  16. Image Upload 16
    • The Old King
    • Artist: Roulault
    • Era: Fauvism
    • Techniques:
    • sometimes Expressionist
    • dark jewel-like colors with strong heavy black outlines to outline the figure and divide him into geometric shapes
    • use of stain glass windows
    • Old Testament ruler, sitting on a thrown, holding flowers under an arch
    • melancholy mood - vulnerability and human frailty of ruling
Card Set
Development of Modernist Art (part 4)
Symbolism, Art Nouveau, and Fauvism