Chemistry vocab unit 3

  1. Distillation
    process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and cutting its vapors
  2. Precipitaion
    to form a mysterious combination by reacting 2 satls or changing temperature
  3. Chemical changes
    any process by the atomic & little structure of the subtances involved
  4. Chemical properties
    property used to characterize materials in reactions that change their identity
  5. Physical changes
    change form one state (solid, liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical structure
  6. Physical properties
    any property used to charaterize matter and energy&their interactions
  7. Homogenous mixture
    substance that is uniform in structure
  8. Diatomic element
    molecules composed only of 2 atoms, of either the same or different chemical elements
  9. polyatomic element
    needs 2 or more of the same atoms bonded into a molecule to exist natrually
  10. pure substance
    a chemical substance is a material with a specific chemical composition
  11. matter
    something which any physical object consists or is made of
  12. Isotope
    any of 2 or more farms of a chemical element
  13. Neutrons
    elementry particle having no charge
  14. Electrons
    Element partical that is a basic combination of matter of negative charge
  15. Ion
    group of atoms formed by loss or gain of one or more elections
  16. Atom
    consists of the nucies has combinations of neutrons in protons smallets component of element hes chemical properties
  17. molecule
    of a substance weight of a substance
  18. compound
    composed of 2 or more parts element or ingredients
  19. element
    class of substanes that cannot be seperated  into simpler substances
  20. mixture
    addition of 2 or more substances that are not chemically united
  21. Solution
    process of gas liquid or solid in broken up homogeneously in a gas liquid or solid w chemical change
  22. solvent
    power of dissolving causing solution
  23. protons
    component of an atomic necleus with a masss defined as i and a charge of 1+
  24. Atomic number
    # of protons postive charges or electrons in the nuclues of an atom
  25. atomic mass
    the mass of an isotrope an element
  26. miscribe
    capable of being mixed
  27. chromatography
    seperation of mixtures into their components
  28. Suspensions
    Particles of a substance are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved
  29. Colloid
    Substance made of particles with linear dimensions
  30. Solute
    Substance Dissolved A Given Solution.
Card Set
Chemistry vocab unit 3
Matter and atoms